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Abstract only
Steven Hutchinson

will turn out to be: ‘Of children bound in swaddling clothes’. 2 Yet the signifiers used to set up this riddle belong to the context of captivity and slavery in Mediterranean coastal cities, where slave markets had already existed for a long time but would greatly multiply and expand over the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries before diminishing in the eighteenth and finally fading in the early nineteenth. Although Leonardo died not far into the sixteenth century (1519), this particular riddle, with its disconcerting use of the future tense, would unwittingly turn

in Frontier narratives
Abstract only
Michael Harrigan

Slave economies 2  Slave economies Early French accounts of the Antilles reflect the transformations in settlement patterns from initiatives with a strong military and commercial character, to more established patterns of plantation colonisation. A number of testimonies have also been left by participants in the transportation of slaves across the Atlantic to the Americas. These texts reflect significant displacements and societal changes. They illustrate how human beings were introduced into new circuits of exchange, and how African slaves were commoditised

in Frontiers of servitude
Abstract only
Michael Harrigan

frontiers of servitude 6  Society and slaves By the mid-1630s, the English colony on Saint Kitts had received so much immigration that it extended beyond the agreed boundaries with the French settlement. The English governor had rejected the protests of a French delegation, and the governor d’Esnambuc ordered the population to take up arms. According to Du Tertre’s account, French planters were ordered to send their slaves, each armed with a cutlass and a burning torch, to lay waste to the English plantations when the confrontation began. Capuchin friars

in Frontiers of servitude
Katie Donington

, to give even a faint and imperfect description, will puzzle the most eloquent of those who shall attempt to convey to posterity a record of the present times. George Hibbert, Slave Trade Abolition Bill, House of Commons, 23 February 1807, Parliamentary debates from the year 1803 to the present time , vol

in The bonds of family
Constructing imperial identity through Liverpool petition struggles
Joshua Civin

LIVERPOOL PETITIONS AND IMPERIAL IDENTITY 10 Slaves, sati and sugar: constructing imperial identity through Liverpool petition struggles Joshua Civin In 1833, the Liverpool Times reported: ‘The most illustrious of the Dicky Sams, the Magnates of the Town Hall and of the ’Change, have been dancing attendance on still greater men from the opening of the Session.’ Lobbying was not restricted to ‘Liverpool grandees’. In addition, ‘a host of tar jackets and freemen’ testified before parliamentary committees.1 This intensive lobbying shows the lengths to which

in Parliaments, nations and identities in Britain and Ireland, 1660–1850
Gerald de Barri and regnal solidarity in early thirteenth–century England
John Gillingham

In his Invectives Gerald de Barri, writing c. 1200, declared the English to be ‘of all peoples under heaven the most worthless; for they have been subdued by the Normans and reduced by the law of war to perpetual slavery ( in servitutem perpetuam belli iure redactam ). ... In their own land the English are the slaves of the Normans, and the most worthless of slaves.’ 1 Prima facie this opinion, one of Gerald’s more famous pronouncements, appears to clash with the view of many modern historians who have thought that although after the Norman Conquest, as

in Law, laity and solidarities
Trevor Burnard

11 Atlantic slave systems and violence Trevor Burnard Atlantic slavery was a violent institution. The Atlantic slave trade was even more violent. I hardly need to point out this basic fact. An essay about slavery and the slave trade can easily turn into a sickening litany of appalling acts of violence meted out by slave owners towards enslaved people and the less frequent but often equally violent response of enslaved people undertaking acts of resistance to enslavement, including armed revolt. Luxuriating in the violence of slavery is an easy trap for

in A global history of early modern violence
Stephen Snelders

78 3 Slaves and medicine: black perspectives To Dutch doctors and surgeons, the beliefs of the African slaves and especially their belief in the treef as a taboo animal, motivated the slaves’ laziness and fatalism and hindered the proper realization of medical policies and treatments. Their opinion was a one-​sided and prejudiced view that ignored existing Afro-​Surinamese health practices. In 1769, when Schilling wrote about his observations of leprosy treatment among the slaves in Suriname, he claimed that in general there was no treatment, and that the

in Leprosy and colonialism
Richard Huzzey

British suppression of the transatlantic slave trade rested on the threat of violent force. However, the use and exertion of naval power was shaped or constrained by political calculation. In considering the national and international politics of the maritime campaign, this chapter seeks to understand how the two interacted and, in particular

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade
Abolition from ship to shore
Robert Burroughs

This study provides fresh perspectives on critical aspects of the British Royal Navy’s suppression of the Atlantic slave trade. It is divided into three sections. The first, Policies, presents a new interpretation of the political framework under which slave-trade suppression was executed. Part II, Practices, examines details of the work of the navy’s West Africa Squadron

in The suppression of the Atlantic slave trade