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Religion and power in the Frankish Kingdoms: studies in honour of Mayke de Jong

This book, written in honour of Mayke De Jong, offers twenty-five essays focused upon the importance of religion to Frankish politics. It deals with religious discourse and political polemic in studies that take up the themes of identity, and the creative deployment of the language of the Old Testament within Frankish society. The book explores how the use of ethnic rhetoric in a Christian context shaped medieval perceptions of community. It shows that the Carolingian way of dealing with the Adoptionist challenge was to allow a conversation between the Spanish bishops and their Frankish opponents to take place. Charlemagne's role in the Vita Alcuini as a guardian of orthodoxy who sought to settle a controversy by organising and supervising a theological debate was striking. The book also discusses the admonition of an abbot of Frankish origin who came from southern France and made his monastic career in southern Italy. It showcases three letter manuscripts that share certain features but are different in other aspects. The first manuscript is a collection of the Moral Letters from Seneca to his pupil Lucilius , Paris , BnF, lat. 8658A. The book demonstrates that the lists of amici, viventes et defuncti reflected how the royal monastery was interacting with ruling elites, at different levels, and how such interactions were an essential part of its identity. It also examines the context of Monte Cassino's fading into the background, in the conviction that both political and religious concerns were at play.

Margret Fetzer

, interests. But the general thrust of my argument actually does make a statement on Donne’s religious identity: a theory of performativity goes hand in hand with a particular conception of language and identity that also has consequences for religious discourse and personal faith. Religion, as, for example, my interpretation of Donne’s ‘Holy Sonnets’ has suggested, is a matter of performance. By this I do not mean to imply that religious faith is pretentious or illusory; 272 John Donne’s Performances my intention has been to emphasise that personal and religious

in John Donne’s Performances
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Rosamond McKitterick

bear witness to the ways in which Mayke’s work has inspired further reflection, whether to complement her insights or build upon them. The editors have commissioned chapters with a strong theme  – religion and power in the Frankish Kingdom  – and have created a coherent book rather than a miscellany of papers. They have neatly organised the book to embrace the principal themes of both Mayke’s own interests and contributions to scholarship, and the work she has inspired among her students. The first set of chapters are concerned with religious discourse and political

in Religious Franks
The Non-Naturals in early modern culture and society
Sandra Cavallo

, which draws on the expertise of scholars who are not simply medical historians but contribute to medical history from a range of perspectives: art history, history of material culture, of philosophy and ideas, and religious discourse. Reflecting this variety of viewpoints, essays in this collection also rely on a broad range of sources: from landscape painting to surviving ceramics, from religious tracts and sermons to personal correspondence and diaries, and to debates on aspects of natural philosophy. The volume thus significantly expands the range of media which in

in Conserving health in early modern culture
Catholicism, gender and race in two novels by Louise Erdrich
Sinéad Moynihan

with Mark Anthony Rolo (2004) 2 This chapter examines the enduring significance of religion as a category of identity in contemporary US society, analysing the ways in which religious discourse overlaps with raced and gendered identities in two novels by contemporary German American-Ojibway writer Louise Erdrich. In so doing, I wish to highlight the fact that in identity politics, certain categories have been, and still are, scrutinised more than others. Perhaps because of scholars

in Passing into the present
Editor: Gareth Atkins

This collection of essays examines the place of ‘saints’ and sanctity in nineteenth-century Britain. It argues that holy men and women were pivotal in religious discourse, as subjects of veneration and inter-confessional contention. Protestants were as fascinated by such figures as Catholics were. Long after the mechanisms of canonization had disappeared, they continued not only to engage with the saints of the past but continued to make their own saints in all but name. Just as strikingly, it claims that devotional practices and language were not the property of orthodox Christians alone. Even in an age of confessional strife, doubt and secularisation, devotional practices and language remained central to how both Christians and their opponents reflected on that changing world. Making and remaking saints is significant, then, because until now no-one has explored how sainthood remained significant in this period both as an enduring institution and as a fruitful metaphor that could be transposed into unexpected contexts. Each of the chapters in this volume focuses on the reception of a particular individual or group. Together they will attract not just historians of religion, but those concerned with material culture, the cult of history, and with the reshaping of British identities in an age of faith and doubt

