History through material culture provides a practical introduction for researchers who wish to use objects and material culture as primary sources for the study of the past. The book focuses primarily on the period 1500 to the present day, but the principles put forward are equally applicable to studies of earlier historical eras. Histories of the last five centuries have been driven to a remarkable extent by textual records and it is with this in mind that History through material culture offers researchers a step-by-step guide to approaching the material evidence that survives from this period. Anticipating that many researchers will feel under-skilled or lacking in confidence in tackling artefacts of the past, the book traces the process of research from the framing of research questions through to the writing up of findings – giving particular attention to the ways in which objects can be located, accessed and understood. This practical guidance is augmented by the use of examples of seminal and contemporary scholarship in this interdisciplinary field, so that readers can see how particular approaches to sources have been used to develop historical narratives and arguments. It is written in accessible and jargon-free language with clear explanations of more complex discourses. In this way, the book demystifies both the process of researching objects and the way research practice relates to published scholarship.
This book makes the case for a pragmatist approach to the practice of social inquiry and knowledge production. Through diverse examples from multiple disciplines, contributors explore the power of pragmatism to inform a practice of inquiry that is democratic, community-centred, problem-oriented and experimental. Drawing from both classical and neo-pragmatist perspectives, the book advances a pragmatist sensibility in which truth and knowledge are contingent rather than universal, made rather than found, provisional rather than dogmatic, subject to continuous experimentation rather than ultimate proof and verified in their application in action rather than in the accuracy of their representation of an antecedent reality. The power of pragmatism offers a path forward for mobilizing the practice of inquiry in social research, exploring the implications of pragmatism for the process of knowledge production.
final approval on what they have said is
• When you compose your interview questions, think about what
you want to find out and how to elicit this information. Be aware
that asking open questions can break the ice, but they can also
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140 using film as a source
elicit a great deal of unfocused or generic information. You should
be prepared to use a combination of general and specific, open
and closed questions to gain information.
It is usually best to begin with a
person to explore what a dataset means is often the very person to
whom it refers. Perhaps more significantly for anthropology, this
approach offers ethnographic opportunities that are hard to come by
in other ways. Data evokes the past without fully predefining it, and
that opens up conversations between researcher and the participants
who understand the context behind it.
My first goal for this chapter, then, is to describe in a relatively
straightforward way what this researchpractice involves for those who
Experiments in/of data and ethnography
The chapter is organised as follows. The next section discusses Lefebvre's thinking for doing rhythmanalysis and considers rhythmanalysis as a fundamentally embodied and sensory researchpractice. Following on from this, I discuss my own research from three starting points: learning to feel rhythm; attending to rhythm; and the use of audio-visual techniques to record rhythm and reveal what our senses cannot directly perceive. In my critical reflections on these approaches, I highlight their limitations, in particular the restricted spatial and temporal frames of
as for our academic subjectivity and public identity as ‘researchers’. This book seeks to elucidate those changes and to address some of the challenges impeding their realisation.
In the remainder of this introduction, we set out the historical development of the pragmatist tradition and its core ideas, before exploring its application to social research, past and present. We then make a strong case for pragmatic social research, outline its key components and highlight its implications for researchpractice and outcomes. In the penultimate section, we address
-based research and enquiry
arts-based learning’, in J.M. Dirkx (ed.), Adult Learning and the Emotional Self, San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 65–78.
Leavy, P. (2009), Method Meets Art: Arts-based ResearchPractice, New York: The Guilford
McNiff, S. (2008), ‘Art-based research’, in J.G. Knowles and A.L. Cole (eds), Handbook
of the Arts in Qualitative Research: Perspectives, Methodologies, Examples, and Issues,
Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 29–40.
Sullivan, A.M. (2004), ‘Poetry as research: development of poetic craft & the relations of
craft and utility’, Journal of Critical
This book contributes to the study of science and politics by shedding light on sometimes dark, hidden or ignored aspects of openness as a core policy agenda. While opening up of science to public scrutiny and public deliberation is good in principle, various dilemmas and problems are entailed by this move, which also should be made public and be discussed more openly. Developed as a solution to perceived crises in science/society relations, openness and transparency initiatives might hide ‘monsters’ that need to be made visible and need to be examined. Chapters in this book deal with four themes: transparency in the context of science in the public sphere; responsibility in the context of in contemporary research practice and governance, both globally and locally; experts in the context of policy-making, risk assessment and the regulation of science; and faith in the context of tensions and misunderstandings between science and religion. Each section of the book contains an opening essay by experts on a particular theme (Mark Brown, Benjamin Worthy, Barbara Prainsack/Sabina Leonelli, Chris Toumey). The book closes with an epilogue by Stephen Turner and an essay by John Holmwood. At present, openness in science is more important than ever. This book should be of interest to academics and members of the public who want to know more about the challenges and opportunities of 'making science public' - the theme of a Leverhulme Trust funded research programme on which this book is based.
This handbook is written for patients and members of the public who want to
understand more about the approaches, methods and language used by
health-services researchers. Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is
now a requirement of most major health-research programmes, and this book is
designed to equip these individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary for
meaningful participation. Edited by award-winning mental-health researchers, the
book has been produced in partnership with mental-health-service users and
carers with experience of research involvement. It includes personal reflections
from these individuals alongside detailed information on quantitative,
qualitative and health-economics research methods, and comprehensively covers
all the basics needed for large-scale health research projects: systematic
reviews; research design and analysis using both qualitative and quantitative
approaches; health economics; research ethics; impact and dissemination. This
book was developed during a five-year research programme funded by the UK’s
National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) called Enhancing the Quality of
User Involved Care Planning in Mental Health Services (EQUIP). The handbook
clearly outlines research practices, and gives an insight into how public and
patient representatives can be involved in them and shape decisions. Each
chapter ends with a reflective exercise, and there are also some suggested
sources of additional reading. People who get involved in health research as
experts from experience now have a textbook to support their research
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus
This section critically reflects on the role of emotions in fieldwork,
particularly when researching ‘sensitive subjects’ that have serious
implications for both research participants and the researcher. Using
examples from our own research practice, particularly in focus groups, we
consider the ethics of research in a broad sense, including the effects on
researchers, research partners, and participants of both conducting
research, and the choices made in the process of researching.