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The colonial animal matrix, 1788–1840
Peter Hobbins

‘dangerous’ animals shaped the quotidian names and practices employed by settlers on the ground, it also percolated into the semiotic systems that characterised colonial species and spaces. 42 ‘As one of the most dangerous animals of India and Africa, the crocodile literally stood in the way of colonial settlement’, Mary Leighton and Lisa Surridge insist. Functioning ‘as the quintessential

in Venomous encounters
Chloe Campbell

The eugenics movement that emerged in Kenya in the early to mid-1930s both chimed and at times subtly clashed with settler prejudices and preoccupations. The movement was born out of British eugenics – a eugenic hybrid was created, which used the same intellectual framework and attracted a similar audience to that of British eugenics, but which was also distinctively motivated by

in Race and empire
The work of law and medicine in the creation of the colonial asylum
Catharine Coleborne

individuals into colonial institutional confinement in the settler colony of Victoria, and explores the impact and articulation of ‘colonialism’ on discourses around ‘lunacy’ and on asylum patient populations. It does this by drawing attention to representations of the small but perceptibly troubling population of Chinese inmates within the case-books of colonial Victoria’s asylum. It

in Law, history, colonialism
Planning for post-war migration
Jean P. Smith

implement a racist policy without the appearance of racism signal the extent to which ideologies of race influenced those who sought to shape post-war population movements, whether through the encouragement of white Britons to move to South Africa, Southern Rhodesia or the other settler colonies of the British Empire or the discouragement of service personnel of colour from remaining in the United Kingdom. ‘The redistribution of population within the Empire’: The promotion of white emigration in the United Kingdom

in Settlers at the end of empire
History and memory in Australia, Canada, Aotearoa New Zealand and South Africa

In Australia, Aotearoa New Zealand, Canada and South Africa indigenous peoples were displaced, marginalised and sometimes subjected to attempted genocide through the colonial process. This book is a collection of essays that focuses on the ways the long history of contact between indigenous peoples and the heterogeneous white colonial communities has been obscured, narrated and embodied in public culture. The essays and artwork in this book insist that an understanding of the political and cultural institutions and practices which shaped settler-colonial societies in the past can provide important insights into how this legacy of unequal rights can be contested in the present. The essays in the first part of the book focus on colonial administrative structures and their intersection with the emergence of settler civil society in terms of welfare policy, regional colonial administration, and labour unions. The second section focuses on the struggles over the representation of national histories through the analyses of key cultural institutions and monuments, both historically and in terms of contemporary strategies. The third section provides comparative instances of historical and contemporary challenges to the colonial legacy from indigenous and migrant communities. The final section of the book explores some of the different voices and strategies for articulating the complexities of lived experience in transforming societies with a history of settler colonialism.

Sarah Glynn

Glynn 01_Tonra 01 19/06/2014 12:47 Page 6 1 Sailors, students and settlers This book tells a specifically political history, but this first chapter sets the scene with a very brief general history of the Bengali East End. The East End of London The East End of London is a place associated with strong but, in some ways, contradictory images; a place of cockney kinship and immigrant ghettos, at once English and ‘alien’. It is famous for battles with organised racism, but it is also portrayed as a ‘multicultural-receptor’ and symbol of English tolerance.1 And

in Class, ethnicity and religion in the Bengali East End
Setting the scene
Roger Forshaw

1 Political turmoil and ‘Libyan’ settlers: setting the scene Histories of eras before the Saite Dynasty (26th Dynasty) in ancient Egypt have been largely based on Egyptian evidence, in spite of its inherent distortions and biases, as this has been the only major source available. With the Saite Period there is for the first time a much broader range of archaeological and written evidence from outside the borders of the country as well as the traditional Egyptian sources. The Assyrian prisms, Babylonian and Persian sources and the accounts of the Classical

in Egypt of the Saite pharaohs, 664–525 BC
Bronwyn Labrum

15 Collecting, curating and exhibiting cross-cultural material histories in a post-settler society Bronwyn Labrum Introduction: a history curator looks back (and forward) This chapter is a ‘think piece’ about history curating in a postcolonial context through a focus on objects. My field is Aotearoa New Zealand, a former British colony in the South Pacific. I want to raise issues to do with Pākehā (European, non-Indigenous) curatorship in relation to, and also in contrast with, Indigenous collections and displays. I pose the questions: What does a twenty

in Curatopia
Race and the politics of migration in South Africa, Rhodesia and the United Kingdom
Author:

Settlers at the End of Empire is a ground-breaking study that integrates the neglected history of emigration from the United Kingdom with the history of immigration to the United Kingdom in the second half of the twentieth century. Drawing attention to the volume and longevity of British emigration, Settlers at the End of Empire analyses the development of racialised migration regimes in the United Kingdom, South Africa and Rhodesia (present-day Zimbabwe), from the Second World War to the collapse of the apartheid regime in 1994. Both white emigration from the United Kingdom and the arrival of increasing numbers of Commonwealth migrants of colour were cast as signs of national decline and many emigrants cited the arrival of migrants of colour as a factor in their decision to leave. South Africa and Rhodesia meanwhile, moved from selective immigration policies in the 1940s and 1950s to an intensive recruitment of white migrants in the 1960s and 1970s. This was an attempt by these increasingly embattled settler regimes to increase their white populations and thereby defend minority rule. Though such efforts bore limited results in war-torn Rhodesia, South Africa saw a dramatic increase of European and especially British migrants from the 1960s to the early 1980s, just as the United Kingdom implemented immigration restrictions aimed at Commonwealth migrants of colour. In all three nations, therefore, though they took different forms, migration policies were intended to defend nations imagined as white in the wake of imperial collapse.

Of ‘savages’ and ‘terrorists’
Sean R. Roberts

I refer to the Chinese government's repressive actions since 2017 against the Uyghurs and other indigenous peoples in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) as ‘cultural genocide’. I use this term as it appears in academic literature to describe the destruction of indigenous people in the context of settler colonialism (Davidson 2012 ; Altman 2018 ; Luck 2020 ). It is a term that is as much about territory as it is about people since its goal is to sever a deep bond between a given people and a territory, usually with the aim of

in The Xinjiang emergency