Nicole Vitellone

2 Sex education and the condom This chapter analyses the social effects of sex education for adolescents. Focusing on the period post-1986, the chapter examines the impact of AIDS education, and in particular safer sex education in the classroom. The main point of concern is the framing of sexual knowledge of the condom in public secondary high schools. By comparing and contrasting the provision of sex education in the US, UK and Australia the chapter draws attention to the differences and similarities in present and past histories of sex education. In so doing

in Object matters
Representations, address and assumptions about influence
Elisabet Björklund

For sex educators, audiences are a central concern. This is obvious as the very purpose of sex education is to communicate knowledge about sexuality to people who, for various reasons, are considered in need of this knowledge. Through history, sex educators have striven to expand their audiences and increase the influence of their messages in different ways, not least by using mass media such as film, radio and television

in Communicating the history of medicine
Swedish Sex Education in 1970s London
Adrian Smith

In 1974 the British Board of Film Censors refused to grant a certificate to the Swedish documentary More About the Language of Love (Mera ur Kärlekens språk, 1970, Torgny Wickman, Sweden: Swedish Film Production), due to its explicit sexual content. Nevertheless, the Greater London Council granted the film an ‘X’ certificate so that it could be shown legally in cinemas throughout the capital. This article details the trial against the cinema manager and owners, after the film was seized by police under the charge of obscenity, and explores the impact on British arguments around film censorship, revealing a range of attitudes towards sex and pornography. Drawing on archival records of the trial, the widespread press coverage as well as participants’ subsequent reflections, the article builds upon Elisabet Björklund’s work on Swedish sex education films and Eric Schaefer’s scholarship on Sweden’s ‘sexy nation’ reputation to argue that the Swedish films’ transnational distribution complicated tensions between educational and exploitative intentions in a particularly British culture war over censorship.

Film Studies
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Condoms, adolescence and time

During the mid-1980s, the object of the condom became associated with the prevention of HIV/AIDS. This book investigates the consequences of this shift in the object's meaning. Focusing on the US, British and Australian contexts, it addresses the impact of the discourse of safer sex on our lives and, in particular, the lives of adolescents. Addressing AIDS public health campaigns, sex education policies, sex research on adolescence and debates on the eroticisation of safer sex, the book looks at how the condom has affected our awareness of ourselves, of one another and of our futures. In its examination of the condom in the late twentieth century, it critically engages with a range of literatures, including those concerned with sexuality, adolescence, methods, gender and the body.

Author: Edward Ashbee

This book considers the policy of the George W. Bush administration towards issues such as abortion, sex education, obscenity and same-sex marriage. It suggests that, although accounts have often emphasised the ties between George W. Bush and the Christian right, the administration's strategy was, at least until early 2005, largely directed towards the courting of middle-ground opinion. The study offers a detailed and comprehensive survey of policy making; assesses the political significance of moral concerns; evaluates the role of the Christian Right; and throws new light on George W. Bush's years in office and the character of his thinking.

Sex education, abstinence and contraception
Edward Ashbee

TBA_C04.qxd 08/02/2007 11:20 AM Page 102 4 ‘Pet your dog . . .’: sex education, abstinence and contraception The development and growth of sex education programmes was tied to the ‘sexual revolution’ of the 1960s and 1970s. The Sex Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), the principal nationwide advocacy organisation and a major curriculum provider, was established in 1964. As Janice Irvine records: school sex education expanded through the sixties. Emboldened by the times . . . many communities initiated programs or amplified those

in The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda
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The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda
Edward Ashbee

often noted, the most devout president since Jimmy Carter. However, while faith added a sense of innocence to representations of Carter’s character and personality, Bush’s beliefs and ties have almost always been portrayed in a more threatening way. Indeed, it has been said that he is driven by messianic notions. From this perspective, White House policy towards both foreign affairs and domestic issues such as abortion, sex education and gay rights and the nomination of federal judges has been dictated by faith. In essence, some of the least restrained commentators

in The Bush administration, sex and the moral agenda
Open Access (free)
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Sarah Grand and the sexual education of girls
Janet Beer and Ann Heilmann

designed to make up for the (sex) education that women were denied by society and the state. Gilman and Grand were, throughout their writing lives, exercised by the social and economic costs of the enforced ignorance of women and girls in matters of sexual hygiene. The association between the ill-health of the individual and the nation were, they contended, intimately connected with the paucity of educational opportunities for girls. Even where formal education did exist, moral and social imperatives impeded the real development of the woman’s intellect and her capacity

in Special relationships
Perspectives on audiences and impact

Historians interact with a variety of audiences. In the history of medicine – our focus – audiences include government committees and commissions dealing with ethical issues in biomedicine; journalists asking for historical perspectives on new discoveries as well as abuses and controversies in medicine; curators and visitors at museums; sometimes even medical researchers utilizing historical material. A particularly prominent audience for historians of medicine is in health care, students as well as practitioners. An important aim of the book is to challenge the idea that communication between researchers and their audiences is unidirectional. This is achieved by employing a media theoretical perspective to discuss how historians create audiences for academic knowledge production (‘audiencing’). The theme is opportune not least because the measurement of ‘impact’ is rapidly becoming a policy tool. The book’s 10 chapters explore the history of medicine’s relationships with its audiences, from the early twentieth century to the present. Throughout the authors discuss how historians of medicine and others have interacted with and impacted audiences. Topics include medical education, policy-making, exhibitions and museums, film and television.

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Family, school and antenatal education
Angela Davis

, hairdressing, and beauty and caring services, while young men chose engineering, construction and mainstream science subjects.15 Although schools provided girls with education in ‘feminine’ subjects, particularly those seen as related to running a home, they were less inclined to educate them about maternity itself. Schools were more comfortable providing domestic science lessons than sex education. While the instruction of children in general hygiene had been part of the school curriculum since the inception of state education in 170 the idea of teaching children about sex

in Modern motherhood