Paul Sargent

Chapter 4 examines the range of rationalities that underpin the Irish juvenile justice system. By examining numerous official and unofficial reports as well as other relevant historical literature not accessed before in this context, this chapter unpicks the main governmental rationalities that occupy this space and traces the key lines of government. Recent rationalities to emerge in this regard are those of ‘community’ and ‘citizenship’. Rationalities such as social work, probation and psychology began to gain prominence in the 1960s as the dominant religious discourses began to be challenged. Although the reformatory and industrial school system has been replaced, the underlying rationality of reformation remains active within the juvenile justice field. This chapter highlights the fact that the Irish juvenile justice system is currently underpinned by a wide range of rationalities including, risk, social work, community, youth work and psy expertise.

in Wild Arabs and savages
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Reflections on harming the innocent
Thomas Pogge

The countries of the developed West are fighting a war on terror. Public attention to terrorism serves important domestic constituencies. Public attention to terrorism also serves the interests of politicians, especially incumbents. The only question that needs to be asked, from terrorist's point of view, is whether the attacks serve or set back the general cause on whose behalf they are launched. The moral reflection looks at relevant empirical evidence and also at other, less difficult moral questions or decisions that may be analogous or related in some way to the problem at hand. Thomas Pogge argues that the terrorists have made no serious attempt to engage in religious discourse about what God commands in relation to killing and harming innocent human beings. Most of the harm the terrorists inflicted on innocent people was not necessary for promoting the alleged good they sought and quite possibly even counter-productive.

in ‘War on terror’
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Michael Harrigan

The introduction explores the socio-economic, religious, and intellectual context of Caribbean slavery, in a frontier environment marked by demographic transformation. Slavery reflected on the understanding of society and the individual, and was understood through religious discourses and the heritage of antiquity. This book discusses, firstly, the importance to slavery of what French observers called condition; this can be illuminated through anthropological approaches, nuanced by acknowledging the transformative nature of slavery. Secondly, it explores what was new about corporeal labour in the plantation context. Thirdly, it discusses the use of strategies for purposes such as religious conversion or temporal gain, particularly the use of the script. This chapter highlights the fact that critics have focused little on the earliest Caribbean colonies and on the question of human labour. Interdisciplinary approaches from the fields of history, literature, and the social sciences are valuable, but a new approach is called for which both recognises what was shared in the thinking of colonial commentators, and what was heterogeneous in the strategies they used to obtain diverse forms of interest. The introduction ends by summarising the principal printed and manuscript sources analysed in this book.

in Frontiers of servitude
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Post-war modernity and religious vocations
Carmen Mangion

Chapter 1 provides a snapshot of the Catholic Church engaging with the modern world in the 1940s and 1950s. It examines both the global and the national Church and is the backstory to the remaining chapters, asserting a significant prehistory to the Second Vatican Council. It surveys young women’s place in the modern world of the 1940s and 1950s, considering their opportunities and their decision to enter religious life through an analysis of the ‘vocation story’. It links the specificities of their life histories to the growing global, national and institutional awareness that fewer women were saying ‘yes’ to religious life. The 1950s was often remembered as a golden age ‘when novitiates were bursting’. The archives suggest a different story that features the paucity of women crossing the monastic threshold. This phenomenon was addressed in various ways. Pope Pius XII’s apostolic constitution Sponsa Christi (1950) and subsequent international congresses advocated a renewal of religious life. Modern approaches were employed to develop a more sophisticated means of vocation promotion that was direct, public-facing and professional. The new religious discourse on the ‘modern world’ acknowledged that religious life must modernise to become more relevant and attractive to Catholic women.

in Catholic nuns and sisters in a secular age