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Alexander Morrison

9 Refugees, resettlement and revolutionary violence in Semirech’e after the 1916 revolt Alexander Morrison Few aspects of the 1916 Central Asian Revolt are more controversial than the measures taken by the Russian Imperial authorities for its suppression. The Russian military historian Andrei Ganin regards these as entirely justified by the violence inflicted on Russian settlers by “savage” Kazakhs and Kyrgyz in July and August 1916, while he also assumes that they were limited to operations of the regular army against armed groups of rebels.1 By contrast, most

in The Central Asian Revolt of 1916
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

with individuals from refugee backgrounds. The book addresses the overarching question of how individuals from refugee backgrounds use digital technology to fulfil their communication and information needs. In doing so, Leung describes the scenarios and challenges that refugees face in the three stages that typically describe their journeys: before displacement, during displacement (in transit, refugee camps or detention centres) and resettlement. In her analysis, she rejects the simplistic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse
Juliano Fiori

Introduction London, 10 September 2018 Since 2015, more than one and a half million people have traversed the Mediterranean, seeking asylum in Europe. The EU has been negotiating their screening and resettlement outside of Europe. European governments have closed some ports and borders to them. And neofascist groups from across Europe have rallied on the ground and online to prevent their entry. Thousands have died at sea. Multinational NGOs like Médecins Sans Frontières and Save the Children have carried out search

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma, Yvonne Su, and Angelie Genotiva

government’s 40-meter no-build zone ( Figure 1 ). This allowed our team to gather substantive primary data from household members who experienced Haiyan but were not relocated. As of 2020, approximately 75,000 people from about 15,000 households have relocated to the 31 resettlement sites ( Tacloban City Housing and Community Development Office, 2020 ). Residents of Sagkahan are primarily lower income households. It is a densely populated settlement near the coastline. Given their proximity to the water, the residents experienced at first hand the typhoon’s ferocious

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

and accompanying bureaucratisation also contributed to shaping témoignage practices. As governments started instrumentalising humanitarian action to further their own ends – like in Ethiopia in the early 1980s to promote forced resettlement – témoignage became a means for MSF to resist such manipulation. MSF denounced the government’s forced relocation policies, shedding light on the human-induced character of the famine ( Weissman, 2011 : 34

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

stateless and the internally displaced, or the refugee from the local resident, each affected in their own way by the war. Other than his captions, there is little that distinguishes the refugees he photographed from other war-touched civilians he portrayed across Europe. Hine’s captions remain mute on the loss of political representation, or of the difficulties faced by some political, ethnic or religious groups versus others in (re)settling. This lack of detail may be the result of the broad and imprecise concept of refugees Hine was operating with. It is also a sign of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Refugees in the era of the Great War

This book talks about the mass displacement of civilians, estimated to be 14 to 15 million, in the twentieth-century Europe during the First World War. It looks at the causes and consequences of the refugee crisis and its aftermath, and the attempts to understand its significance. Key sites of displacement extended from Belgium to Armenia, taking in France, Italy, Austria-Hungary, East Prussia, the Russian Empire, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey and Serbia. The German army's occupation of Belgium, France, Poland and Lithuania prompted the mass flight of refugees, as did Russia's invasion of East Prussia in 1914. Jewish, Ruthenian and Polish civilians in the Habsburg Empire fled their homes or were deported by the military to distant locations. Following Italy's attack on Austria-Hungary in May 1915, the Habsburg authorities ordered around 100,000 Slovenian subjects of the empire to leave. The Austrian and Bulgarian invasion of Serbia brought about a humanitarian catastrophe as civilians and the remnants of the Serbian army sought safety elsewhere. However, mass flight of civilian refugees did not begin in 1914 nor did it come to an end in 1918. Muslim refugees fled to the relative safety of Anatolia in order to escape violent persecution by Bulgarian and other forces during the Balkan Wars on 1912-13. There were complex movements of population between Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey before 1914. The complex process of repatriation and resettlement affected soldiers and civilians alike and rarely took place in stable or peaceful circumstances.

The politics of Hmong refugee resettlement in the United States
Chia Youyee Vang

. The majority of refugees were transformed from self-sufficient villagers to traumatized, stateless exiles dependent on the assistance of international agencies. This chapter critiques the ways in which US refugee resettlement law and practices regulate Hmong refugee lives in order to make them the perfect low-wage employee. I demonstrate that state-centered discourses about refugees show little concern with the actual experiences and desires of refugees themselves. Since the international humanitarian regime fashions the modern refugee as a

in Displacement
Abstract only
Legal and environmental barriers to resettlement
Laura Jeffery

Postscript Legal and environmental ­barriers to ­resettlement Throughout their decades in exile, Chagossian groups have focused on their campaigns for compensation and the right to return to Chagos, while other ­interest groups have worked against the resettlement of the Chagos Archipelago. ­According to the terms of the 1966 Exchange of Notes, the UK Government made Diego Garcia available for US defence purposes for an initial period of fifty years, renewable for a further twenty years. Given the military significance of the US base on Diego Garcia, it seems

in Chagos islanders in Mauritius and the UK
Ian Connor

refugees already residing within its borders.6 It was not until the establishment in September 1945 of the Central Agency for German Resettlers (Zentralverwaltung für deutsche Umsiedler, ZVU) that the German authorities began to come to terms with the expellee problem. Reception camps were set up where the expellees were registered and given a medical examination. By the beginning of 1946 more than 350 of these camps were in operation7 but the conditions were invariably deplorable. Most refugees spent several weeks in a reception camp before being sent to a more

in Refugees and expellees in post-war Germany