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A political analysis

East Manchester was the site of one of the most substantial regeneration projects internationally. Urban regeneration was a central plank of New Labour policy and the approach radically altered with the election of the Coalition Government in 2010. East Manchester was one of the most deprived areas of Britain in 1997, referred to as a ‘basket case’ in dire need of regeneration. This book explores the role of Manchester City Council and other public agencies in the regeneration of the area such as New East Manchester, NDC/Beacons and the Housing Market Renewal Programme; the Manchester voluntary sector and the private sector including the major investments linked to Manchester City Football Club and the Etihad Campus. While the book focuses on a single regeneration initiative, it has wider relevance to national and international regeneration processes. The book assesses the outcome of the regeneration initiative although it demonstrates the difficulties in producing a definitive evaluation. It has a political focus and illuminates and challenges many assumptions underpinning three major current academic debates: governance, participatory democracy and ideology.

Georgina Blakeley and Brendan Evans

3 Partners in regeneration The structures established to regenerate east Manchester have developed since New Labour’s election in 1997. Some of the structures have had a sole focus on east Manchester while others have operated beyond that geographical area but made a contribution to the work of regeneration in that part of the city in the course of their activity, such as the Local Strategic Partnership (LSP) and the Manchester Partnership (MP). It is also necessary to separate those structures which have a central and long-­standing role in the project from

in The regeneration of east Manchester
Georgina Blakeley and Brendan Evans

8 Who participates in regeneration? This chapter evaluates the nature and extent of resident involvement in regeneration in east Manchester without any a priori assumption of what constitutes ideal democratic practice. Nevertheless, participation does not happen in an ideological vacuum, and we acknowledge that there were several drivers behind resident involvement. The temporal theme is evident in various ways. First, any snapshot view of resident involvement would not do justice to the types and extent of involvement which occurred from 1998 onwards. Our

in The regeneration of east Manchester
Hugh Atkinson

7 Regeneration and sustainability Introduction This chapter will be divided into three sections. First, there will be an analysis of the concept of sustainability, its application to local communities and what criteria have to be met if we are to achieve sustainable communities. Second, there will be a focus on key strategies at the both the national and local level to regenerate local areas and communities. The spotlight here will be on both physical and social regeneration and as such will be set within the context of our earlier discussion on the nature and

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Fact and fiction in the Regeneration trilogy
Natasha Alden

3927 Alden- Reading behind the lines:Layout 1 27/9/13 09:05 Page 52 2 Regenerating the past: fact and fiction in the Regeneration trilogy The way in which Pat Barker uses historical source material in her trilogy of First World War novels has fuelled a considerable amount of debate amongst historians and literary critics alike. As Barker herself says in the ‘Author’s Note’ to the first novel in the trilogy, Regeneration, ‘fact and fiction are so interwoven in this book that it may help the reader to know what is historical and what is not’.1 In

in Reading behind the lines
Georgina Blakeley and Brendan Evans

The ideology of urban regeneration initiatives 6 The ideology of urban regeneration initiatives The creation of NEM and its role in working with regeneration partners was no isolated whim, but was related to the ideological climate of British politics in the 1990s and specifically to New Labour’s political goals. Since Britain remains a relatively centralised state it is essential to include an excursus upon the ideological intentions of national policy-­makers in this central aspect of public policy. In addressing this, it is desirable to consider the

in The regeneration of east Manchester
A ‘post’-script
Steve Redhead

 1 From my generation to regeneration: a ‘post’-​script A handbill from Manchester’s Haçienda proclaimed: December 21st HOT THE FINAL PARTY A CELEBRATION OF THE SUMMER OF 88 In this way, the ‘Summer of Love, 88’, itself a reworking of another mythical summer, took its place in the hallowed hall of pop legends. Whilst the 1960s once slipped lazily into the early 1970s, Pop Time had now accelerated with a vengeance –​as if reclaiming borrowed time –​according the public phenomenon of Acid House little more than a long weekend. Or, as the magazine i-​D had it

in The end-of-the-century party
Amna Haider

Trauma realities defy easy access to comprehension and thus require alternative discourses to understand them. This article looks at Pat Barkers employment of the Gothic tropes in the examination and explication of war trauma in her Regeneration trilogy. More pertinently, it scrutinizes the complex relation between Gothicized landscapes and trauma by analyzing three specific sites – Craiglockhart War Hospital, trenches and England as ‘Blighty’ – in the Regeneration trilogy. This article shows traumas destabilizing impact by examining how landscapes become imprinted with trauma. The physical disempowerment of landscapes is further complemented by a psychological disempowerment by examining traumatized patient-soldiers mindscapes and dreamscapes. It further examines how Barker employs tropes of haunting, dreams and nightmares, staple Gothic emotions of fear, terror and horror, Freuds Unheimlich to dispossess the owners control and locates trauma realities lurking therein. Thus Barkers Regeneration narrative bears witness to the phantom realities of war trauma by privileging the uncanny personal histories of traumatized soldiers.

Gothic Studies
Abstract only
Private greed, political negligence and housing policy after Grenfell

As the tragedy of the Grenfell Tower fire of 14 June 2017 has slowly revealed a shadowy background of outsourcing and deregulation, and a council turning a blind eye to health and safety concerns, many questions need answers. Stuart Hodkinson has those answers. Safe as Houses weaves together Stuart’s research over the last decade with residents’ groups in council regeneration projects across London to provide the first comprehensive account of how Grenfell happened and how it could easily have happened in multiple locations across the country. It draws on examples of unsafe housing either refurbished or built by private companies under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) to show both the terrible human consequences of outsourcing and deregulation and how the PFI has enabled developers, banks and investors to profiteer from highly lucrative, taxpayer-funded contracts. The book also provides shocking testimonies of how councils and other public bodies have continuously sided with their private partners, doing everything in their power to ignore, deflect and even silence those who speak out. The book concludes that the only way to end the era of unsafe regeneration and housing provision is to end the disastrous regime of self-regulation. This means strengthening safety laws, creating new enforcement agencies independent of government and industry, and replacing PFI and similar models of outsourcing with a new model of public housing that treats the provision of shelter as ‘a social service’ democratically accountable to its residents.

From New Labour to the Big Society
Author: Hugh Atkinson

There is a widespread view that local democracy in Britain is in deep trouble and that people face a crisis of civic engagement and political participation. This book counterweighs the many negative accounts that seek to dominate the political discourse with talks on political apathy and selfish individualism. It commences with an examination of theoretical debates as to the meaning of local democracy and related concepts. The book looks at the policy agenda around local democracy in the context of the developing nature of central/local relations since 1979. It considers the available evidence on level of political participation and civic engagement by looking at eight themes. These include the state of formal politics, forms of civic engagement, community identity and the emerging world of the internet/world wide web. The book also looks at nine key aspects of the reform of local democracy over the last fifteen years, including local democracy and the New Labour reform agenda; the constitutional position of local government; and double devolution. It focuses on the so-called 'crisis of formal democracy' at the local level. The book ascertains the recent developments beyond the realm of elections, political parties and formal political institutions. It then concentrates on local services and policy attempts to widen public participation in the shaping and delivery of such services. Finally, the book discusses the concept of sustainability and regeneration strategies to build sustainable communities, both physical and social.