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Matthew Hunt
Isabel Muñoz Beaulieu
, and
Handreen Mohammed Saeed

Humanitarian health projects generate extensive amounts of data as part of their activities. In many situations, this data will endure long after the projects have ended. Careful attention is needed within project closure planning and implementation to decisions of when and how to share, store, return to the individuals from whom it was collected, or destroy data. Drawing on a review of the literature and guidelines related to data responsibility and project closure, we propose seven questions that can help orient reflection and deliberation around data management from the perspective of an ethics of project closure. The questions foreground considerations related to purpose limitation and data minimisation, respect for data rights, upholding duties of care, clarifying expectations, commitments and agreements, minimisation and mitigation of risk, and alignment of policy and regulatory frameworks for data responsibility. We illustrate the application of the questions to a case study of the handover of a healthcare project in a refugee camp where project activities were transferred from an international humanitarian organisation to local authorities. This analysis reinforces the importance of understanding data responsibility as an essential component of ‘closing well’.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Darryl Stellmach
Margaux Pinaud
Margot Tudor
, and
Larissa Fast

technologies to be piloted among presumably compliant populations – people struggling for basic life necessities are assumed less likely to insist on fundamental rights – and where the policy or regulatory frameworks may not be as developed. Consequently, proprietors learn how to streamline and market these innovations in their home societies ( Sandvik et al. , 2017 ; Jacobsen, 2015 ). In such crisis environments, actors and technologies are perceived as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

assigned to ‘humanitarian effectiveness’ ( Redfield, 2012 ) and how the sector should relate to a developing global regulatory framework that is accompanied by an evolving global ‘techno-legal consciousness’ ( Sandvik, 2018 ), where data protection and privacy are seen as basic rights ( Hosein and Nyst, 2013 ). My objective is to interrogate the ambiguous position of digital humanitarian goods developed at the interface of the affordances of emergency response contexts, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

Rackete, Juliano Fiori for inviting me to extend my ideas for another audience, and Karina Horsti for her comments on an earlier version of this paper. Notes 1 I am using this term here as a shortcut to refer to migrants whose entry to or residence in a country is officially conceptualised to be outside that country’s regulatory framework. 2 On Herrou, see, for example, Nossiter (2016) ; on Ersson, see, for example, Pham and Hakim (2019) . For other examples, see Fekete et al. , (2017 , 2019 ). 3 For the most recent figures, see the online

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Crisis of Value

This book explains the fundamental causes of the bank's failure, including the inadequacy of the regulatory and supervisory framework. For some, it was the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act that was the overriding cause, not just of the collapse of Lehman Brothers, but of the financial crisis as a whole. The book argues that the cause is partly to be found both in weak and ineffective regulation and also in a programme of regulation and supervision that was simply not fit for the purpose. Lehman Brothers' long history began with three brothers, immigrants from Germany, who sold selling groceries and dry goods to local cotton farmers. Dick Fuld, the chairman and CEO, and his senior management, ignored the increased risks, choosing to rely on over-valuations of the firm's assets. The book examines the regulation of the Big Five investment banks in the context of the changes which took place in the structure of banking after the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act. It describes the introduction of the European Union's Consolidated Supervision Directive in 2004. The book examines the whole issue of valuing Lehman's assets and details the regulations covering appraisals and valuations of real estate, applicable at the time and to consider Lehman's approach in the light of these regulations. It argues that that the valuation of Lehman's real estate assets was problematic to say the least, as the regulators did not require the investment banks to adopt a recognized methodology of valuation, and that Lehman's own methods were flawed.

Abstract only
Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research
Ciara Staunton

restrictive approach, a permissive approach or an intermediate approach. An analysis of the current status of ESCR will demonstrate that although the Irish courts seem to support the intermediate approach, the lack of legislative guidance has left the embryo without legal protection. This chapter argues that it is time for a national discussion on the status of the embryo. Such a discussion is necessary for a regulatory framework that both protects the embryo and accommodates ESCR. Ethical status of the embryo The importance of establishing the moral status of the embryo

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare
Abstract only
Regulating public ethics in the United Kingdom
David Hine
Gillian Peele

 fall. Finally, there is a quis custodiet? issue, which lies in the political delicacy of the regulator’s role in public ethics. Some of the offices being regulated – elected MPs, and other representatives – have their own claim to legitimacy within a democratic system and the regulators are themselves accountable to the regulated. The latter may therefore conclude that if they do not like the regulation being imposed upon them, they can replace them with other, more compliant, regulators. Categorising the regulatory framework Public integrity systems contain two distinct

in The regulation of standards in British public life
Elaine A. Byrne

of the quantity of amendments made to ethics legislation in recent years.21 This piecemeal approach was also reflected within the legislation governing the financing of Irish political parties. The Council of Europe Body, the group of states against corruption (GRECO), concluded in its 2009 evaluation report that Ireland’s ‘regulatory framework on political financing is very fragmented . . . [and] far from ideal’.22 The regulatory framework on political finances is indicative of the political approach to public ethics. The legislation often expresses objectives

in Political corruption in Ireland, 1922–2010
Bonnie Clementsson

onward, it was thus permitted to apply for dispensation for cousin marriages. In other words, the pressures exerted and the opposition to the prohibition resulted in some relaxation of the regulatory framework. 14 But this did not mean that the national debate on cousin marriages fell silent. The priesthood in particular continued to argue against such alliances. According to the reasoning of the clergy, God's meaning may be ambiguously worded; but the relationships were nevertheless clearly unsound, and for this reason

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Crisis, reform and recovery
Shalendra D. Sharma

agency. In fact, the agency not only “had to operate subject to intense political oversight, its effectiveness was compromised by a weak legal and regulatory framework and its need to obtain political authority, even for technical operations” (Enoch et al. 2001, 15). Nevertheless, the fact that IBRA’s restructuring agenda looked feasible raised hopes that finally something substantive was being done to deal with the country’s banking problems. On the basis of its review of the banks’ financial position, IBRA divided banks that had received substantial liquidity support

in The Asian financial crisis