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Felicia Hemans and Burial at Sea in the Nineteenth-Century Imaginary
Jessica Roberson

This article identifies sea-burial as a topos of the early nineteenth-century imaginary that draws on both Gothic tropes and Romantic reformulations of Gothic aesthetics in order to signal a sea changed poetics of shifting dislocation, decay, and denial in the work of Felicia Hemans. The loss of a corpse at sea makes visible the extent to which any act of posthumous identification relies upon a complex network actively maintained by the living. This article will also develop our understanding of the ways in which Gothic tropes of burial might extend into specifically maritime literary cultures of the early nineteenth century. This strand of a nautical Gothic reflects not only nineteenth-century anxieties about nautical death but the corporeality of both individual and cultural memory. Such representations of sea-burial negotiate a nautical Gothic aesthetic that might propel new understanding of the relationship between poetry and the material dimensions of affective memorialization.

Gothic Studies
Australian Voyages, c. 1815-1860

During the nineteenth century, over 1.5 million migrants set sail from the British Isles to begin new lives in the Australian colonies. This book follows these people on a fascinating journey around half the globe to give a rich account of the creation of lay and professional medical knowledge in an ever-changing maritime environment. It shows how voyages to Australia partook of colonialism. On leaving the ports, estuaries, and harbours of Britain and Ireland, ships' captains negotiated the adverse winds of the English Channel and the Irish Sea before steering into the Atlantic and heading south-by-south west across the heavy swells of the Bay of Biscay. The book dwells in the tropics, where the experience of calms reinforced and extended preconceptions about the coast of West Africa. It discusses convicts, showing how scurvy became resurgent as British prison committees steadily reduced prison dietary rations during the 1820s and 1830s. Despite their frustrations, the isolation of the ocean and the vulnerability of convicts' bodies offered surgeons an invaluable opportunity for medical experimentation during the 1840s. The book also shows how a series of questions about authority, class, gender, and social status mediated medical relationships as the pressures of the voyage accumulated. Themes of mistrust, cooperation, and coercion emerged in many different ways during the voyage. Australia, where, as emigrants became immigrants, the uncertainties of government responsibility combined with a poisonous political atmosphere to raise questions about eligibility and the conditions of admittance to their new colonial society.

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Maritime Palestine displaced
Diana Allan

We have been in the boat for three hours and it is still dark. Only a hint of yellow marks the horizon separating sea and sky. Away from the grinding waves of Jal el Bahar on Tyre's coast – quite literally, a “sea terrace” – the silence is striking. Barely a word has passed between father and son since we set out from port. The slap of water on wood and the clink of a gerry-rigged lightbulb for night fishing (now off) are the only sounds. Both work patiently and methodically, their movements supple and quick. They gesture to each other

in Displacement
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Contemporary art, urban culture, and the fashioning of global Shanghai
Author: Jenny Lin

Shanghai, long known as mainland China’s most cosmopolitan metropolis, has recently re-emerged as a global capital. Above sea: Contemporary art, urban culture, and the fashioning of global Shanghai offers the first in-depth examination of turn of the twenty-first-century Shanghai-based art and design—from state-sponsored exhibitions to fashionable cultural complexes to cutting-edge films and installations. This book offers a counter-touristic view of one of the world’s fastest developing megacities, one that penetrates the contradictions and buried layers of specific locales and artifacts of visual culture. Informed by years of in-situ research, including interviews with artists and designers, the book looks beyond contemporary art’s global hype to reveal persistent socio-political tensions accompanying Shanghai’s explosive transitions from semi-colonial capitalism to Maoist socialism to Communist Party–sponsored capitalism. Analyses of exemplary design projects such as Xintiandi and Shanghai Tang and artworks by Liu Jianhua, Yang Fudong, Gu Wenda, and others reveal how Shanghai’s global aesthetics construct glamorizing artifices that mask historically rooted cross-cultural conflicts between vying notions of foreign-influenced modernity versus anti-colonialist nationalism, and the city’s repressed socialist past versus its consumerist present. The book focuses on Shanghai-based art and design from the 1990s–2000s, the decades of the city’s most rapid post-socialist development, while also attending to pivotal Republican and Mao-era examples. Challenging the “East-meets-West” clichés that characterize discussions of urban Shanghai and contemporary Chinese art, this book illuminates critical issues facing today’s artists, architects, and designers and provides an essential field guide for students of art, design, art history, urban studies, and Chinese culture.

