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problems deflected Henry VIII’s natural tendency toward expansionism, but by 1540, near the end of his reign, he was prepared for further English aggrandizement. By 1640, the course of English overseas colonization was set. This first century of tentative and uncoordinated efforts would see the English becoming masters of a territorial and commercial empire that stretched from a united British archipelago to possessions in North America, the Caribbean, and even India. 3 This chapter considers the context of Elizabethan settlement in Ireland by

in Castles and Colonists

any number of other reliance systems, and vice versa. Reliance systems also always exist somewhere, even if that place is virtual. An effective analytical framework for reliance systems must be able to understand how, in the words of the late geographer Edward Soja, ‘it all comes together’ in space and place, or more precisely, in human settlements. 1 In virtually every society on earth, there are ideologies that primarily adhere to reliance systems when they come together in space and place. These ideologies can be as deeply ingrained in political

in The spatial contract
A dominion responsibility

settlement strategy which eliminated the oversights inherent in the 1917 legislation. Determined to maintain strong and effective central leadership in reconstruction planning, dominion policy makers were mindful that the new soldier settlement legislation could provide an important supplement to Canada’s reactivated immigration and development strategy. However, the war had transformed Canadian society

in Unfit for heroes
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia

the political settlements in Bosnia, Kosovo and, to a lesser extent, Macedonia. It is worth considering the prospects for the long-term success of the Alliance’s objectives of underwriting military security in the region while at the same time upholding the norms aimed at developing democratic states with multicultural identities that lay at the heart of these settlements. This chapter will examine the international attempts

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security

of any more than Ceylon and British Malaya. Straits Settlements British India’s trade with China in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries required not only a base or bases on or near the Chinese coast, which requirement was fulfilled by Hong Kong and the Treaty Ports, but there was also need for a haven on the eastern margin of the Bay of Bengal

in Servants of the empire

considered unfeasible, however, due to the expense of providing ships and the disruption it would cause during ‘padi planting and harvest’. 7 Map 4 Malaya and the Straits Settlements, c.1939

in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67

This chapter discusses the basic constituents of early medieval rural societies. It focuses on material dimensions, such as settlement, topography and access to resources, as well as on fundamental factors that define the position of individuals within local societies and groups, such as legal status and socio-economic stratification. The first section therefore draws on recent settlement archaeology to discuss the shape, size and internal organisation of rural settlements. The second section deals with the socio-economic and legal stratification of local

in Neighbours and strangers

M1524 - WILSON TEXT.qxp:Graham Q7 25/9/08 12:18 Page 39 2 Provisions made for women and children in family settlements Women’s ownership of property in the wealthy landed class in Ireland was determined by settlements that made provision from the family estate.1 Such arrangements therefore provide a useful indication of property and power relations within families. Despite the evident desire to make adequate provision for family members, the primary concern in such arrangements was the protection of the family estate. Furthermore, methods used by landed

in Women, marriage and property in wealthy landed families in Ireland, 1750–1850

) El Dorado, the enduring myth of a rich promised land hidden in the heartlands of South America, is an appropriate term and metaphor for understanding what is essentially a particular psychology of most imperial and colonial projects. El Dorados as regards imperialism and colonial settlement are supported by promises of immediate enrichment, either at individual, corporate or state level. Across the

in Imperial expectations and realities

3 • Scottish settlement and society in Plantation Ulster, 1610–40 william roulston In the early seventeenth century 20–30,000 Scots crossed the North Channel into Ireland. Their reasons for making the journey varied. A select few had received grants of land in Ulster. Others came as part of their entourage or were transplanted directly to the newly acquired estates. Many came independently in search of a better life. Together they formed part of one of the most significant movements of people in these islands. The background to Scottish involvement in the

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland