Yet Dewey’s theory of habit is central to his philosophy and has been mostly overlooked by social scientists. To complement and contribute to the growth of social scientific scholarship in the pragmatic tradition, especially one concerned with democratic processes of socialinquiry and social reconstruction, I attempt to flesh out some fundamental dimensions of Dewey’s work on habit. I suggest that an understanding of the central role of habit in Dewey’s body of work opens up the discourse to his associated ideas of embodiment, imagination and community – all of
This book makes the case for a pragmatist approach to the practice of social inquiry and knowledge production. Through diverse examples from multiple disciplines, contributors explore the power of pragmatism to inform a practice of inquiry that is democratic, community-centred, problem-oriented and experimental. Drawing from both classical and neo-pragmatist perspectives, the book advances a pragmatist sensibility in which truth and knowledge are contingent rather than universal, made rather than found, provisional rather than dogmatic, subject to continuous experimentation rather than ultimate proof and verified in their application in action rather than in the accuracy of their representation of an antecedent reality. The power of pragmatism offers a path forward for mobilizing the practice of inquiry in social research, exploring the implications of pragmatism for the process of knowledge production.
account of pragmatism. And in fundamental respects, the lesson of this living tradition is that classical Pragmatism needs reappraisal and augmentation if it is to act as an aide to understanding contemporary problems facing socialinquiry.
The vibrancy of contemporary philosophical debates about Pragmatism raises the question of whether it is, in fact, even possible any longer to delimit Pragmatism as a distinct tradition. After all, if Pragmatism is characterised, as suggested by Hilary Putnam (1995) , by the primacy it accords to practice in matters of knowledge
, transnationalism as a phenomena ‘does not swirl blithely free of
FANNING 9781784993221 PRINT.indd 17
Irish adventures in nation-building
the political spaces of nation-states’.14 According to Anthony Smith, a
sociologist of nationalism, ‘the world nation-state system has become an
enduring and stable component of our whole cognitive outlook’.15 As
put by Ulrick Beck, the nation-state came ‘to constitute the container of
society and the boundary of sociology’.16 Methodological nationalism is
a term used by sociologists to refer to socialinquiry which is
The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand,
and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that
violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state)
health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence
against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human
rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence
against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of
the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the
horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’
dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional
and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept
of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence
against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on
the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised
in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an
innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due
diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment).
The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the
ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).
questionnaire was conceived for this study, and discussed with specialists in
techniques of socialinquiries from Alexandru Ioan Cuza and Gheorghe Asachi
Technical universities in Iasi. Over 2,500 questionnaires were processed for the
first part of the report regarding consultation with citizens. Face-to face interviews
were used. For data collection and analysis, the following aspects were considered:
• Three sources of drinking water from different treatment plants were selected
(two surface water sources and one underground source). The level of treatment per source is
the complexity of the world to manageable proportions. Even if we acknowledge that they are simplifications, we approach socialinquiry with a predefined lexicon that allows us to find ‘gentrification’, ‘neoliberalism’, ‘planetary urbanism’, ‘settler colonialism’ or the ‘post-political’ (to highlight some of the most popular concepts in critical socialinquiry today) because those are the things we expect to find. If we use large datasets and analytical models, we look for predictable patterns to find the universal causal processes behind complex activities such as
eugenics. 17 August, p. 5.
Freeman’s Journal (1911c) Position of the state in regard to eugenics. 18 August,
Gogarty, O. (1912) The need for medical inspection of school children in Ireland.
The Dublin Journal of Medical Science, 132(6): 409–420.
Hall, G.S. (1911) Adolescence its Psychology and its Relation to Physiology, Anthropology, Sociology, Sex, Crime, Religion and Education. New York and London,
D. Appleton and Company.
Hancock, W.N. (1860) The Aberdeen industrial schools contrasted with Irish workhouses. Journal of the Statistical and SocialInquiry Society
function’.11 In most Western European
countries the main impetus behind the interest in maternal welfare was an
international concern about the declining birth rate, which had reached a
low point in many countries by 1933.12 Ireland was a demographic anomaly
in Western Europe. As a gathering of the Irish Statistical and SocialInquiry
Society was informed in 1935, ‘In no respect is this country more strikingly
dissimilar from others than in the manner in which the population is recruited. With the lowest marriage rate in the world and one of the highest
defence of ‘experimental intelligence’ via socialinquiry as a means to transform a problematic situation into a more desired state under unavoidable conditions of contingency and uncertainty. Experimentation proceeds through the application of collective intelligence to change the situation, assess the effect of the change and determine whether the change constitutes an improvement or not. While intelligence constitutes the ability to direct change in the most promising directions given past experience and future expectations, the outcome of action will be uncertain