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Discourses on the real in performance practice and theory, 1990–2010
Author: Liz Tomlin

This book examines how new performance practices from the 1990s to the present day have been driven by questions of the real and the ensuing political implications of the concept's rapidly disintegrating authority. The first part of the book addresses the existing poststructuralist narrative of radicalism that currently dominates contemporary performance theory, and seeks to deconstruct its conclusions. It first traces the artistic and philosophical developments that laid the ground for the sustained twentieth-century interrogations of theatrical representations of the real. It examines the emergence of the discursive act which aligned the narrative of radicalism exclusively with such interrogations. The book also examines how key strands of Derrida's poststructuralist critique have been applied to performance practice to strengthen the ideological binary opposition between 'dramatic' representations of the real and 'postdramatic' deconstructions of representational practice. The second part of the book embarks on an ideological examination of a wide spectrum of performance models that share an engagement with the problematics of representation and the real. It directs this investigation specifically towards an analysis of the representations of 'real' people in performances which adopt verbatim methodologies drawn from the documentary theatre tradition. The book continues to explore performance environments that break down the dichotomy of performer/spectator and seeks to replace mediated representations with experiential realities.

Representation and the real in the twentieth-century avant-gardes
Liz Tomlin

postmodernist performance to examine how the tension between representational practice and work that seeks to challenge or undermine such practice prevails as a defining feature of new performance practices into the twenty-first century. By interrogating the ideological ambiguities that still underpin studies of both the historical and the neo-avant-gardes this chapter seeks to provide a particular historical lens through which to investigate the ensuing theories and practices that will form the basis of this study. Quest for the ‘real’ Whilst the early modernist movement of

in Acts and apparitions
Experiential challenges to the medium of theatrical representation
Liz Tomlin

, it exhausts itself in the staging of meaning’ (Baudrillard, 2007: 101, original emphasis). In other words, the very process of mediation threatens to consume its own content; the staging comes to replace that which is staged. This chapter will thus conduct an examination of specific performance models that attempt to circumvent the mediation process inherent in the representational practice discussed so far, in their rejection of a theatrical framework that ‘stages meaning’ and thus mediates between its material and its watching audience. The alternative models of

in Acts and apparitions
Visualising obesity as a public health concern in 1970s and 1980s Britain
Jane Hand

information films and the work of the commercial television station ITV in providing ancillary educative content through the documentary format. These examples represent only a small proportion of the poster and filmic material produced during this time on the subject of nutrition, diet and chronic disease, but they reveal some of the ways in which scientific knowledge about dietetics and disease causation were entangled in a range of cultural and representational practices focused on tropes of gender, body image and the ‘cult’ of slimming. By coding disease risk in terms

in Balancing the self
Abstract only
Liz Tomlin

that looks to reroute the anti-theatrical critique of representational practice, previously seen as inherent to all theatre, towards the conventions of specifically dramatic theatre. Through this misalignment, I argue, a long-standing binary has been consolidated, which this study seeks to deconstruct. As Chapter 1 outlines, this binary opposition is played out in various calibrations, the most familiar of which include performance against theatre (when theatre is understood as dramatic theatre), performance theatre against dramatic theatre, devised theatre against

in Acts and apparitions
The birth of television advertising
Sean Nixon

in Britain. At the same time, American television advertising also represented a system of advertising and ‘sponsored’ television which practitioners sought to define British television advertising against.11 If American influences helped smooth the transition to the new system of television advertising, then what emerged was not simply a copy of US advertising. US techniques were adapted, revised and combined with more local cultural resources, both in terms of personnel and representational practices, that helped to shape a distinctive tradition of British

in Hard sell
Analytical techniques
Christopher Baker-Beall

geographical territory from one place to another is certainly a material reality, but it means nothing outside of the discursive and representational practices that give the action meaning. It is only when ‘Europe’ and ‘Syria’ are applied to the geographical territories that the individual is travelling between that meaning is created. However, the purpose for which the individual is travelling remains uncertain until discursive practices constitute that individual as a ‘refugee’, an ‘economic migrant’ or a ‘returning foreign fighter’.25 As Doty tells us, what is really

in The European Union’s fight against terrorism
The aporias and prospects of cosmopolitan visuality
Fuyuki Kurasawa

represent limit-experiences (because it does violence to or trivializes their ruptural quality), must be taken seriously. At the same time, the distortion of the real and the ineffable quality of catastrophes can be confronted and worked through with forms of cosmopolitan representational practice that critically engage with the image. Surely, then, the issue is not whether visual representations of instances of distant suffering should exist or not – as 137 5302P Democracy MUP-PT/lb.qxd 138 23/10/09 16:08 Page 138 ALTERITY AS A CRISIS FOR DEMOCRACY though an anti

in Democracy in crisis
Natalie Bormann

constitute that which has become understood as the ‘American’ self (Campbell 1998a, 91). As has been argued, there is no a priori identity to the state. Thus, what is understood to be the United States of America in terms of its being ‘American’ has no meaning as such in itself. Therefore, America is dependent on representational practices to construe what constitutes an American identity.6 To argue that NMD is one of a set of such practices means to locate it within a series of past performances. Hannah Arendt (1973) offers a valuable perspective on the ‘origin’ of US

in National missile defence and the politics of US identity
Abstract only
Representation, recognition and respect in world politics
Constance Duncombe

Encounters that mainstream IR has consistently ignored the importance of representation, to the point where a ‘politics of refusal’ has evolved that denies the existence of an ‘infinity of traces that have been deposited in “us” and have served to constitute “us” vis-à-vis “them”’. 12 Such refusal serves to generate a superficial understanding of the concepts of power and agency in world politics because representational practices inform how state identity is created and have a direct effect on the engagement with and performance of agency. Power is therefore intricately

in Representation, recognition and respect in world politics