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A spirited exchange 1760-1960
Editor: Avril Horner

The essays in this book demonstrate the importance of translation and European writing in the development of the Gothic novel. Cross-cultural exchanges occurred with the translation of novels by English writers into French. The book first situates works by British writers and American writers within a European context and legacy. Next, it offers readings of less-known works by Gothic authors. The book introduces the reader to a range of neglected, albeit influential, European Gothic texts which originated in Russian, Spanish, French and German. It argues that the level of ideological manipulation, which occurred as texts were translated, mistranslated, appropriated, misappropriated, altered and adapted from one language to another, was so considerable and so systematic that generic mutations were occasioned. The book suggests that Matthew Lewis's The Monk offers a few models of femininity, all deriving from and intended to disrupt, previous literary representations. It focuses on the automatic and the systematic in Charles Maturin's work in relation to Denis Diderot's contemporary philosophical conceptualizations of consciousness and identity. Gothic treacheries are dealt with through Samuel Coleridge's analysis of misappropriation of Friedrich Schiller's Die Rauber. The book also discusses the representations of ritual violence, as sanctioned by the Catholic Church, in English and Spanish pictorial and literary texts between 1796 and 1834. It talks about the Arabesque narrative technique of embedding tales within tales to create a maze in which even the storyteller becomes lost, reflecting the Eastern notion that the created is more important than the creator.

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Avril Horner

articulate her personal and political sense of disaffection from both her husband and certain European political strategies without too much risk of censorship. From censorship within the private world we move to Catholicism as an institutionalized form of censorship. Joan Curbet’s essay, ‘”Hallelujah to your dying screams of torture”: representations of ritual violence in English and

in European Gothic
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Ivan Evans

contrast, the more frequent use of highly symbolic instruments of death, such as the noose, even in cases of private violence in the South reveals not only a greater callousness but also the desire to transform a private killing into a brazen public statement. However, it is the ritualized violence of communal lynching that most sharply distinguishes South Africa’s bureaucratic culture of violence from the lynch culture of the American South. One way to account for this difference is to draw upon Sheila McCoy Smith’s concept of “ululation,” the sequence of steps that

in Cultures of Violence
Representations of ritual violence in English and Spanish Romanticism
Joan Curbet

religious ritualism that is offered by British authors writing about Spain with the representation of this phenomenon in Spanish culture. I hope that the following analysis will allow us to understand more clearly the thematic signficance of Catholic ritual violence within the Gothic tradition, and also enable us to reach some conclusions as to why the contribution of Spanish culture to this tradition was so scant

in European Gothic
Ivan Evans

ritual violence was not used sparingly to impose control over Africans. As a young farmer and devout Christian, Paul Kruger, the future president of the Transvaal Republic, liberally whipped Africans who refused to render him forced labor. Several chiefs were publicly whipped for various acts of non-compliance between 1840 and 1870, suggesting that the violent abuse and debasement of commoners must have been vastly greater. 55 Kommandos were also an emotional Boer symbol of alternative authority to British rule so that British victory in the Anglo-Boer war effectively

in Cultures of Violence
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More new diplomatic history
Jennifer Mori

eighteenth century Britain’, History, 72 (1987) 38–61; Margaret Hunt, The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender and the Family in England, 1680–1780 (Berkeley, 1996); Robert Shoemaker, ‘The decline of public insult in London 1660–1800’, P&P, 169:1 (2000), 97–131. See also ‘The taming of the duel: masculinity, honour and ritual violence in London, 1660–1800’, HJ, 45 (2002), 525–45 and The London Mob: Violence and Disorder in Eighteenth Century England (London, 2004); Paul Langford, Englishness Identified. Manners and Character 1650–1850 (Oxford, 2000); Linda Colley, Captives: The

in The culture of diplomacy
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Duelling confession within the novel
Neil Cornwell

–4). The duel in Russia, in its cultural-historical and literary contexts, has been examined too by Irina Reyfman in her book Ritualized Violence Russian Style . Duelling codes in printed form, she affirms, appeared ‘late in the duel’s history, when the live dueling tradition had begun to deteriorate’ (Reyfman, 1999, 290–1, n. 9) – later still in Russia, only ‘at the end of the nineteenth century’. It is also said that Italy, which had much earlier been ‘the main producer of treatises on dueling and the honor code … itself did not know serious dueling’ (ibid

in Odoevsky’s four pathways into modern fiction
Theodore Roosevelt’ssecond corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Charlie Laderman

mob-executed ritual violence led Mark Twain, the nation’s most famous novelist, to label his country ‘The United States of Lyncherdom’, and lambast his countrymen for an ‘epidemic of bloody insanities’. Twain was not alone in enquiring how a nation in which lynchings were rife could brazenly issue other states with protests condemning their abuse of human rights and engage in civilizing missions

in Rhetorics of empire
‘He’s putting me in such a doldrum’
Katie Barclay

, 2014), pp. 183–202. 72 R. Shoemaker, ‘The taming of the duel: Masculinity, honour and ritual violence in London, 1660–1800’, Historical Journal, 45:3 (2002), 525–45. 73 J. Kelly, That Damn’d Thing Called ‘Honour’: Duelling in Ireland, 1570–1860 (Cork: Cork University Press, 1995). 74 M. Cohen, ‘“Manners” make the man: Politeness, chivalry, and the construction of masculinity, 1750–1830’, Journal of British Studies, 44 (2005), 312–29; C. Kennedy, ‘“A Gallant Nation”: Chivalric masculinity and Irish nationalism in the 1790s’, in M. McCormack (ed.), Public Men

in Men on trial
A case study in Irish betrayal
Gerry Smyth

’ is balanced by the chorus’s insistence that ‘old men are jealous’ (Yeats 1907: 52). In claiming that the King’s forgiveness derived in the main from ‘his own natural impulse’ (52), Fergus reveals himself as a representative of Apollonian order; with their experience of life on the margins of society (they are travellers) and their access to music, however, the chorus is tapped into a Dionysian impulse towards ritual, violence and the destruction of individualism as a cultural norm. The irony of Fergus’s statement  – ‘I have known his mind as if it were my own’ (61

in The Judas kiss