Socialresearch and state planning
The First Programme for Economic Expansion was launched in 1958. By the
early 1960s the scope of programming was widening as the stagnation prevailing for most of the 1950s gave way to a period of continuous economic growth.
Initial crisis conditions had enabled increased social spending to be left off the
programmers’ agenda. The changed politics of increasing prosperity, as well as
their own expanding ambitions, meant that this could no longer be sustained.
This chapter begins by sketching Ireland’s social
The institutionalisation of Irish
The injection of resources into Ireland’s scientific research infrastructure at the
end of the 1950s created two new social science research producers –the Rural
Economy Division of An Foras Taluntais and the ERI. In the former rural sociology took a recognised place alongside a variety of other agriculture-relevant
disciplines. In the latter, as exemplified by the letter sent by SSISI to the Ford
Foundation on 20 August 1959, the distinction between the economic and the
social was from the
This chapter describes an experiment in pragmatic socialresearch that took place in east London, UK, lasting for 14 months from January 2015. The experiment, called the ‘E14 expedition’ after the postcode covering the area of Poplar and the Isle of Dogs, involved recruiting volunteers who were interested in joining a new community initiative to foster local relationships and identify shared interests and issues around which to campaign. Conducted in two phases, the first focused on thinking about the local community and its history, and the
This chapter explores two of the book's key themes: the 'polarization of workers' lives', and the ways in which couples share the domestic division of labour over the life course. Ray Pahl pairs the story of Linda and Jim with a much shorter case study of Beryl and George, a couple untouched by unemployment and living a life of 'modest affluence'. George and Beryl are used as a device to highlight the arbitrariness of Linda and Jim's fate. Linda and Jim's plight in 1992 underscored many of the central aspects of Pahl's analysis in Divisions of Labour the polarisation of society into work-rich and work-poor households, the disincentives to work embedded in the welfare system, and above all, the arbitrariness of economic success and failure in the context of rapid deindustrialisation and the liberalisation of labour markets.
This book makes the case for a pragmatist approach to the practice of social inquiry and knowledge production. Through diverse examples from multiple disciplines, contributors explore the power of pragmatism to inform a practice of inquiry that is democratic, community-centred, problem-oriented and experimental. Drawing from both classical and neo-pragmatist perspectives, the book advances a pragmatist sensibility in which truth and knowledge are contingent rather than universal, made rather than found, provisional rather than dogmatic, subject to continuous experimentation rather than ultimate proof and verified in their application in action rather than in the accuracy of their representation of an antecedent reality. The power of pragmatism offers a path forward for mobilizing the practice of inquiry in social research, exploring the implications of pragmatism for the process of knowledge production.
This book offers a unique and timely reading of the early Frankfurt School in response to the recent 'affective turn' within the arts and humanities. It revisits some of the founding tenets of critical theory in the context of the establishment of the Institute for Social Research in the early twentieth century. The book focuses on the work of Walter Benjamin, whose varied engagements with the subject of melancholia prove to be far more mobile and complex than traditional accounts. It also looks at how an affective politics underpins critical theory's engagement with the world of objects, exploring the affective politics of hope. Situating the affective turn and the new materialisms within a wider context of the 'post-critical', it explains how critical theory, in its originary form, is primarily associated with the work of the Frankfurt School. The book presents an analysis of Theodor Adorno's form of social critique and 'conscious unhappiness', that is, a wilful rejection of any privatized or individualized notion of happiness in favour of a militant and political discontent. A note on the timely reconstruction of early critical theory's own engagements with the object world via aesthetics and mimesis follows. The post-Cold War triumphalism of many on the right, accompanied by claims of the 'end of history', created a sense of fearlessness, righteousness, and unfettered optimism. The book notes how political realism has become the dominant paradigm, banishing utopian impulses and diminishing political hopes to the most myopic of visions.
Mass and Propaganda. An Inquiry Into Fascist Propaganda (Siegfried Kracauer,
Written in French exile, the following text by Siegfried Kracauer from December 1936
outlines a research project that the German-Jewish intellectual undertook with
funding from the Institute for Social Research. The work outlined here would be a
study of totalitarian propaganda in Germany and Italy through sustained comparison
with communist and democratic countries, especially the Soviet Union and the United
States. Appearing in English translation for the first time, this document from
Kracauer‘s estate is crucial for a full understanding of his career as a sociologist,
cultural critic, film theorist and philosopher, demonstrating the global scope of his
engagement with cinema, mass culture and modernity.
( 1997 ), Famine Crimes: Politics and the Disaster Relief
Industry in Africa ( Bloomington :
Indiana University Press ).
( 2001 ), ‘ How Real are Statistics? Four
Possible Attitudes ’, SocialResearch , 68 : 2 ,
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Making of Colonial Africa ( Madison : University of Wisconsin Press ).
Lewis , D. and Mosse , D. (eds) ( 2006 ), Development Brokers and Translators: The Ethnography of Aid and Agencies ( Sterling, VA : Kumarian Press ).
Long , N. and Long , A. (eds) ( 1992 ), Battlefields of Knowledge: The Interlocking of Theory and Practice in SocialResearch and Development ( London : Routledge ).
Magone , C. , Neuman , M. and Weissman , F. (eds) ( 2011 ), Humanitarian Negotiations Revealed: The MSF Experience ( London : Hurst & Co. ).
Mathys , G
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos
( 2018 ), ‘ Gender and Disaster: Foundations
and New Directions for Research and Practice ’, in
Trainor , J.
Handbook of Disaster Research , 2nd edition
(Handbooks of Sociology and SocialResearch)
( Cham : Springer International