Professional politicians and regional institutions in Catalonia and Scotland
Series: Devolution
Author: Klaus Stolz

Focusing on professional politicians, this book investigates the interrelationship between political career patterns and political institutions in two of the most widely discussed cases of regionalism: Catalonia and Scotland. It deals with two different yet closely related sets of questions. Firstly, how do professional politicians pursue their careers in the regional context? And secondly, how do they shape and reshape the political institutions in which they pursue these careers? The book is based on extensive empirical research including a comprehensive data set on the careers of Catalan and Scottish parliamentarians, systematic surveys of regional representatives as well as in-depth interviews with a wide range of politicians and experts in both regions. Exploring the effects of political professionalisation on regional democracy, it goes beyond traditional studies of regionalism and decentralization, while its focus on the regional career arena introduces a territorial dimension to the study of political careers.

Setting the stage for a regional political class
Klaus Stolz

2 Regionalism, regionalisation and regional institutions in Catalonia and Scotland: setting the stage for a regional political class This chapter sets out to delineate the broad historical developments and the main structural features that condition the potential emergence and scope of a regional political class in Catalonia and Scotland. This is of course a vast and difficult task, as it touches upon the macro-processes of democratisation, state modernisation, regionalisation and political professionalisation and the complex ways they have impacted on each other

in Towards a regional political class?
Klaus Stolz

1 The quest for a regional political class When regionalisation meets political professionalisation: object of analysis and objectives of the study Those who fought for Catalan self-government and democracy against the Franco dictatorship didn’t do so with a view to a professional political career: indeed, it was a very risky business, threatening their lives and livelihoods. In the more than thirty years since Franco’s death, though, Jordi Pujol and Pasqual Maragall have not only continued to live for Catalan politics, they have also been living off their

in Towards a regional political class?
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The making of a regional political class in itself
Klaus Stolz

3 Political careers: the making of a regional political class in itself In the first part of the empirical analysis the focus is on the political class as a dependent variable and remains restricted to its structural dimension as a class ‘in itself’. It is asked whether the concurrent processes of regionalisation and political professionalisation in Catalonia and Scotland have led to the emergence of a regional political class as constituted by the existence of professional politicians (functional differentiation) with a common regional career orientation

in Towards a regional political class?
Lez Cooke

1 Regionalism, regional culture and regional identity What is a region? The question has preoccupied geographers for more than a century. While early twentieth-century geographers, such as A.J. Herbertson, developed a theory of the region based on ‘natural’ characteristics, suggesting a region was defined by ‘a certain unity of configuration, climate and vegetation’ (Herbertson, 1905: 309), subsequent definitions have taken social as well as environmental factors into consideration. Accordingly, a region came to be defined not only on the basis of its physical

in A sense of place
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Traces of a regional political class in Catalonia and Scotland
Klaus Stolz

5 Conclusion: traces of a regional political class in Catalonia and Scotland Having analysed the making of a regional political class and its re-making of regional institutions in Catalonia and Scotland in some detail, it is now time to step back and reprise what this analysis can tell us about the development, the state, and the prospect of democracy and autonomy in the two regions. This is followed by a more general evaluation of the theoretical insights and the conceptual advancements that result from a comparison of the two cases. The impact of political

in Towards a regional political class?
A regional political class for itself
Klaus Stolz

4 (Re)making political institutions: a regional political class for itself As we have seen in the last chapter, political institutions established in Catalonia and Scotland have allowed for a professionalisation of Catalan and Scottish politicians and are shaping the patterns of their careers. Thus, regionalisation has not only brought about a territorial differentiation of politics but has also come with a new functional division of labour. Regional self-government is more or less delegated to political professionals trusted with this task. These professional

in Towards a regional political class?
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External influences and continental shaping forces
Mary Farrell

6 African regionalism: external influences and continental shaping forces Mary Farrell The Joint Africa–EU Strategy (JAES) (Council of the European Union, 2007) marked another phase in the cooperation between the two continents that had its origins in the post-­colonial era for the African countries, and for the new European community founded under the Treaty of Rome (1957). Presented as a strategic partnership among the 27 countries of the European Union (EU) and the 53 countries of Africa, it was framed with the intention to redefine the relations between the

in The European Union in Africa
Lez Cooke

2 Regional broadcasting Since the 1920s the development of regional broadcasting in the UK has been subject to a number of interrelated factors: technological, geographical, cultural, financial and political. Among these the technological and geographical have arguably been the most significant. The designation of geographical regions has been determined mainly by the availability of broadcasting frequencies and the range of transmitters, rather than by any idea of shared community interests or indigenous regional identities. Writing about regional and local

in A sense of place
Brid Quinn

5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd 1111 21 3 4 51 6 7 8 9 10 1 1112 3 411 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 211 3/9/09 16:45 Page 103 6 Regional policy and politics Bríd Quinn Introduction From its inception in the 1970s, the European Union’s regional policy has effected significant change in member states, while itself evolving from a limited policy instrument to a fully fledged policy in response to expanding EU membership and changing priorities (Featherstone and Radaelli, 2003; Bache, 1998). Such change has been asymmetric between and

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland