Self-driving cars have long been depicted in cinematic narratives, across genres from science fiction films to fantasy films. In some cases, a self-driving car is personified as one of the main characters. This article examines cinematic representations and imaginaries in order to understand the development of the self-driving technology and its integration in contemporary societies, drawing on examples such as The Love Bug, Knight Rider, Minority Report and I, Robot. Conceptually and methodologically, the article combines close readings of films with technological concerns and theoretical considerations, in an attempt to grasp the entanglement of cinematographic imaginaries, audiovisual technologies, artificial intelligence and human interactions that characterise the introduction of self-driving cars in contemporary societies. The human–AI machine interaction is considered both on technological and theoretical levels. Issues of automation, agency and disengagement are traced in cinematic representations and tackled, calling into question the concepts of socio-technical assemblage.
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Thinking with data science, creating data studies – an interview with Joseph Dumit
intrigued by the ability to circumscribe the world, like in a Kaggle
competition, and challenge people. Given this or that ‘simplified’ or
‘toy’ problem, it’s still hard. That toy problem is indexed to a realworld problem, but it turns out you can spend all your time on the
toy problem. Maybe a useful analogy is to the way in which chess
became a marker of artificial intelligence because it was really hard. 3
DN: SELF-DRIVINGCARS PROVIDE EXCITING ENGINEERING
JD: When engineers are imagining self-drivingcars, what toy universe are they making in which they can
increasingly commonplace technology and therefore ordinary labour
– at least in the production phase. High prices for vehicles
are possible where firms add advanced electronic equipment, software
and marketing. This is reflected in the often wide variety of sales
prices for a single model, depending on what add-ons are included
– a phenomenon that will likely increase as self-drivingcars
technology to identify if our physiological metrics are normal, our greater trust
in the veracity of big data or our progressive dependency on a range of
technologies to make better decisions than we could make ourselves alone.
Consider, for example, self-drivingcars and Gary Marcus's suggestion, published
in The New Yorker in 2012, that autonomous machines, particularly
driverless cars, might become inherently more moral, as they function