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Ross M. English

3 Representatives and Senators Reader, suppose you were an idiot. And suppose you were a member of Congress. But I repeat myself. (Mark Twain) Once the November elections are over, the newly elected Representatives and Senators gather the following January for the start of the new Congress. Out of the thousands of hopefuls who started the arduous process of campaigning in the primary and general elections, only 535 people sit as members of Congress for the next two years; 435 in the House and 100 in the Senate. For most of those members, this will not be a new

in The United States Congress
Malcolm Pemberton
Nicholas Rau

Partial differentiation, gradient, Hessian, mixed derivative theorem. The small increments formula and the chain rule. Homogeneous functions and Euler's theorem. Economic applications: price and income elasticities of demand functions; production functions, marginal productivity and returns to scale.

in Mathematics for Economists

The role of the Congress is essential to any study of American government and politics. It would be impossible to gain a complete understanding of the American system of government without an appreciation of the nature and workings of this essential body. This text looks at the workings of the United States Congress, and uses the Republican period of ascendancy, which lasted from 1994 until 2000, as an example of how the Congress works in practice. The book illustrates the basic principles of Congress using contemporary and recent examples, while also drawing attention to the changes that took place in the 1990s. The period of Republican control is absent from many of the standard texts and is of considerable academic interest for a number of reasons, not least the 1994 election, the budget deadlock in 1995 and the Clinton impeachment scandal of 1999. The book traces the origin and development of the United States Congress, before looking in depth at the role of representatives and senators, the committee system, parties in Congress, and the relationship between Congress and the President, the media and interest groups.

At war in Vietnam
Alice Garner
Diane Kirkby

at the stage in our relations where we can take each other so much for granted that we do not need a constant exchange of Americans and Australian in the non-​official and non-​commercial field’.16 The timing was fortuitous, for the following month (March 1961), Senator Fulbright and Representative Wayne Hays (D-​Ohio) submitted a bill to Congress designed to streamline the various pieces of federal legislation dealing with educational exchange into one all-​encompassing Fulbright-​Hays Act (or Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act). The bill was debated and

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Friendship and honour in the fledgling Republic, 1871–76
Susan K. Foley

-Pichat’s careful cultivation of friendship stood him in good stead in the Assembly, so too did his capacity to maintain polite relations with his political opponents. His roles in the Assembly demonstrate that Laurent-Pichat was widely trusted and respected. Indeed, the broad respect in which he was held saw him elected a Life Senator by his peers in 1875. Moreover, thanks to the bonds of friendship and trust that

in Republican passions
Robert Ormsby

another of the film’s British stars, Charles Laughton, who had greater Hollywood success than Olivier but was suspicious of his motives (Holden 337, Munn 187–189, Ustinov 300–301). Michael Blakemore, who played a Roman Senator in Coriolanus and the mechanical Snout in Dream with Laughton, by contrast, offers in his memoirs a non-celebrity view of the backstage environment at the SMT in 1959, which he

in Coriolanus
Abstract only
Daniel Laqua

’orientation sociale.7 He championed the progressive liberalism of Paul Janson and was a senator from 1892 to 1894 and from 1897 to 1900. Solvay funded a variety of institutes that were based in the Parc Léopold of Brussels, including institutions for Physiology (1891), Hygiene, Bacteriology and Therapy (1894), the Social Sciences (1902), Physics (1912) and Chemistry (1913). These centres for Belgian scientific life also hosted international conferences such as the ‘Conseils Solvay’.8 Solvay contributed financially to the foundation of La Fontaine and Otlet’s IIB, in line with his

in The age of internationalism and Belgium, 1880–1930
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Jenny Valentish

, in the way that MMA tran- sitioned from what in the 1990s Senator John McCain called ‘human cockfighting’ to a multi-billion-dollar industry. The promotion Christine fights for, Bare Knuckle Fighting Championship, had a coup when it signed blonde and undeniably beautiful Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) star Paige VanZant, and Christine admits it’s no longer feasible to be the underdog with a chip on her shoulder – she has to work harder on networking with promoters and playing nice. But with her rap sheet of impulsive and aggressive behav- iour, I wanted to

in Everything harder than everyone else
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Martha Vandrei

and Pudens, and why were they so important to the daughter of a Victorian landowner in rural Wales? The ‘Gladys or Claudia’ referred to here was purportedly a British princess who lived sometime in the 50s and 60s AD, and said to be the daughter of either Caractacus or another, less well-­known first-­century king, Cogidunus (or Cogidubnus). Variously cast as a hostage or a refugee from war-­torn Britain, forced out by the rebellion of Queen Boudica in 61, Claudia, it is said, married Pudens, who was either a centurion or a Roman senator, or both. Although almost

in Making and remaking saints in nineteenth-century Britain
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Family, friendship and politics in nineteenth-century France

Republican passions is an innovative study that demonstrates the crucial role of family and friendship networks in the creation of the Third Republic. Based primarily on the rich family archives of Léon Laurent-Pichat (1823–86), it rediscovers this major activist of the Second Empire who became a Deputy and Life Senator in the Third Republic. Republican passions highlights the political dimensions of friendship and its role in underpinning republican activism. It advances our understanding of republican masculinity by demonstrating the importance of emotion in republican friendships. Further, Republican passions looks beyond the masculine sites of republican politics to uncover the political dimensions of home and family, exploring domestic life, marriage, child-rearing and sociability in Laurent-Pichat’s social and political network. The book breaks new ground by showing that the republican home was a profoundly politicised space in which republicanism was absorbed, sustained and reproduced. Rather than being ‘separate spheres’, the intimate and political realms were deeply intertwined and interdependent. Moreover, this study demonstrates that republican women shared men’s passion for the Republic and worked alongside them for the cause. Republican passions weaves together the threads of political zeal and activism, family and friendship, love and intimacy to provide a vibrant new perspective on the foundations of the Third Republic.