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History and memory in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand and South Africa

In Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, Canada and South Africa indigenous peoples were displaced, marginalised and sometimes subjected to attempted genocide through the colonial process. This book is a collection of essays that focuses on the ways the long history of contact between indigenous peoples and the heterogeneous white colonial communities has been obscured, narrated and embodied in public culture. The essays and artwork in this book insist that an understanding of the political and cultural institutions and practices which shaped settler-colonial societies in the past can provide important insights into how this legacy of unequal rights can be contested in the present. The essays in the first part of the book focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, and labour unions. The second section focuses on the struggles over the representation of national histories through the analyses of key cultural institutions and monuments, both historically and in terms of contemporary strategies. The third section provides comparative instances of historical and contemporary challenges to the colonial legacy from indigenous and migrant communities. The final section of the book explores some of the different voices and strategies for articulating the complexities of lived experience in transforming societies with a history of settler colonialism.

The colonial animal matrix, 1788–1840
Peter Hobbins

‘dangerous’ animals shaped the quotidian names and practices employed by settlers on the ground, it also percolated into the semiotic systems that characterised colonial species and spaces. 42 ‘As one of the most dangerous animals of India and Africa, the crocodile literally stood in the way of colonial settlement’, Mary Leighton and Lisa Surridge insist. Functioning ‘as the quintessential

in Venomous encounters
Chloe Campbell

The eugenics movement that emerged in Kenya in the early to mid-1930s both chimed and at times subtly clashed with settler prejudices and preoccupations. The movement was born out of British eugenics – a eugenic hybrid was created, which used the same intellectual framework and attracted a similar audience to that of British eugenics, but which was also distinctively motivated by

in Race and empire
The work of law and medicine in the creation of the colonial asylum
Catharine Coleborne

individuals into colonial institutional confinement in the settler colony of Victoria, and explores the impact and articulation of ‘colonialism’ on discourses around ‘lunacy’ and on asylum patient populations. It does this by drawing attention to representations of the small but perceptibly troubling population of Chinese inmates within the case-books of colonial Victoria’s asylum. It

in Law, history, colonialism
Sarah Glynn

Glynn 01_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:47 Page 6 1 Sailors, students and settlers This book tells a specifically political history, but this first chapter sets the scene with a very brief general history of the Bengali East End. The East End of London The East End of London is a place associated with strong but, in some ways, contradictory images; a place of cockney kinship and immigrant ghettos, at once English and ‘alien’. It is famous for battles with organised racism, but it is also portrayed as a ‘multicultural-receptor’ and symbol of English tolerance.1 And

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Setting the scene
Roger Forshaw

1 Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene Histories of eras before the Saite Dynasty (26th Dynasty) in ancient Egypt have been largely based on Egyptian evidence, in spite of its inherent distortions and biases, as this has been the only major source available. With the Saite Period there is for the first time a much broader range of archaeological and written evidence from outside the borders of the country as well as the traditional Egyptian sources. The Assyrian prisms, Babylonian and Persian sources and the accounts of the Classical

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Bronwyn Labrum

15 Collecting, curating and exhibiting cross-cultural material histories in a post-settler society Bronwyn Labrum Introduction: a history curator looks back (and forward) This chapter is a ‘think piece’ about history curating in a postcolonial context through a focus on objects. My field is Aotearoa New Zealand, a former British colony in the South Pacific. I want to raise issues to do with Pākehā (European, non-Indigenous) curatorship in relation to, and also in contrast with, Indigenous collections and displays. I pose the questions: What does a twenty

in Curatopia
Charles V. Reed

. In the last decade, historians of empire have increasingly turned their attention to the British colonies of settlement, in a project aimed at reassessing the role of Britishness and imperial identities in the political, cultural and social worlds of colonial settlers. For these scholars, the colonial societies of the British world were neither mere extensions of metropolitan society nor foreordained nation-states, but

in Royals on tour
Indigenous people in British settler colonies, 1830s–1910

This book focuses on the ways in which the British settler colonies of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa treated indigenous peoples in relation to political rights, commencing with the imperial policies of the 1830s and ending with the national political settlements in place by 1910. Drawing on a wide range of sources, its comparative approach provides an insight into the historical foundations of present-day controversies in these settler societies.

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Indirect rule and settler colonialism in Australia’s north
Author: Ben Silverstein

In the 1930s, a series of crises transformed relationships between settlers and Aboriginal people in Australia’s Northern Territory. This book examines archives and texts of colonial administration to study the emergence of ideas and practices of indirect rule in this unlikely colonial situation. It demonstrates that the practice of indirect rule was everywhere an effect of Indigenous or ‘native’ people’s insistence on maintaining and reinventing their political formations, their refusal to be completely dominated, and their frustration of colonial aspirations to total control. These conditions of difference and contradiction, of the struggles of people in contact, produced a colonial state that was created both by settlers and by the ‘natives’ they sought to govern.

By the late 1930s, Australian settlers were coming to understand the Northern Territory as a colonial formation requiring a new form of government. Responding to crises of social reproduction, public power, and legitimacy, they rethought the scope of settler colonial government by drawing on both the art of indirect rule and on a representational economy of Indigenous elimination to develop a new political dispensation that sought to incorporate and consume Indigenous production and sovereignties. This book locates Aboriginal history within imperial history, situating the settler colonial politics of Indigeneity in a broader governmental context. Australian settler governmentality, in other words, was not entirely exceptional; in the Northern Territory, as elsewhere, indirect rule emerged as part of an integrated, empire-wide repertoire of the arts of governing and colonising peoples.