‘Working the ground’ in Scotland

Ethnographies of labour at sea must examine the experience of that labour, rather than contemplate the commodities that are produced, or resort to trite metaphors about watery 'flow' and 'immersion' This book takes up a labour-centred Marxist approach to human-environment relations, place and language, human-machine relations, technique and technology, political economy and violence. It explores how fishers make the sea productive through their labour, using technologies ranging from wooden boats to digital GPS plotters to create familiar places in a seemingly hostile environment. While most analyses of navigation assume that its purpose is orientation, virtually all navigation devices are used in techniques to solve the problem of relative position. Fishers frequently have to make impossible choices between safe seamanship and staying afloat economically, and the book describes the human impact of the high rate of deaths in the fishing industry. The lives of fishermen are affected by capitalist forces in the markets they sell to, forces that shape even the relations between fishers on the same boat. The book also discusses techniques people used to extend their bodies and perceptual abilities, the importance of controlling and delicately manipulating these extensions and the caring relationships of maintenance boats and machines required. A 'new anthropology of labour' and a 'decolonised anthropology dispenses with the disciplinary emphasis on the "outside" of capitalism and encompasses the dynamism and interconnections of global society'.

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Gillian Rudd

chap 4 8/9/06 2:54 pm Page 133 4 Sea and coast If the wilderness defies literary containment, the sea, it appears, defies expression. R.W.V. Elliott’s careful lexical studies of middle English alliterative poetry uncovers a revealing aspect of the phrases typically used to describe the sea: ‘words denoting open sea are less common, and the interesting fact emerges that poets often used “inland” “water” words like northern borne or the widely current broke or the more specific dam to describe the sea’.1 Although it could be argued that this quirk reflects the

in Greenery
The poetics of sustainability and the politics of what we’re sustaining
Matthew Griffiths

11 Jorie Graham’s Sea Change: the poetics of sustainability and the politics of what we’re sustaining Matthew Griffiths In her 2008 collection Sea Change, US poet Jorie Graham pursues a concern about how language can engage with and represent material force, a concern that has preoccupied her in previous work. But Sea Change marks a distinct development of this in two key respects: not only does Graham adopt and sustain a particular form throughout the book to explore the tension between word and world, her concerns also inform a number of pieces that refer

in Literature and sustainability
What contribution to regional security?
Panagiota Manoli

2504Chap11 7/4/03 12:41 pm Page 208 11 The Black Sea Economic Cooperation: what contribution to regional security?1 Panagiota Manoli The Black Sea region has been extensively referred to as a bridge, indicating its link with Europe to the West and Asia to the East. As a crossroad of geography, cultures and religions, the Black Sea region presents opportunities for both cooperation and conflict among the region’s states. Developments in this area cannot be viewed in isolation, but always in the context of events taking place in Europe and in Central Asia

in Limiting institutions?
Thomas Heywood’s 3D engagement with the classics
Janice Valls-Russell

scholarly framework, thus producing a reading experience that was different from the spectating experience. 1 This was also the decade in which he helped devise the iconological programme of the largest ship ever built until then, the Sovereign of the Seas , providing a written account in A True Description of his Majesties Royall Ship , which he published in 1637, to mark the launch. 2 Historians have discussed the ship in connection with Charles I’s political and diplomatic campaign to assert British supremacy over the seas in a context of international tension

in Thomas Heywood and the classical tradition
The Tokugawa, the Zheng maritime network, and the Dutch East India Company
Adam Clulow and Xing Hang

8 Restraining violence on the seas: the Tokugawa, the Zheng maritime network, and the Dutch East India Company Adam Clulow and Xing Hang In 1665, the Dutch East India Company (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie or VOC) called in its fleet. Intended to strike back against the sprawling Zheng maritime network, which had successfully evicted the Dutch from their colony on Taiwan, the fleet had been sent to restore the Company’s damaged prestige in the region while netting valuable goods. Instead, the governor-general had been forced to declare that all Zheng

in A global history of early modern violence