This book provides an institutional case study of the BBC Television Service, as it undertook the responsibility of creating programmes that addressed the impact of black Britons, their attempts to establish citizenship within England and subsequent issues of race relations and colour prejudice. Beginning in the 1930s and into the post millennium, the book provides a historical analysis of policies invoked, and practices undertaken, as the Service attempted to assist white Britons in understanding the impact of African-Caribbeans on their lives, and their assimilation into constructs of Britishness. Management soon approved talks and scientific studies as a means of examining racial tensions, as ITV challenged the discourses of British broadcasting. Soon after, BBC 2 began broadcasting, and more issues of race appeared on the TV screens, each reflecting sometimes comedic, somewhat dystopic, often problematic circumstances of integration. In the years that followed, however, social tensions, such as those demonstrated by the Nottingham and Notting Hill riots, led to transmissions that included a series of news specials on Britain's Colour Bar, and docudramas, such as A Man From the Sun, which attempted to frame the immigrant experience for British television audiences, but from the African-Caribbean point of view. Subsequent chapters include an extensive analysis of television programming, along with personal interviews. Topics include current representations of race, the future of British television, and its impact upon multiethnic audiences. Also detailed are the efforts of Black Britons working within the British media as employees of the BBC, writers, producers and actors.
In this semi-biographical short story, the relationship between James Baldwin and Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, and its culmination in their epic confrontation in New York City on 24 May 1963, is portrayed through the lens of an unidentified fictive narrator. In the midst of heightened racial tensions, Baldwin has been tasked with bringing together a delegation of prominent Black US personalities to meet with the Attorney General and share their views on the measures necessary to combat segregation and racism. The meeting has barely begun before the naivety of the administration’s view of the national situation becomes clear, and the atmosphere in the room grows increasingly strained. “The Fire Inside” has never before appeared in print. An earlier version of the story was broadcast by Swedish Radio on 29 November 2019.
‘Tears of laughter': comedy-drama in 1990s British cinema
investigate the ways in which humour is deployed
for dramatic and emotional effect in the context of scenarios dealing with
such seemingly non-comic subjects as mass unemployment, failed or uneasy
relationships, bitter family disputes, or instances of racialtension and
conflict in British society. I will seek to demonstrate that the interaction
of comic and dramatic modes of narration within the films discussed proved
to be a
and racialtension (Thomas and Sanderson, 2009 ).This suggests that, potentially,
conversations on Englishness can truly be focused on belonging to
place and (multi-ethnic) space, rather than ‘race’.
A multi-racial nation?
One of the most profound
influences on changes to the ways national identity/ies have been
understood within the UK since the mid-twentieth century has been
The British, the Americans, the War and the move to Federation
increasingly fearful of West Indian loyalty and there was a real
fear that racialtensions or other forms of instability would be
exploited by Nazi propaganda to turn the West Indies against the allies
and in support of the Axis powers. The Colonial Secretary and governors
of Barbados repeatedly warned of this. ‘The Negro section’,
the Colonial Secretary pointed out
Clothing and masculine identities in the imperial city, 1860–1914
the realm of men’s clothing
and physical appearance in the period between 1880 and 1914.
A focus on men’s clothing can help to illustrate the ways in which
the increased consumer activity and the enhanced visibility of sartorial practices
characteristic of the period indicated deeper social, sexual and racialtensions. Thus
changes in the nature and representation of fashion-related consumption can be mapped
directly on to the negotiation of cultural exchanges at street level, in a reading of modern
T he NCCL and the policing of interwar politics
Meetings and processions: racialtensions in the East End of
From the latter part of 1936 Mosley targeted the East End of
London with an anti-Jewish campaign, intentionally playing on the
volatile racialtensions in the region to rouse support for the BUF.
The disorderly public meetings, assaults and damage to property
that were the inevitable outcome of Mosley’s tactics, and the failure
of the police to deal adequately with the situation, were at the heart
of the NCCL’s anti-fascist campaign
Suspicious deaths and strangers in
wartime London, 1939–45
The Second World War’s exacerbation of family tensions created
a pattern of domestic violence that encompassed the entire city.
This chapter shifts focus from the effects of war on private life to
explore how the war affected crimes between relative strangers in
public spaces: in pubs, in shelters and on the streets of London.
During the war, London became a much more anonymous, varied
and cosmopolitan city. Casual encounters influenced by alcohol, sex,
racialtensions and the obscurity of
Most of these soldiers (28 per cent) were Galicians, as were the soldiers of
Labra’s regiment, or Andalusians (14.75 per cent) and many died of disease;
in the 1850s the death rate among the troops was 50 per cent.30
Despite the heightened racialtensions during the La Escalera episode,
Labra successfully maintained peace in Cienfuegos and attempted to avert
the persecution of the slaves and potential race conflict. He was instrumental
is quashing an alleged slave conspiracy in Cienfuegos which could easily have
resulted in bloodshed. This was the so
wholeheartedly in its blackly humorous portrait of individual inadequacy, family authority
and racialtension. Carl (Sam Neill) takes a job as a chef in a nightclub run by a Greek
family, and is attracted to Sophie (Zoe Carides), who works behind the bar. She is betrothed
to Yanni the manager against her wishes, and she begins a secret relationship with Carl. The
club bouncer Laurie victimises Carl, and precipitates a fight between Carl and his Turkish
kitchen helper Mustafa. Mustafa is killed accidentally, and Carl asks his friend Dave to