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Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South Africa
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia

large collaborative project between UK and South African research institutions (the ISULabaNtu project), this chapter presents findings from Phases 1 (‘Context analysis’) and 4 (‘Project management and skills enhancement in construction’) and explores various interpretations of ‘self-help’ housing. The overall research adopted a postcolonial perspective to urban transformations and explored community-led approaches for informal settlement upgrading in the Durban metropolitan area (eThekwini) (McEwan, 2009 ; Pieterse, 2010 ; Watson, 2014 ). ISULabaNtu was framed

in African cities and collaborative futures
Dietary advice and agency in North America and Britain
Nicos Kefalas

Introduction ‘PEOPLE CAN CHANGE: YOU HAVE IN YOUR HANDS a tool for changing your life’. 1 The title and first sentence of Dr Andrew Weil's bestseller 8 Weeks to Optimum Health , first published in 1997, encapsulates the style and language used in self-help and health advice literature on both sides of the Atlantic across the second half of the twentieth century. Analysis of this literature reveals cultural preoccupations with notions of balance and efforts to reframe the

in Balancing the self
Mark Jackson

medical speciality on both sides of the Atlantic and in the proliferation of self-help guides to retaining the vitality of youth – biographical and autobiographical studies of ‘the curve of life’ were not unusual in the mid-twentieth century. 6 In the 1920s, the American psychologist Granville Stanley Hall – renowned for his studies of both adolescence and old age – had substantiated his theory of a ‘dangerous age’ by recounting the emotional disturbances evident in the lives of middle-aged men as they faced the

in Balancing the self
Abstract only
A cultural history of stress in twentieth-century Britain
Author: Jill Kirby

Drawing on a wealth of sources including self-help books, Mass Observation diaries and directives, oral history interviews, social science research and popular culture, Feeling the strain examines why stress became the ubiquitous explanation for a range of everyday ills by the end of the twentieth century in Britain. It explores the popular, vernacular discourse of nerves and stress to uncover how ordinary people understood, explained and coped with the pressures and strains of daily life and illuminates not only how stress was known, but the ways in which that knowledge was produced.

By focusing on contemporary popular understandings, it reveals continuity of ideas about work, mental health, status, gender and individual weakness, as well as the socio-economic contexts that enabled stress to become the accepted explanation for a wide range of daily experiences. It foregrounds continuities in managing stress and changes in ideas about causation, revealing a vocabulary of ‘nerves’ and ‘nervous disorders’ as precursors to stress but also illustrating the mutability of the stress concept and how its very imprecision gave it utility.

Feeling the strain provides first-hand accounts from sufferers, families and colleagues and offers insight into self-help literature, the meanings of work and changing dynamics of domestic life over the century, delivering a complementary perspective to medical histories of stress and making a significant contribution to histories of everyday life and emotion in Britain during the twentieth century.

Early modern almanacs have received relatively little academic attention over the years, despite being the first true form of British mass media. This book is about almanacs and popular medical beliefs and practices in early modern England. The focus is on the medical advice and information disseminated by these unique little booklets between 1550 and 1700. The earliest printed almanacs date from the late fifteenth century, and the booklets are still published at the present day. 'Ephemeral' literature, such as pamphlets, ballads and chapbooks, did especially well during this period, with English almanacs appearing in 'significant' numbers for the first time. The book discusses the readers of almanacs, points out a number of problems facing such an investigation. One of the most important channels for the spread of medical information was through the vast range of easily accessible literature. The book then provides an introduction to the genre of what might be called 'self-help' books, looking at the authors of almanacs and the people who actually purchased and read them. The various types of medical information and advice that almanacs contained are then discussed. The main components of commercial medicine were heavily advertised nostrums and other medical goods and services. The book also discusses health-care for animals in early modern England. Finally, it discusses the medical options available to animals in what is often referred to as 'pre-veterinary' medicine, and the foundation of the first London Veterinary College in 1791.

Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

, however, celebrated as empowerment is often little more than the reinforcement of neoliberal gender norms of individual responsibility, self-help and the insertion of women refugees’ labour in precarious and low-pay artisanal markets. We argue that projects such as these deserve scrutiny not only because they are located within neoliberal rationalities, but also because they share affinities with ideas of helping refugees ‘at home’ or in the first country of arrival, rather

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Self-help books in the early decades of the twentieth century
Jill Kirby

deal with such challenges in the early decades of the twentieth century. 2 Like him, many were doctors keen to offer advice for the nervous in easily understood lay terms. Although this sort of book was by no means new – building on a rich tradition of medical self-help books – a boom in psychological advice books at the beginning of the century reflected the growing interest in popular psychology and the increasing market for ‘self-help’ publications, although publishers did not yet recognise or categorise such works thus. Self-help books allowed the reader to

in Feeling the strain
Jonathan Pattenden

in the district before assessing NGO activities. It then analyses self-help groups (SHGs, the most common form of CBO) in two particular villages. Fieldwork for this chapter was primarily collected in the second half of the 2000s, but includes information from interactions with SHG members and NGO managers during subsequent field visits (most recently in late 2013). These found high levels of continuity (particularly with regard 134 The neoliberalisation of civil society     135 Table 7.1  NGO activities, Dharwad Activities undertaken by 31 NGOs Activities by NGOs

in Labour, state and society in rural India
Medicine, and oral and print culture
Alun Withey

, intended for self-help and lay use.52 However, the number of titles published was not high, something in the order of fifteen to eighteen per year in the seventeenth century, and a better indicator is the number of repeat editions, and also the longevity of books in circulation. Fissell proposes a rough average of one book per four households for the first half of the eighteenth century.53 A brief glance at the publishing situation in Wales, however, reveals why medical books have been largely overlooked as potential sources. Four-fifths of people in Wales were

in Physick and the family
Christian and Jewish eudaimonism in The Merchant of Venice
Sara Coodin

moral-philosophical texts, including handbooks on the passions and guides to happiness and the management and care of the body, made ready use of the discourse of humoral psychology, but did not begin and end with the body. Rather, it was through the discourse of humoral psychology that these texts initiated practical discussions about the well-lived life. The discourse of self-help

in The Renaissance of emotion