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Re-membering the disabled in war-time Germany
Heather R. Perry

3 REHABILITATION NATION: RE-MEMBERING THE DISABLED IN WAR-TIME GERMANY The war-disabled should not be left to their pensions alone, rather they must be brought to productive and profitable activities, in order that they may feel like useful, self-assured, and independent members of our industrious national body [Glieder unseres arbeitsamen Volkskörpers]. (Meissner daily newspaper, 1916)1 Not until the war did orthopaedic practical therapy become the most obvious and self-evident treatment for injuries nor was it even applied in such wide scope before then. (‘On

in Recycling the disabled
Vanya Kovačič

The experiences shared by MSF staff and their patients advances our understanding of the rehabilitation process. But before we delve into this, it is essential to review the limitations of this research and to reflect on how to interpret the results. During the research a number of limitations emerged, including our sampling of participants. In addition, my role as

in Reconstructing lives
The Conservative Party and Africa from opposition to government
Danielle Beswick

Under David Cameron’s leadership from 2005 the Conservative Party embarked upon a campaign to rebrand the Party in the minds of voters. In the arena of international policy, a commitment to meet development spending targets and to maintain a separate Department for International Development marked significant shifts in Conservative approaches. Despite this, there is little analysis of the role of international development in rebranding, repositioning and redefining the Party. Even less attention has been paid to the particular role that Africa plays in these processes, in sharp contrast to extensive research on Africa’s role in relation to the self-identification and projected images of Labour Governments and leaders. This chapter begins to fill this gap. It analyses party documents, speeches by members of Cameron’s inner circle, and commentaries by Conservative media and the wider UK press to explore how Africa has featured in a narrative of change in relation to Conservative Party identity. In doing so it considers the role of Africa in defining a new Conservative identity as projected at three levels: within the Party, to potential voters and on an international stage.

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

contemporary armed conflicts, where the proportion is reversed, attesting to the excessive cruelty of these new wars. We are obviously not disputing the reality or horror of civilian-district bombings in Syria, which are only too real and sickening. What we are questioning is the relevance of the campaigns and public discourse aimed at rehabilitating IHL, supposedly better applied in the past, which – given how armed conflict has changed – has for some become an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Elyse Semerdjian

This article discusses how Armenians have collected, displayed and exchanged the bones of their murdered ancestors in formal and informal ceremonies of remembrance in Dayr al-Zur, Syria – the final destination for hundreds of thousands of Armenians during the deportations of 1915. These pilgrimages – replete with overlapping secular and nationalist motifs – are a modern variant of historical pilgrimage practices; yet these bones are more than relics. Bone rituals, displays and vernacular memorials are enacted in spaces of memory that lie outside of official state memorials, making unmarked sites of atrocity more legible. Vernacular memorial practices are of particular interest as we consider new archives for the history of the Armenian Genocide. The rehabilitation of this historical site into public consciousness is particularly urgent, since the Armenian Genocide Memorial Museum and Martyr’s Church at the centre of the pilgrimage site were both destroyed by ISIS (Islamic State in Syria) in 2014.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Andrew Atherstone

William Tyndale, the Bible translator and Reformation martyr, enjoyed a sudden revival of interest in the mid-nineteenth century. This article examines one important aspect of his Victorian rehabilitation – his memorialization in stone and bronze. It analyses the campaigns to,erect two monuments in his honour – a tower on Nibley Knoll in Gloucestershire, inaugurated in 1866; and a statue in central London, on the Thames Embankment, unveiled in 1884. Both enjoyed wide support across the political and ecclesiastical spectrum of Protestantism, and anti-Catholicism was especially prominent in the first initiative. Both monuments emphasized the blessings of the Bible in English, the importance of religious liberty, and the prosperity of England and the Empire as a result of its Reformation heritage. The article argues that controversy concerning Tractarianism and biblical criticism was brushed under the carpet, and Tyndales distinctive evangelical theology was deliberately downplayed, in order to present the martyr as a unifying figure attractive to a broad Protestant coalition.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
A Bibliographic Essay
Conseula Francis

Readers and critics alike, for the past sixty years, generally agree that Baldwin is a major African-American writer. What they do not agree on is why. Because of his artistic and intellectual complexity, Baldwin’s work resists easy categorization and Baldwin scholarship, consequently, spans the critical horizon. This essay provides an overview of the three major periods of Baldwin scholarship. 1963–73 is a period that begins with the publication of The Fire Next Time and sees Baldwin grace the cover of Time magazine. This period ends with Time declaring Baldwin too passé to publish an interview with him and with critics questioning his relevance. The second period, 1974–87, finds critics attempting to rehabilitate Baldwin’s reputation and work, especially as scholars begin to codify the African-American literary canon in anthologies and American universities. Finally, scholarship in the period after Baldwin’s death takes the opportunity to challenge common assumptions and silences surrounding Baldwin’s work. Armed with the methodologies of cultural studies and the critical insights of queer theory, critics set the stage for the current Baldwin renaissance.

James Baldwin Review
Catherine Akurut

women’ (quoted in Akurut, 2020 : 351). The difference in both form and impact of CRSV/M necessitates different strategies to address their needs ( Féron, 2017a : 343). Humanitarian organisations must rethink their inclusive approach to develop appropriate strategies to respond accurately to male victims ( Dennis and Minor, 2019 : 1481). This includes thinking about men who experience CRSV in the humanitarian policies and practices for SGBV rehabilitation ( Dolan

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

: Humanitarianism speaks in different languages. For example, it can play on the distress of the victims or on the efficacy of the aid, it can evoke sympathy for suffering humanity or praise the rescuers, and it can focus on relief of the body’s pain or on the ‘healing of souls’, as in the case of the [displaced person’s] rehabilitation through work and professional training (218) If humanitarianism speaks in many different languages, so do its images

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
Lasse Heerten
Arua Oko Omaka
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

Government initiated what it called the three Rs: Reconciliation, Reconstruction and Rehabilitation. It was an impressive initiative when it was announced, so people expected that the war victims would experience quick recovery from the trauma and damages caused by the war. But what happened after the war shows that it was just one of those political statements that were made to impress the anxious global community. So when you talk about the aftermath, you realise

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs