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Approaching social and technological change in human society

This book is the first monograph-length investigation of innovation and the innovation process from an archaeological perspective. We live in a world where innovation, innovativeness, creativity, and invention are almost laughably over-used buzzwords. Yet comparatively little research has been carried out on the long-term history of innovation beyond and before the Industrial Revolution. This monograph offers both a response and a sort of answer to the wider trans-disciplinary dialogue on innovation, invention, and technological and social change. The idea of innovation that permeates our popular media and our political and scientific discourse is set against the long-term perspective that only archaeology can offer in dialogue with a range of social theory about the development of new technologies and social structures. The book offers a new version of the story of human inventiveness from our earliest hominin ancestors to the present day. In doing so, it challenges the contemporary lionization of disruptive technologies, while also setting the post-Industrial-Revolution innovation boom into a deeper temporal and wider cultural context. It argues that the present narrow focus on pushing the adoption of technical innovations ignores the complex interplay of social, technological, and environmental systems that underlies truly innovative societies; the inherent connections between new technologies, technologists, and social structure that give them meaning and make them valuable; and the significance and value of conservative social practices that lead to the frequent rejection of innovations.

Open Access (free)
Thom Davies

. 2019. Conflictual collaboration: Citizen science and the governance of radio­ active contamination after the Fukushima nuclear disaster. American Ethnologist, 46(2), 214–226. ethnography: An introduction. Cultural Shapiro, N. and Kirksey, E. 2017. Chemo-­ Anthropology, 32(4), 481–493. Strasser, B. J., Baudry, J., Mahr, D., Sanchez, G., and Tancoigne, E. 2019. “Citizen science”? Rethinking science and public participation. Science & Technology Studies, 32(2), 52–76. The Economist 2017. The world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data. The  Economist

in Toxic truths
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

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Tackling the urban through ethnography
Camilla Lewis and Jessica Symons

inspired collaborations with disciplines such as Science Technology Studies (STS), architecture and art (see, for example, Blok and Farías 2016; Corsín Jiménez and Estalella 2016; Farías and Bender 2012; Yaneva 2016). In the 2000–2010s, there was growing recognition that these contextual analyses of cities should be valued for their particularity; for the fact that they acknowledge the complexity of diverse urban cultures and the need for situated, grounded research. Recent debates in urban studies call for a new ‘epistemology of the urban’ (Brenner and Schmid 2015

in Realising the city
Alison Powell

and Sensitivities. Towards a Cosmopolitics of “Smart Cities”?’ TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies 6(1): 89–108. Van Dijck, J. 2014. ‘Datafication, Dataism and Dataveillance: Big Data between Scientific Paradigm and Ideology’. Surveillance & Society: 12(2): 197.

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Thinking with data science, creating data studies – an interview with Joseph Dumit
Joseph Dumit

11 The other ninety per cent: thinking with data science, creating data studies – an interview with Joseph Dumit Joseph Dumit and Dawn Nafus Editor’s note: This is a jointly edited transcript of an interview with Joseph Dumit (professor of Science & Technology Studies and Anthropology) about the Data Studies undergraduate minor being designed at University of California at Davis. This programme began in late 2015, and is led jointly by Dumit and Duncan Temple Lang, director of the Data Science Initiative at UCD, professor of Statistics, and formerly of Bell Labs

in Ethnography for a data-saturated world
Open Access (free)
Tackling environmental injustice in a post-truth age
Thom Davies and Alice Mah

, B., Baudry, J., Mahr, D., Sanchez, G., and Tancoigne, E. 2019. “Citizen science”? Rethinking science and public participation. Science & Technology Studies, 32, 52–76. Taylor, D. E. 2011. Introduction: The evolution of environmental justice activism, research, and scholarship. Environmental Practice, 13(4), 280–301. Taylor, D. E. 2014. Toxic Communities: Environmental Racism, Industrial Pollution, and Residential Mobility. New York: NYU Press. United Church of Christ. 1987. Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States. New York: UC Commission for Racial Justice

in Toxic truths
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Between mental states and institutional objects
Sufyan Droubi

226 . 195 ibid. 196 ibid. 197 ibid. 198 R Kitchin , ‘ The Realtimeness of Smart Cities ’ ( 2017 ) 8 Tecnoscienza: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies 19 www.tecnoscienza.net, accessed 6 July 2020. 199 ibid. 200 For instance, see the United Nations actions and processes in respect to climate change, United Nations, ‘Climate Change’ (2018) www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/climate-change/ , accessed 6 October 2018. 201 ‘Ten Years after Lehman: Has Finance Been Fixed?’ [2018] The Economist ; M Phillips and K

in International organisations, non-State actors, and the formation of customary international law