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Working memories

Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space explores how street theatre transforms industrial space into postindustrial space. Deindustrializing communities have increasingly turned to cultural projects to commemorate industrial heritage while simultaneously generating surplus value and jobs in a changing economy. Through analysis of French street theatre companies working out of converted industrial sites, this book reveals how theatre and performance more generally participate in and make historical sense of ongoing urban and economic change. The book argues, firstly, that deindustrialization and redevelopment rely on the spatial and temporal logics of theatre and performance. Redevelopment requires theatrical events and performative acts that revise, resituate, and re-embody particular pasts. The book proposes working memory as a central metaphor for these processes. The book argues, secondly, that in contemporary France street theatre has emerged as working memory's privileged artistic form. If the transition from industrial to postindustrial space relies on theatrical logics, those logics will manifest differently depending on geographic context. The book links the proliferation of street theatre in France since the 1970s to the crisis in Fordist-Taylorist modernity. How have street theatre companies converted spaces of manufacturing into spaces of theatrical production? How do these companies (with municipal governments and developers) connect their work to the work that occurred in these spaces in the past? How do those connections manifest in theatrical events, and how do such events give shape and meaning to redevelopment? Street theatre’s function is both economic and historiographic. It makes the past intelligible as past and useful to the present.

Labour NGOs and the struggle for migrant workers’ rights

In twenty-first-century Chinese cities there are hundreds of millions of rural migrants who are living temporary lives, suspended between urban and rural China. They are the unsung heroes of the country’s ‘economic miracle’, yet are regarded as second-class citizens in both a cultural, material and legal sense. China’s citizenship challenge tells the story of how civic organisations set up by some of these rural migrants challenge this citizenship marginalisation. The book argues that in order to effectively address the problems faced by migrant workers, these NGOs must undertake ‘citizenship challenge’: the transformation of migrant workers’ social and political participation in public life, the broadening of their access to labour and other rights, and the reinvention of their relationship to the city. By framing the NGOs’ activism in terms of citizenship rather than class struggle, this book offers a valuable contribution to the field of labour movement studies in China. The monograph also proves exceptionally timely in the context of the state’s repression of these organisations in recent years, which, as the book explores, was largely driven by their citizenship-altering activism.

Open Access (free)
The imaginary archaeology of redevelopment
David Calder

3 Excavation: the imaginary archaeology of redevelopment Vaulx-en-Velin, May 2012. I have reached the end of the line. I alight from the subway train at Vaulx-en-Velin La Soie, the ‘multimodal’ transit hub that since October 2007 has connected this far-flung eastern banlieue to Lyon city centre. Diffuse light from frosted skylights bathes the underground platform in a soft glow. Warm-toned woods and evenly spaced palm trees set this station apart from the older, workaday concrete models I left behind in Lyon and Villeurbanne. In the years following this visit

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Open Access (free)
Continuous theatre for a creative city
David Calder

Solga call the ‘creative city script’ as an official cultural and economic strategy; they hope to position Nantes as a European leader in architecture, design, new media, digital innovation, research, and the fine and performing arts.7 Crucial to this strategy is the redevelopment of the Ile de Nantes, the island in the Loire, just south of the city centre, that served as Nantes’ shipbuilding hub from the nineteenth century to the launch of the Bougainville. Much of the former shipyards has been converted into a park. Traces of the island’s industrial past remain

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
Abstract only
Clare Hartwell

. These are the timber-framed Old Wellington Inn (probably seventeenth century) and adjoining Sinclair’s Oyster Bar (which has fictive timber framing painted on brick external walls). Collectively known as the Shambles, they originated in possibly the least appealing part of the medieval market place, where meat was sold. Altered and restored in 1925, and patched up after the war, they remained on the site until the 1970s redevelopment of the centre. As the Arndale Centre took shape (see ‘Shopping centre’, p. 65), a shopping area was planned nearby on the medieval

in Manchester
Camilla Lewis

residents. Despite millions of pounds of urban regeneration funding and numerous waves of redevelopment, high levels of unemployment and welfare dependency continue to characterise this locality. Even though significant deindustrialisation has occurred, the industrial past continues to shape older residents’ sense of place, both through physical reminders in the material environment and also discursively, through sharing memories of previous places of employment. Historical accounts of deindustrialisation in East Manchester depict a narrative of decline; from the area

in Realising the city
Abstract only
Katherine Fennelly

community care would mean a reduction of the extent of institutional provision for the mentally ill, from large mental hospitals into purpose-built wards in general hospitals. Powell’s words heralded a period of transformation and change in the management of mental health in Britain. Mental hospitals began to close their doors in the final decades of the twentieth century, leaving many former Georgian and Victorian asylum buildings empty, open for redevelopment, and in a few cases allowed to slump into dilapidation. In Ireland, mental hospitals

in An archaeology of lunacy
Open Access (free)
Working memory
David Calder

urban and economic change. Bonnard’s reflection on the preservation of the TASE factory reveals much about the stakes of his company’s work, the tensions inherent in deindustrialization and redevelopment, and the issues that will recur throughout this book. Bonnard conveys urgency, even danger. The task at hand is not to preserve a corpse but to save a life, or rather a living connection between present and past congealed for the moment in the fragile structure of the factory itself. This temporal link establishes local identity that might persist despite

in Street theatre and the production of postindustrial space
James Greenhalgh

1 Fantasies of urban futures In 1945, in common with many other British towns and cities, Hull and Manchester produced comprehensive, detailed redevelopment plans. Unlike pre-war plans, which tended to be somewhat piecemeal, usually dealt with specific areas of cities and were rarely published, a significant number of the post-war plans for cities and larger towns were printed in impressive books, garnering much press attention and were accompanied by well-attended public exhibitions.1 These Plans were a spectacular mix of maps, representations of modern

in Reconstructing modernity
Peter Shapely

bare the stark reality facing the city. It estimated that 68,837 houses were needed to replace homes described as unfit for human habitation, while a total of 76,272 houses were needed in the long-term to meet increasing demand and 11,524 houses needed to meet immediate priorities.4 Alderman Jackson again led the agenda for reform. As Mayor, he was partly responsible for the council’s 1945 Redevelopment Plan. In the plan the City Surveyor, R. Nicholas, claimed that, “in many respects the Manchester citizen of 1650 was in a better position to enjoy a healthy life”.5

in The politics of housing