Transnational harvest horror and racial vulnerability at the turn of the millennium
procurement, informed by legacies of colonisation and chattel slavery. Read at a figural level, these texts also symbolise systematic exclusions, structural violence, and slowviolence, as Rob Nixon defines it, violence in which time itself is a force of ruination. 4 ‘How does one mourn the interminable event?’ asks Christina Sharpe in her passionate lamentation of the ongoing legacies of Atlantic chattel slavery. 5 I am concerned with ‘economies of abandonment’, in Elizabeth Povinelli’s phrase, in which the wellbeing of some is predicated on the suffering of others, and
This book is a shadow cultural history of transplantation as mediated through medical writing, science fiction, life writing and visual arts in a Gothic mode, from the nineteenth century to the present. Works in these genres explore the experience of donors or suppliers, recipients and practitioners, and simultaneously express transfer-related suffering and are complicit in its erasure. Examining texts from Europe, North America and India, the book resists exoticising predatorial tissue economies and considers fantasies of harvest as both product and symbol of ‘slow violence’ (Rob Nixon), precarity and structural ruination under neoliberal capitalism. Gothic tropes, intertextualities and narrative conventions are used in life writing to express the affective and conceptual challenges of post-transplant being, and used in medical writing to manage the ambiguities of hybrid bodies, as a ‘clinical necropoetics’. In their efforts to articulate bioengineered hybridity, these works are not only anxious but speculative. Works discussed include nineteenth-century Gothic, early twentieth-century fiction and film, 1970s American hospital organ theft horror in literature and film, turn-of-the-millennium fiction and film of organ sale, postmillennial science fiction dystopias, life writing and scientific writing from the nineteenth century to the present. Throughout, Gothic representations engage contemporary debates around the management of chronic illness, the changing economics of healthcare and the biopolitics of organ procurement and transplantation – in sum, the strange times and weird spaces of tissue mobilities. The book will be of interest to academics and students researching Gothic studies, science fiction, critical medical humanities and cultural studies of transplantation.
has been the image of bodies wounded in ways that are not yet finished. I have sought to respect stories that do not end or stories that do not end neatly: the wounds of donors that spread to include intangible wounds like reduced earning capacity, pain or stigma, and recipients’ wounds that keep the body open for more changes – immunosuppressant pharmacology, the medical gaze, and other interventions. 2 I am interested in extended durations, the slowviolence of legacies of health inequality and the long aftermath of care.
Elsewhere, I have suggested the
does? Do we stand by as academics until we have
more certainty, more facts to analyse? Or do we take a stand and
support those calling for change? Is it our place to do that? Is our
support needed? Would it be welcomed?
In New York, the trauma was sudden and unexpected. In Grenfell,
what happened was shocking, of course, but it was also the predicted
outcome of a slow, everyday trauma that had been building through
decades of neglect, discrimination and inequality, exacerbated since
2008 by the impact of austerity. Slow, everyday trauma does not
city in which he lives (Bagelman, 2016 ). At once, Nomad suggests, this circular map represents a feeling of inclusivity, and yet it also indicates a sense of containment or even imprisonment (Bagelman, 2016 ).
The question marks subtly drawn over the buildings in this map represent, to Nomad, an experience of waiting (Bagelman, 2016 ). As a person whose has been seeking refugee status for over eight years, waiting is an inherent part of his urban life. This map captures the intimate ‘slowviolence’ that cannot be seen when we view
and Planning D; Society and Space, 1–19.
Bosworth, K. 2019. The people know best: Situating the counterexpertise of populist pipeline opposition movements. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 109(2),
Boudia, S., Creager, A. N., Frickel, S., Henry, E., Jas, N., Reinhardt, C., and Roberts, J.
2018. Residues: Rethinking chemical environments. Engaging Science, Technology, and
Society, Society for Social Studies of Science, 4, 165–178.
Davies, T. 2018. Toxic space and time: Slowviolence, necropolitics, and petrochemical
pollution. Annals of the
This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen
science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth
age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within
environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists
have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging
in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics
has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of
science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living
with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary
contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American
hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental
controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,”
citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding
toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory
environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing,
witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for
seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of
engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of
critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will
also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the
book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues,
as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen
science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors
in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from
emerging scholars and community activists.
Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.
others is one of the ways in which the
welfare state (re)constructs itself and consolidates its borders (Aas, 2013;
Minimum rights policies
Barker, 2017). Nevertheless, enforcing policies that inflict slowviolence
(Mayblin et al., 2019) onto those ‘excepted’ (Khosravi, 2010) from social,
political, and legal membership causes dilemmas for the agents of enforcement within border-oriented welfare bureaucracies. These dilemmas, and
the ways in which border bureaucrats make sense of and address them, are
explored in the remainder of this chapter.
The crisis of the
., Dolezal, N., and Moross, J. 2016. Safecast: Successful
citizen-science for radiation measurement and communication after Fukushima. Journal
of Radiological Protection, 36(2), S82.
Davies, T. 2019. Slowviolence and toxic geographies: “Out of sight” to whom? Environment
and Planning C: Politics and Space, 1–19.
Gabrys, J. 2014. Programming environments: Environmentality and citizen sensing in the
smart city. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32(1), 30–48.
Irwin, A. 1995. Citizen Science: A Study of People, Expertise, and Sustainable Development.