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Adaptation to global trade relations
Roberto Domínguez

Agreement (MGA) in 2020. One of the main goals of this chapter, along the lines of this book's premises, is to explain and discuss the complexity of EU–Mexican trade relations considering the challenges the global trade system is facing today. Under the gridlock analytical framework developed by Hale and Held ( 2017 ), this chapter argues that an adverse context and negative incentives motivated the decision to launch the 2016–20 MGA negotiations. In this regard the MGA is a mechanism of adaptation and resilience to advance the free-market liberal

in Latin America–European Union relations in the twenty-first century
Naomi Head

promises. The ‘communicative turn’ in international relations The influence of critical theory in IR emerged in the early 1980s, notably with the work of Robert Cox, Richard Ashley and Andrew Linklater. 9 Broadly speaking, critical theory can be split into four main strands: Frankfurt School critical theory, neo

in Justifying violence
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Bernadette C. Hayes and Ian McAllister

criticism of the peace process has been that while the Agreement has helped political elites to reach a compromise, it has had a detrimental effect on relations between ordinary citizens. In this view, the top-down politics introduced by the consociational power-sharing arrangements has entrenched sectarian political divisions and stifled local-level initiatives aimed at mutual understanding. As Anthony

in Conflict to peace
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Doing cosmology and transforming the self the Saiva way
Soumhya Venkatesan

3 Auto-relations: doing ­cosmology and transforming the self the Saiva way Soumhya Venkatesan I contend, in this chapter, that in order to understand certain projects of ethical self-cultivation or transformation, we must pay attention to the ontological, cosmological, and anthropological assumptions and ideas in relation to which these activities are enacted. Further, attempts to understand such projects of self-cultivation necessitate the addition to the standard focus on social relations (relations external to the self) of a new attentiveness to relations

in Framing cosmologies
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Ken Young

5 Difficult relations There is a lethargy prevalent which is obvious to anyone who stays around here very long … I think it probably stems from the original instructions Johnson was given when he came here, that his primary mission was to get along with the British. That still seems to be the primary mission and I say to you, not them, to hell with the British. Major-General Archie Old, May 1951 Managing the relationships between the separate elements of the USAF in Britain challenged military leadership, while managing relations between them and their British

in The American bomb in Britain
Philip Begley

Getting away with murder? Trade unions, their practices, and their political and economic impact were important issues throughout the 1970s. 1 Such was their significance that, according to different interpretations, this was either the period which marked the highpoint of trade unionism in British history, or it was the moment of victory for neoliberal critiques of trade unions and the beginning of the end for traditional industrial relations. 2 The Conservative Party is at the heart of these debates and was at the centre of many important

in The making of Thatcherism
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The Love Medicine tetralogy and Tales of Burning Love
David Stirrup

care is echoed in Marie’s attempted and Eli’s eventual adoption of June, and Marie’s fostering of Lipsha. The question of adoption speaks intimately to what several critics have identified as the centrality of mother–child relations in these novels. Tanrisal declares Marie Kashpaw a ‘super mother’, responding to her own losses by taking in children, being ‘rebuilt’ as she invests in them: ‘The Native American notion of “family” joins the individuals living together in one house because it includes spiritual kinship as well as clan membership

in Louise Erdrich

The peace process in Northern Ireland is associated with the signing of the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement, the arduous and lengthy implementation of this Agreement, and the continuing sectarianism in Northern Ireland. Despite the numerous and various studies about this case, no collection of scholarly analysis to date has attempted to assess a wide variety of theories prominent in International Relations (IR) that relate directly to the conflict in Northern Ireland, the peace process, and the challenges to consolidating peace after an agreement. IR scholars have recently written about and debated issues related to paradigms, border settlement and peace, the need to provide security and disarm combatants, the role of agents and ideas, gender and security, transnational movements and actors, the role of religions and religious institutions, the role of regional international organizations, private sector promotion of peace processes, economic aid and peacebuilding, the emergence of complex cooperation even in the world of egoists, and the need for reconciliation in conflict torn societies. How do the theories associated with these issues apply in the context of Northern Ireland’s peace process? Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland explores primarily middle-range theories of International Relations and examines these theories in the context of the important case of Northern Ireland.

Steve Marsh

INTRODUCTION Anglo-American relations assumed their modern form as a result of pre-existing sentiment, interests, and shared experiences being given shape through discourse and, especially, their encapsulation in a simple, easily identifiable, and preferential nomenclature: the special relationship. Yet there is an anomaly in play. On the one hand, the term is nowadays instantly recognizable shorthand for Anglo-American relations. On the other, it gained political and popular traction only from the 1950s onwards, after the objective peak of what it is

in Culture matters
Mara A. Leichtman

Introduction Scholarship, media and policy reports have begun to examine Africa as a new arena for competition between Saudi Arabia and Iran, especially in relation to the implications of the Yemeni civil war (2015–present) and Qatar–Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) crisis (2017–21) on the Horn of Africa. 1 To contextualise this recent focus, this chapter will outline the history of relations between the Gulf countries and Africa. Whereas GCC countries are often examined as a

in The Gulf States and the Horn of Africa