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A framework of inclusion and exclusion
Mark Webber

The purpose of Chapter 1 was to consider a variety of forms of inclusion and exclusion. Here we are more concerned with how these relate to a broader system of security relations in post-Cold War Europe. In so doing, this chapter utilises the notion of ‘security community’ introduced in Chapter 2 . It was noted there that during the Cold War, the Europe of the West (and indeed

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Author: Mark Webber

How inclusive are the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) and the European Union (EU)? The enlargement of both organisations seems to give some substance to the vision of a ‘Europe whole and free’ articulated at the Cold War's end. Yet more recently, enlargement's limits have increasingly come to be recognised, bringing an important debate on the balance to be struck between inclusion and exclusion. This book examines that sometimes awkward balance. Its analytical starting point is the characterisation of much of Europe as a security community managed by a system of security governance. The boundary of this system is neither clear nor fixed, but a dynamic of inclusion and exclusion can be said to exist by reference to its most concrete expression—that of institutional enlargement. On this basis, the book offers an elaboration of the concept of security governance itself, complemented by a historical survey of the Cold War and its end, the post-Cold War development of NATO and the EU, and case studies of two important ‘excluded’ states: Russia and Turkey.

Authors: Lee Jarvis and Michael Lister

This book explores how different publics make sense of and evaluate anti-terrorism powers within the UK, and the implications of this for citizenship and security.

Since 9/11, the UK’s anti-terrorism framework has undergone dramatic changes, including with the introduction of numerous new pieces of legislation. Drawing on primary empirical research, this book examines the impact of these changes on security and citizenship, as perceived by citizens themselves. We examine such impacts on different communities within the UK, and find that generally, whilst white individuals were not unconcerned about the effects of anti-terrorism, ethnic minority citizens (and not Muslim communities alone) believe that anti-terrorism measures have had a direct, negative impact on various dimensions of their citizenship and security.

This book thus offers the first systematic engagement with ‘vernacular’ or ‘everyday’ understandings of anti-terrorism policy, citizenship and security. Beyond an empirical analysis of citizen attitudes, it argues that while transformations in anti-terrorism frameworks impact on public experiences of security and citizenship, they do not do so in a uniform, homogeneous, or predictable manner. At the same time, public understandings and expectations of security and citizenship themselves shape how developments in anti-terrorism frameworks are discussed and evaluated. The relationships between these phenomenon, in other words, are both multiple and co-constitutive. By detailing these findings, this book adds depth and complexity to existing studies of the impact of anti-terrorism powers.

The book will be of interest to a wide range of academic disciplines including Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies and Sociology.

Abstract only
Mark Webber

the adaptation and enlargement of the EU and NATO. These bodies do not represent the totality of Europe’s security governance nor are they the sole expression of the broader phenomenon of a European security community. Yet they are, without doubt, among its most important defining features, to which there is now ‘no serious revisionist challenge’. 1 Such a view has guided the analysis of this book

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Olga Vassilieva

9 Conflict management in the Caucasus via development of regional identity Olga Vassilieva Introduction    the preconditions for and possibilities of Caucasian integration as a way of conflict management in the region. The 1990s has revealed that a common Caucasian identity might be used for ‘constructing’ a regional security community. To testify to this thesis, a significant part of the chapter addresses the question of how different identities have influenced the development of nationalism and cooperation, conflict escalation and conflict

in Potentials of disorder
Mark Webber

The question of Turkey’s relationship to Europe’s security community is, in one sense, a seemingly superfluous one; the country has, after all, been a member of NATO for decades. Yet in a post-Cold War Europe where security community and European security governance are increasingly linked to the EU as much as the Alliance, the question has seemed more and more pertinent

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Paul Cammack

lexicon – solidarity , emancipation , security , community , redistribution , equality and welfare – to suit the neo-liberal agenda. Finally, Giddens’s project, like New Labour’s, is shown to coincide with that of the IMF–World Bank, which is similarly presented as stepping away from the neo-liberalism of Reagan and Thatcher and towards a more socially inclusive agenda

in The Third Way and beyond
Phil Williams

and an absence of serious threats to its national security. Consequently, serious political debate over national security had been stultified. National attention had been fixated on scandals ranging from presidential indiscretions and pardons to the O. J. Simpson trial and the disappearance of a Washington intern. There had been voices in the national security community, including on the National Security Council itself, warning about transnational threats such as terrorism and organised crime.4 Yet, the military focus had remained on threats from nation

in Limiting institutions?
Mark Webber

Is Russia part of the European security community? What is its relationship to the structures of European security governance? Partial answers to these questions were given in Chapter 3 . There it was suggested that Russia occupies an ambiguous position – related to but not fully part of this community or its system of governance. This chapter elaborates this theme in

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
Mark Webber

, lacked a truly ‘European policy’. 3 The subsequent ability of the EU to assume a leading role in Europe’s security governance reflects a geographic move away from its original West European foundations, but equally an extension and development of the EU’s role as a security actor. The EU, security governance and security community From its

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security