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Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

173 6 Social research and state planning Introduction The First Programme for Economic Expansion was launched in 1958. By the early 1960s the scope of programming was widening as the stagnation prevailing for most of the 1950s gave way to a period of continuous economic growth. Initial crisis conditions had enabled increased social spending to be left off the programmers’ agenda. The changed politics of increasing prosperity, as well as their own expanding ambitions, meant that this could no longer be sustained. This chapter begins by sketching Ireland’s social

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Peter Murray and Maria Feeney

139 5 The institutionalisation of Irish social research Introduction The injection of resources into Ireland’s scientific research infrastructure at the end of the 1950s created two new social science research producers –​the Rural Economy Division of An Foras Taluntais and the ERI. In the former rural sociology took a recognised place alongside a variety of other agriculture-​relevant disciplines. In the latter, as exemplified by the letter sent by SSISI to the Ford Foundation on 20 August 1959, the distinction between the economic and the social was from the

in Church, state and social science in Ireland
Liam Harney and Jane Wills

Introduction This chapter describes an experiment in pragmatic social research that took place in east London, UK, lasting for 14 months from January 2015. The experiment, called the ‘E14 expedition’ after the postcode covering the area of Poplar and the Isle of Dogs, involved recruiting volunteers who were interested in joining a new community initiative to foster local relationships and identify shared interests and issues around which to campaign. Conducted in two phases, the first focused on thinking about the local community and its history, and the

in The power of pragmatism
Linda and Jim revisited
Jane Elliott and Jon Lawrence

This chapter explores two of the book's key themes: the 'polarization of workers' lives', and the ways in which couples share the domestic division of labour over the life course. Ray Pahl pairs the story of Linda and Jim with a much shorter case study of Beryl and George, a couple untouched by unemployment and living a life of 'modest affluence'. George and Beryl are used as a device to highlight the arbitrariness of Linda and Jim's fate. Linda and Jim's plight in 1992 underscored many of the central aspects of Pahl's analysis in Divisions of Labour the polarisation of society into work-rich and work-poor households, the disincentives to work embedded in the welfare system, and above all, the arbitrariness of economic success and failure in the context of rapid deindustrialisation and the liberalisation of labour markets.

in Revisiting Divisions of Labour
Knowledge production and social inquiry
Editors: Jane Wills and Robert W. Lake

This book makes the case for a pragmatist approach to the practice of social inquiry and knowledge production. Through diverse examples from multiple disciplines, contributors explore the power of pragmatism to inform a practice of inquiry that is democratic, community-centred, problem-oriented and experimental. Drawing from both classical and neo-pragmatist perspectives, the book advances a pragmatist sensibility in which truth and knowledge are contingent rather than universal, made rather than found, provisional rather than dogmatic, subject to continuous experimentation rather than ultimate proof and verified in their application in action rather than in the accuracy of their representation of an antecedent reality. The power of pragmatism offers a path forward for mobilizing the practice of inquiry in social research, exploring the implications of pragmatism for the process of knowledge production.

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Mass and Propaganda. An Inquiry Into Fascist Propaganda (Siegfried Kracauer, 1936)
Nicholas Baer

Written in French exile, the following text by Siegfried Kracauer from December 1936 outlines a research project that the German-Jewish intellectual undertook with funding from the Institute for Social Research. The work outlined here would be a study of totalitarian propaganda in Germany and Italy through sustained comparison with communist and democratic countries, especially the Soviet Union and the United States. Appearing in English translation for the first time, this document from Kracauer‘s estate is crucial for a full understanding of his career as a sociologist, cultural critic, film theorist and philosopher, demonstrating the global scope of his engagement with cinema, mass culture and modernity.

Film Studies
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

mobilisation requires an acceptance of contingencies and an ability to adapt to changing circumstances. Notes 1 Frédéric Le Marcis would like to acknowledge the European Union (Horizon 2020 programme, grant N° 666092 REACTION!). Almudena Mari Saez would like to thank the International Rescue Committee for the opportunity to conduct this work. Luisa Enria would like to acknowledge support from the Economic and Social Research Council (Future Research

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

fieldwork conducted between 2016 and 2019 as part the Architectures of Displacement project, which was funded by the Economic and Social Research Council of the UK and managed from the Refugee Studies Centre in Oxford. 2 In the next section of this article, I set out a series of common criticisms of architecture by humanitarians, pointing to frequently unrealistic utopianism and a lack of practicality. In the second section, I set out the differences between innovation and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The affective politics of the early Frankfurt School
Author: Simon Mussell

This book offers a unique and timely reading of the early Frankfurt School in response to the recent 'affective turn' within the arts and humanities. It revisits some of the founding tenets of critical theory in the context of the establishment of the Institute for Social Research in the early twentieth century. The book focuses on the work of Walter Benjamin, whose varied engagements with the subject of melancholia prove to be far more mobile and complex than traditional accounts. It also looks at how an affective politics underpins critical theory's engagement with the world of objects, exploring the affective politics of hope. Situating the affective turn and the new materialisms within a wider context of the 'post-critical', it explains how critical theory, in its originary form, is primarily associated with the work of the Frankfurt School. The book presents an analysis of Theodor Adorno's form of social critique and 'conscious unhappiness', that is, a wilful rejection of any privatized or individualized notion of happiness in favour of a militant and political discontent. A note on the timely reconstruction of early critical theory's own engagements with the object world via aesthetics and mimesis follows. The post-Cold War triumphalism of many on the right, accompanied by claims of the 'end of history', created a sense of fearlessness, righteousness, and unfettered optimism. The book notes how political realism has become the dominant paradigm, banishing utopian impulses and diminishing political hopes to the most myopic of visions.

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The power of pragmatism
Jane Wills and Robert W. Lake

a walk, buying a gift for a relative or accepting a lunch invitation make us vulnerable to unintended and unexpected consequences: one thing leads to another and unanticipated events can occur. Our greatest emotional triumphs and our most dismal failures come from putting our neck on the line. We navigate everyday life learning to expect and manage uncertainty. When it comes to our approach to social research, however, such insights and practices tend to be lodged in the back of the mind. We deploy theoretical frameworks and abstract concepts to help us reduce

in The power of pragmatism