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J. F. Merritt

The social world of early modern Westminster Chapter 9 Religious life and religious politics c.1558–1640 E ARLIER chapters have charted the many long-term changes to the social and cultural life of Westminster. Many of these changes, however, were played out against a background of substantial religious change, especially during the successive Tudor ‘reformations’. The Elizabethan settlement marked the end of this series of revolutions in religious legislation, but the working out of its implications for the religious life of the area was to be a drawn

in The social world of early modern Westminster
Abbey, court and community 1525–1640
Author: J. F. Merritt

Early modern Westminster is familiar as the location of the Royal Court at Whitehall, parliament, the law courts and the emerging West End, yet it has never been studied in its own right. This book reveals the often problematic relations between the diverse groups of people who constituted local society - the Court, the aristocracy, the Abbey, the middling sort and the poor - and the competing visions of Westminster's identity which their presence engendered. There were four parishes in Westminster at the turn of the sixteenth century. The parishes of St Martin's and St Margaret's have been identified as two of only eighteen English parishes for which continuous and detailed parish records survive for the turbulent period 1535-1570. Differences in social organization, administrative structure and corporate life in the two parishes also provide a study in contrasts. These crucial differences partly shaped forms of lay piety in each parish as well as their very different responses to the religious reformations of Henry VIII and his children. The death of Henry VIII heralded important changes in Westminster. Most strikingly, however, this was a period of major religious change, in stark contrast to the piecemeal changes of Henry's reign. The dissolution of Westminster's abbey gave rise to special problems. The book examines individuals who wielded the most influence at the local government; as well as the social identity of these parish elites. Finally, it explores the interaction of religion with the social and political developments observed in the post-Reformation town.

The religious politics of burial
Julie Rugg

3981 Churchyard and cemetery:Layout 1 3/7/13 08:47 Page 172 6 ‘No differences are so deep as those which arise over the grave’:1 the religious politics of burial It has been commented – not least by this writer – that the introduction of the cemetery undermined the Church of England’s near-monopoly of burial provision. Evidence from changing burial provision in North Yorkshire provokes a return to that supposition, and raises the question of how far the Church of England did indeed lose control of burial space in the second half of the nineteenth century

in Churchyard and cemetery
The lump-child and its parents in The King of Tars
Jane Gilbert

the lump in order to show how its treatment throws into relief the different configurations of paternity and maternity, of gender roles and of religious politics put forward in a range of re-tellings. Three kinds of critical analysis are put forward, progressively narrowing the focus of study. Building on Lillian Herlands Hornstein’s impressive scholarship, I begin by studying analogues of KT drawn from medieval chronicles; these analogues allow an appreciation of features shared by the different narratives. The second section turns to the Auchinleck text of KT

in Pulp fictions of medieval England
Alison Findlay

gender order and in contemporary religious politics. Witchcraft functions as a metaphor for threats posed by unruly subjects whose actions challenged the authority of their paternal masters, both secular and spiritual. By turning from the ‘real’ witches ‘still visible’ in London, to their fictional substitutes personated by boy actors and displayed on the stage, we can explore how the witches can be read as a projection of deviant extremism on the part of non-conforming women and religious dissidents. The feminist critic Sandra Gilbert

in The Lancashire witches
Semantics and the Scottish diaspora
Paul Basu

migration’ and ‘return movement’ are sometimes used interchangeably in migration studies literature, there is actually a significant difference between them. Whilst migration is undoubtedly movement, a movement is, of course, more than migration: it may be a collective project, a cause or campaign. There are religious movements, political movements, aesthetic movements. In diasporic contexts there are return movements such as Zionism and Rastafarianism, movements that are at once religious, political and aesthetic. With the

in Emigrant homecomings
Renaissance emotion across body and soul
Erin Sullivan

accounting for both local contexts and the influence of multiple intellectual frameworks (medical, religious, political and philosophical) in the study of early modern emotion. Thomas Wright: philosopher, theologian, controversialist In order to appreciate Wright’s The Passions in greater contextual detail, it is necessary to understand more about

in The Renaissance of emotion
Visions of episcopacy in seventeenth-century France

This book explores how conceptions of episcopacy (government of a church by bishops) shaped the identity of the bishops of France in the wake of the reforming Council of Trent (1545–63). It demonstrates how the episcopate, initially demoralised by the Wars of Religion, developed a powerful ideology of privilege, leadership and pastorate that enabled it to become a flourishing participant in the religious, political and social life of the ancien regime. The book analyses the attitudes of Tridentine bishops towards their office by considering the French episcopate as a recognisable caste, possessing a variety of theological and political principles that allowed it to dominate the French church.

Preaching, polemic and Restoration nonconformity

This book explores the religious, political and cultural implications of a collision of highly charged polemic prompted by the mass ejection of Puritan ministers from the Church of England in 1662, providing an in-depth study of this heated exchange centring on the departing ministers' farewell sermons. Many of these valedictions, delivered by hundreds of dissenting preachers in the weeks before Bartholomew's Day, would be illegally printed and widely distributed, provoking a furious response from government officials, magistrates and bishops. The book re-interprets the political significance of ostensibly moderate Puritan clergy, arguing that their preaching posed a credible threat to the restored political order.

Simon Mabon

tribal, ethnic, religious, political and ideological loyalties, regulating life within the city is of paramount importance for regime survival. As such, the city is the arena through which networks of patronage  –​family, tribal, religious or bureaucratic  –​ can be mobilised to retain power. While legal structures go some way to restricting agency, norms have also been used to reduce the capacity of civil society to challenge regime stability. The governance of a city goes beyond enforcing the laws of a state as it also aims at letting life live. But the city is also

in Houses built on sand