This article identifies sea-burial as a topos of the early nineteenth-century imaginary that draws on both Gothic tropes and Romantic reformulations of Gothic aesthetics in order to signal a sea changed poetics of shifting dislocation, decay, and denial in the work of Felicia Hemans. The loss of a corpse at sea makes visible the extent to which any act of posthumous identification relies upon a complex network actively maintained by the living. This article will also develop our understanding of the ways in which Gothic tropes of burial might extend into specifically maritime literary cultures of the early nineteenth century. This strand of a nautical Gothic reflects not only nineteenth-century anxieties about nautical death but the corporeality of both individual and cultural memory. Such representations of sea-burial negotiate a nautical Gothic aesthetic that might propel new understanding of the relationship between poetry and the material dimensions of affective memorialization.
We have been in the boat for three hours and it is still dark. Only a hint of yellow marks the horizon separating sea and sky. Away from the grinding waves of Jal el Bahar on Tyre's coast – quite literally, a “sea terrace” – the silence is striking. Barely a word has passed between father and son since we set out from port. The slap of water on wood and the clink of a gerry-rigged lightbulb for night fishing (now off) are the only sounds. Both work patiently and methodically, their movements supple and quick. They gesture to each other
The sea and International Relations is a path-breaking collection which opens up the conversation about the sea in International Relations (IR), and probes the value of analysing the sea in IR terms. While the world’s oceans cover more than 70 percent of its surface, the sea has largely vanished as an object of enquiry in IR, being treated either as a corollary of land or as time. Yet, the sea is the quintessential international space, and its importance to global politics has become all the more obvious in recent years. Drawing on interdisciplinary insights from IR, historical sociology, blue humanities and critical ocean studies, The sea and International Relations breaks with this trend of oceanic amnesia, and kickstarts a theoretical, conceptual and empirical discussion about the sea and IR, offering novel takes on the spatiality of world politics by highlighting theoretical puzzles, analysing broad historical perspectives and addressing contemporary challenges. In bringing the sea back into IR, The sea and International Relations reconceptualises the canvas of IR to include the oceans not only as travel time, but as a social, political, economic and military space which affects the workings of world politics. As such, The sea and International Relations is as ambitious as it is timely. Together, the contributions to the volume emphasise the pressing need to think of the world with the sea rather than ignoring it in order to address not only the ecological fate of the globe, but changing forms of international order.
The law of the sea is an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of this branch of public international law. It begins by tracing the historical origins of the law of the sea and explaining its sources, notably the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. This is followed by chapters examining the various maritime zones into which the sea is legally divided, namely internal waters, the territorial sea, archipelagic waters, the contiguous zone, the continental shelf, the exclusive economic zone, the high seas and the International Seabed Area. In each case the legal nature of the zone and its physical dimensions are analysed. Separate chapters deal with the baselines from which the breadths of most maritime zones are delineated and the law governing the delimitation of boundaries between overlapping maritime zones. Later chapters discuss how international law regulates the safety of navigation, fisheries and scientific research, and provides for protection of the marine environment from pollution and biodiversity loss. The penultimate chapter addresses the question of landlocked States and the sea. The final chapter outlines the various ways in which maritime disputes may be settled. Throughout the book detailed reference is made not only to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, but also to other relevant instruments, the burgeoning case law of international courts and tribunals, and the academic literature.
chap 4 8/9/06 2:54 pm Page 133 4 Sea and coast If the wilderness defies literary containment, the sea, it appears, defies expression. R.W.V. Elliott’s careful lexical studies of middle English alliterative poetry uncovers a revealing aspect of the phrases typically used to describe the sea: ‘words denoting open sea are less common, and the interesting fact emerges that poets often used “inland” “water” words like northern borne or the widely current broke or the more specific dam to describe the sea’.1 Although it could be argued that this quirk reflects the
Since the formal inception of International Relations (IR) as an academic discipline after World War I, only a handful of significant scholars have addressed the place of the sea in international relations. 1 Schematically, these have fallen into either the geopolitical Realism of Haushofer ( 1938 ), Schmitt ( 1997 ), Spykman ( 1944 ) and – in a different register – Mearsheimer
Introduction The high seas comprise all parts of the sea that are not included in the exclusive economic zone, the territorial sea or internal waters of a State, or in the archipelagic waters of an archipelagic State (see further the section below addressing the ‘definition’ of the high seas). The legal regime of the high seas has traditionally been characterised by the
This volume reconceptualises International Relations (IR) with the sea. One important aspect of IR is the production of political space. Political space is produced as actors bound spaces for political purposes through practices. While not always using this language, literatures on sovereignty, state formation, and mapping in IR all examine the production of political
Development of the concept The territorial sea is the first coastal State maritime zone seawards of the baseline and internal waters. We begin this chapter by tracing its development as a concept. 1 The questions of the status of the seabed underlying the territorial sea and of the airspace above it arose separately from the question of the status of the water column, and
Iceland, sea ice, and scholars The sea ice … has been the most important causal factor in the dearth-years, price-rises and famines, and has done more harm to the Icelandic population than all the volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. 1 (Thoroddsen, 1914 : 205) This chapter is concerned with the sea ice