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Empire and the question of belonging
Author: Daniel Gorman

This is a book-length study of the ideological foundations of British imperialism in the early twentieth century. By focussing on the heretofore understudied concept of imperial citizenship, it illustrates how the political, cultural, and intellectual underpinnings of empire were constructed and challenged by forces in both Britain and the ‘Britains Overseas’, the settlement colonies of Canada, South Africa, New Zealand and Australia. Debates about imperial citizenship reveal how Britons conceived of the empire: was it an extension of the nation-state, a collection of separate and distinct communities, or a type of ‘world-state?’ These debates were also about the place of empire in British society, its importance to the national identity, and the degree to which imperial subjects were or were not seen as ‘fellow Britons’. This public discourse was at its most fervent from the Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902) to the early 1920s, when Britain emerged victorious, shocked and exhausted from the Great War. Drawing on the thinking of imperial activists, publicists, ideologues and travellers such as Lionel Curtis, John Buchan, Arnold White, Richard Jebb and Thomas Sedgwick, the book is a comparative history of how the idea of imperial citizenship took hold in early-twentieth-century Britain and how it helped foster the articulation of a broader British World. It also reveals how imperial citizenship as a form of imperial identity was challenged by voices in both Britain and the empire, and how it influenced later imperial developments.

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British country houses and empire, 1700–1930
Stephanie Barczewski

Britain’s settlement colonies. A brief concluding chapter, Chapter 5, assesses the overall picture of country houses acquired via imperial means between 1700 and 1930. The second half of the book looks at the cultural impact of empire upon country houses, showing that it was extensive but varied. Chapter 6 traces the broad contours of this impact, showing how it changed over the course of the eighteenth and

in Country houses and the British Empire, 1700–1930
Confronting discourses
Emma Hunter

Ultramar (ed.), Colóquios sobre o II Plano de Fomento: Ultramar (Lisbon:Junta de Investigações do Ultramar – Centro de Estudos Políticos e Sociais 1959 ), pp. 55–6. During the 1950s the French and British governments were no longer committed to sending new colonists to Algeria and Kenya as a means to develop those white settlement colonies

in Developing Africa
Daniel Gorman

differences in their thought, remained convinced that Britain must continue to be the centre of the Empire, Jebb began to envision Empire less as a federation and more as a confederation. His Studies in Colonial Nationalism (1905) established the young author as an authority on the Empire, particularly the white-settlement colonies. Jebb spent the next decade refining his argument that

in Imperial citizenship
Thomas Sedgwick and imperial emigration
Daniel Gorman

hegemony in Southern Africa, and social imperialists like Sedgwick applied the same logic to the other settlement colonies. Social imperialists favoured a centralized model of imperial citizenship, predicated on the conviction that Empire was a structured relationship which offered greater benefits than did national autonomy or devolution. However, as an analysis of Sedgwick

in Imperial citizenship
Daniel Gorman

. There are also geopolitical limitations, though these reflect the concerns of contemporaries themselves. While bearing in mind the importance to Empire of the dependencies, especially India, 35 the historical focus of the present argument is Great Britain and its relationship with the white-settlement colonies, known after 1907 as ‘the dominions.’ Frederick Cooper and Ann Stoler have called attention

in Imperial citizenship
Miles Taylor

which Parliament is seen to have given up its authority over settlement colonies as they moved towards self-government and sovereignty over all local legislation, and in which parliament appears to have conceded its authority over crown colonies to careful management by the Privy Council, the Colonial Office and the colonial governors.9 The second tradition comes from the nationalist historiography of many of the former constituent countries of the British empire – a historiography which has tended to see the establishment of local legislative control as marking the

in Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660–1850
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Tamson Pietsch

. Collins Sons, 1924 ); J. C. Beaglehole, The University of New Zealand: An Historical Study (Auckland: Whitcomb and Tombs, 1937 ). 12 As early as 1971, Douglas Cole remarked that a conceptual confusion hampered the study of nationalism in the settlement colonies – what ‘nation’ meant was deeply

in Empire of scholars
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Imperial citizenship as a prelude to world government
Daniel Gorman

. While such works have much to tell us about the shape and scope of the Empire, attempts to dislodge older ‘master narratives’ of Empire have also tended to portray the dependencies as the most prominent feature of British imperialism. Such a focus would have struck contemporary imperialists as odd, for their primary interest was the settlement colonies. 7

in Imperial citizenship
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Patrick O’Leary

Ireland, or indeed his more experienced compatriots tasting the fruits of seniority, would be caught up in imperialist fervour. Andy Bielenberg contends that the Irish influence in Africa and Asia was much less significant than in the settlement colonies, 1 but the evidence presented in the foregoing chapters would, at least, throw that assertion open to debate. More, it would

in Servants of the empire