An archaeology of lunacy examines the historic lunatic asylum from an interdisciplinary perspective, employing methods drawn from archaeology, social geography, and history to create a holistic view of the built heritage of the asylum as a distinctive building type. In the popular imagination, historic lunatic asylums were dark, monolithic, and homogenous, instruments for social confinement and punishment. This book aims to redress this historical reputation, showing how the built environment and material worlds of lunatic asylums were distinctive and idiosyncratic – and highly regional. They were also progressive spaces and proving grounds of architectural experimentation, where the reformed treatment practices known as moral management were trialled and refined. The standing remains of the nineteenth-century lunatic asylum system represent a unique opportunity to study a building-type in active transition, both materially and ideologically. When they were constructed, asylums were a composite of reform ideals, architectural materials, and innovative design approaches. An archaeological study of these institutions can offer a materially focused examination of how the buildings worked on a daily basis. This study combines critical analysis of the architecture, material remains, and historical documentary sources for lunatic asylums in England and Ireland. Students and scholars of later historical archaeology and built heritage will find the book a useful overview of this institutional site type, while historians of medicine will find the focus on interior design and architecture of use. The general public, for whom asylums frequently represent shadowy ruins or anonymous redevelopments, may be interested in learning more about the buildings.
or debacle?’, University of Hawai’i Law Review, 22 (2000), 545–68; K. S.
Fine-Dare, Grave Injustice: The American Indian Repatriation Movement
and NAGPRA (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002); J. Watkins,
‘Becoming American or becoming Indian? NAGPRA, Kennewick and
cultural affiliation’, Journal of SocialArchaeology, 4:1 (2004), 60–80.
20 See www.worldarchaeologicalcongress.org/about-wac/codes-of-ethics/
168-vermillion (accessed 16 October 2014).
21 Zimmerman, ‘Made radical by my own’, pp. 60–7; E. Williams and
D. Johnston, ‘The
. Francioni (ed.), The 1972 World Heritage
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10 S. Labadi, ‘Representations of the nation and cultural diversity in discourses
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Arantes, ‘Diversity, heritage and cultural politics’, Theory, Cuture and Society
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11 For photographs see A. Goumand, France interdite et
Raleigh’s ‘Ocean to Scinthia’, Spenser’s ‘Colin Clouts Come Home Againe’ and The Faerie Queene IV.vii in colonial context
Raleigh’s estates in east Cork (Colin Rynne, ‘The SocialArchaeology of
‘Ocean to Scinthia’, ‘strange’ colonial Ireland, like the poem’s ‘new worlds’,
does not function merely as an anecdotal backdrop but rather as a fundamental part of its imperial, Petrarchan conceit: like the Queen herself, the
country fuels the driving erotic energy of Raleigh’s despairing art.
V. Love, war and riches
Of the imperial conceits in ‘Ocean’, some refer explicitly to ‘new worlds’
and colonial opportunity there. But
Missing persons and colonial skeletons in South Africa
Ibid.; N. Shepherd, ‘Archaeology dreaming: post-apartheid urban imaginaries and the bones of the Prestwich Street dead’, Journal of SocialArchaeology, 7:3 (2007) 3–28; L. Green & N. Murray, ‘Notes for a guide to
the ossuary’, African Studies, 68:3 (December 2009), 370–86; ‘Prestwich
Place Memorial: human remains, development and truth’, 27 July 2010,
Archival Platform, available at www.archivalplatform.org/blog/entry/
prestwich_place/ (accessed 20 January 2014).
Rassool, ‘Human remains’, p. 18.
Z. Crossland, ‘Acts of estrangement: the post-mortem making of
Culture’, in Bruno David, Bryce Barker and Ian J. McNiven, The SocialArchaeology of Australian Indigenous Societies (Canberra: Aboriginal
Studies Press, 2006), pp. 85–106.
Robin Torrence and Anne Clarke (eds), The Archaeology
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Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale University Press).
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Bardinet, T. (1995), Les papyrus médicaux de l
’s Square, the pub stood as a gateway between
church and local government, and old and new Manchester.55 Notably
the inn was not located on a prominent street corner, like most ‘respectable’ inns elsewhere, but off the market place, with its entrance looking
out on to an alley and its yard, thus giving it an element of privacy. The
inn had been a recruiting station for Jacobite militia in 1745, and was
T. Walker, A Review of Some of the Political Events Which Have Occurred
in Manchester During the Last Five Years (Manchester, 1794), pp. 39–40.
M. Nevell, ‘The social
Basins, warehouses and wharves in canal-age Manchester
Canal warehouse (2002/52, August 2002); Carver’s Warehouse,
Rochdale Canal Basin, Manchester: an archaeological building survey of the 1806
canal warehouse (2006/67, October 2006).
M. Nevell, ‘The archaeology of the canal warehouses of North-West England and
the socialarchaeology of industrialisation’, Industrial Archaeology Review, Vol. 25
(2003), pp. 43–55.
R. McNeil, ‘The 1830 railway warehouse: an old model for a new system’, in D.
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region since 1700 (Manchester: Lancashire and