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Finding a sustainable future in the neo-liberal university
Alice Garner
Diane Kirkby

188 10 ‘In the climate of continuing financial restraint’: Finding a sustainable future in the neo-​liberal university The election of Ronald Reagan as US president in 1980 heralded the arrival of a new era for the Fulbright Program. Policies profoundly opposed to government intervention were to transform the relationship of public institutions and programs to their sources  of funding and the political support of their programs.1 Free market economics promising increased wealth brought major cutbacks in government spending across the board. Public

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action 1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

limits’ ( ICRC, 2019 ). Humanitarianism, thus, can be understood as aimed at ‘spread[ing] a culture … of restraint in war’ ( Slim, 1998 ). Gender norms and inequalities play a role in shaping threats and the behaviour of perpetrators. Feminist scholarship has made significant contributions to our understanding of how gender norms shape – and are shaped by – wars. For example, images of heroic masculinities (i.e. the idea that men fight

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Writing about Personal Experiences of Humanitarianism
Róisín Read
Tony Redmond
, and
Gareth Owen

sector more publicly grapples with. TR: I agree. However, the personal regard for those who you have worked with does place restraints on how far you will go with criticisms when inevitably they will land on an individual. When I started writing I was determined to have no filter. My plan was to give an unexpurgated version to the editor and then go through it with them. However, as soon as I began formulating my thoughts on events I found a sometimes surprising sympathy for those whom I had previously felt criticism. Looking back on things, and seeing everything in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

called for a more pugnacious form of témoignage reliant on naming and shaming techniques; on the other, a group that formed around the medical newspaper, Tonus , preached restraint, preferring to foreground suffering over causes ( Givoni, 2011 ). Volunteer témoignage focused on what one saw, thus helping skirt the thorny issue of ascribing blame and responsibility. Even if a volunteer expressed political views, it could not be considered as an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

the first Geneva Convention, Article 1 of which states that ‘Ambulances 2 and military hospitals shall be recognized as neutral, and as such, protected and respected by the belligerents as long as they accommodate wounded and sick’. From that perspective, neutrality is a principle of restraint that should apply to the belligerents, not humanitarian organisations. We might add, if only to better appreciate how far we have come from that first Convention, that it allowed for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The making of the social subject
Mark Haugaard

perspective this misses something fundamental: the practical consciousness processes that created the elite social subjects who consider these models felicitous in the first place. It also misses why the less powerful often embrace their 4-D subjectification. Let us begin with a bottom-up perspective, then top-down. These models dovetail neatly as both have push and pull factors and are separate only analytically. Competition for self-restraint Elias describes a dual process of sociogenesis and psychogenesis, whereby the psychological social formation of a social

in The four dimensions of power

Brian McFarlane’s The never-ending Brief Encounter is above all a book intended for those who have seen and never forgotten the famous 1945 film in which two decent, middle-class people meet by chance, unexpectedly fall in love, but in the end acknowledge the claims of others. The book grew out of an article, the writing of which revealed that there was so much more to the after-life of the film than the author had realised. This book examines David Lean’s film in sufficient detail to bring its key situations vividly to life, and to give an understanding of how it reworks Nöel Coward’s somewhat static one-act play to profound effect. It also examines the ways in which the ‘comic relief’ is made to work towards the poignant ending. However, the main purpose of the book is to consider the remarkable after-life the film has given rise to. The most specific examples of this phenomenon are, of course, the appalling film remake with its miscast stars, and the later stage versions – both bearing the original title and attracting well-known players and positive audience and critical response – and an opera! As well, there are films and TV series which have ‘quoted’ the film (usually via black-and-white inserts) as commentary on the action of the film or series. There are many other films that, without direct quotation, seem clearly to be echoing their famous predecessor; for example, in the haunting visual quality of a deserted railway platform.

Open Access (free)
Anthony Coates

widely, if not universally, accepted. Yet this transformation is not without its dangers. It poses a threat not just to the theory of just war – compromising its critical force and utility – but also to the practice that the theory seeks to shape or influence. Classically and, it seems, authentically, just war theory is aimed more at the restraint of war than it is at its justification. Upholding the moral primacy of peace over

in Political concepts
Abstract only
The emotional economy of interwar Britain
Lucy Noakes

reshaped sense of British national identity that emphasised reasonableness and restraint.21 The emphasis on a militarised masculinity, so central to late Victorian and Edwardian concepts of the British national character, seemed increasingly out of place in a nation that had experienced four years of total, industrial warfare, and that was desperate to avoid the worst of the civil violence and instability that plagued much of Europe in the postwar period.22 In its place developed a sense of Britain as a ‘uniquely peaceable kingdom’, inhabited by a temperate people who

in Dying for the nation
Matt Matravers
Susan Mendus

interpretation it is possible to discern two aspects of reasonableness, one epistemological, the other moral. Our aim in this chapter is to examine two arguments that purport to underpin the move from the reasonableness of pluralism to the injustice of imposition. On the one hand, there are those (including, for the most part, Rawls) who hold that, since pluralism about conceptions of the good is reasonable, we must not, in attempting to settle questions of justice, invoke the truth of any conception of the good. This is the method of avoidance (or of epistemological restraint

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies