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Heloise Brown

‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ 10 Feminist responses to the second Anglo-Boer war, 1899–19021 T he various pacifist feminist discourses discussed in this book co-existed and to some extent competed with one another, a phenomenon seen particularly clearly during the final years of the study. An examination of the responses to the second Anglo-Boer war of 1899–1902 illustrates how nationalist and imperialist campaigns could challenge feminist arguments regarding women’s unique role in the nation. The Anglo-Boer war concludes the period under discussion in

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’

This book demonstrates the continuities and the changes in wartime nursing during the one hundred years, from 1854 to 1953. It examines the work that nurses of many differing nations undertook during the Crimean War, the Boer War, the Spanish Civil War, both World Wars and the Korean War. The influence that Florence Nightingale had on Southern women providing nursing care to Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War, and the work of the flight nurses, are detailed. The book also examines the challenges faced by nurses caring for the thousands of soldiers suffering from typhoid epidemics, and those at the Norwegian Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (NORMASH). The decades following the Crimean War witnessed a burgeoning of personal narratives relating accounts of nurses who ministered to combatants in the Franco-Prussian and Anglo-Zulu wars. In considering the work of First World War military nurses, the book explores the dangerous military and political worlds in which nurses negotiated their practice. The book argues that the air evacuation system which had originated during the Second World War was an exciting nursing innovation for the service of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). At the beginning of the Second Anglo-Boer War, there were three distinct groups of female nurses: the Army Nursing Reserve; civilian nurses; and volunteers, many of whom came under the auspices of the Red Cross. The humanitarian work of trained and volunteer nurses after the liberation of Bergen-Belsen in 1945, and their clinical wisdom enabled many of the victims to rehabilitate.

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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars
Author: Kent Fedorowich

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

Charlotte Dale

3 The social exploits and behaviour of nurses during the Anglo-Boer War, 1899–19021 Charlotte Dale During the Second Anglo-Boer War, two key watchwords associated with serving nurses were ‘duty’ and ‘respectability’.2 At the commencement of war, women from across the Empire, including trained nurses, saw the opportunity to travel to South Africa to experience war and work alongside men as their equals, caught up in a patriotic fervour to defend and expand the Queen’s lands. The war, which resulted from years of ambitious encounters over gold deposits, Afrikaner

in Colonial caring
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Carol Acton and Jane Potter

in decades of conflict began as the nineteenth century drew to a close. The ‘last of the 20 Introduction gentlemen’s wars’ and the first modern war was the South African War in 1899–1902. The memoirs and letters of its medical personnel serve as snapshots of reactions that are replicated and transformed by their descendants in the wars that followed. The South African War (also known as the Second Anglo-Boer War) began on 10 October 1899 and ended on 31 May 1902. It was fought between the British Empire, the eventual victor, and the Afrikaans-speaking Dutch

in Working in a world of hurt
Kent Fedorowich

State for War, emphasised the isolation many veterans experienced upon their return to civilian life and observed that society tended to regard all ex-servicemen as a ‘peculiar class of men segregated from the rest of the community’. 32 National efficiency, the second Anglo-Boer War and reconstruction, 1900 – 14 The increasing

in Unfit for heroes
Kent Fedorowich

referred to policies in the fields of education, immigration and religion which, with the aid of time, would exert a subtle but steady influence. 2 Anglicisation was revived after the second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902), motivated this time by the British government’s attempt to foster white racial harmony and create a new rural order in South Africa. Once again, a key ingredient within that policy was

in Unfit for heroes
Pacifist feminism in Britain, 1870–1902
Author: Heloise Brown

This book explores the pervasive influence of pacifism on Victorian feminism. It provides an account of Victorian women who campaigned for peace, and of the many feminists who incorporated pacifist ideas into their writing on women and gender. The book explores feminists' ideas about the role of women within the empire, their eligibility for citizenship, and their ability to act as moral guardians in public life. It shows that such ideas made use – in varying ways – of gendered understandings of the role of force and the relevance of arbitration and other pacifist strategies. The book examines the work of a wide range of individuals and organisations, from well-known feminists such as Lydia Becker, Josephine Butler and Millicent Garrett Fawcett to lesser-known figures such as the Quaker pacifists Ellen Robinson and Priscilla Peckover.

Heloise Brown

pacifism’.7 While Peckover allied herself with the Peace Society more closely than most other female peace activists of this period, it is important to stress that on a number of significant issues she disagreed with its aims and methods. She was also critical of the expansionist British imperialism that was being practiced across the globe, and she publicly disagreed with the Peace Society on the question of how to protest against the second Anglo-Boer war. Although Peckover’s personal focus was strongly influenced by Christianity, she supported all other associations

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Christine E. Hallett

war experiences. British nurse writer Kate Luard, a veteran of the Second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) began the First World War as a sister with the QAIMNS Reserve and rose to the position of Head Sister to one of the most significant British advanced casualty clearing stations. American Alice Fitzgerald, a prominent member of the nursing profession in the USA, joined the QAIMNS Reserve as a sister in 1916, but left to take up a senior role with the American Red Cross following the USA’s entry into the war. The quintessential British nurse: Kate Luard Katherine

in Nurse Writers of the Great War