Socialupheavals and discourses on Irish
identity: the place of religion
To understand the contemporary relationship between school and religion in
the Republic of Ireland, and the policies and debates that affect it, one must
take into account the wider changes at work in Irish society over the past forty
years. The aim in this chapter is to offer an overview of these changes, of the
place of religion in them and of the fluctuations in the dominant discourse
on Irish identity, within the political sphere in particular. Many articles and
The Protestant Orphan Society became a social bridge that linked together throughout the Church of Ireland the humble poor and the wealthy and the great. This book examines the work of the Protestant Orphan Society in Dublin (DPOS) against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. It first identifies the founders and supporters of the DPOS and their motivation for doing so. It asks why the Church of Ireland invested in the children of the church at this time. The book then analyses the Society's development, the grounds for support of private versus public poor relief for Protestant widows and children and stresses the crucial role that women played in the Societies' work. It examines the child welfare system implemented by the DPOS, and the extent to which its policies were forward thinking and child and family centred. The opposing views of the extensive social service carried out by PO Societies and the meaning of the charity for the Church of Ireland laity, particularly women, are explored. The book further examines applicant profiles, widows' reduced circumstances and health, attitudes to children's health, and bereavement and the attendant emotional effects. Using individual case histories the chapter examines applicant case histories which include Sean O'Casey's sister.
preserve the health, morals, respectability and religion of Protestant
orphans, the rising Protestant generation.
This study examines the pioneering work and social service legacy of
the DPOS, one of the most significant Protestant charities in nineteenthcentury Ireland, against the background of over a century of political,
religious and socialupheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great
Famine, social reforms to Independence. While the Society’s work pertains to the broader discourse on religious rivalry which merits attention, this study is intended primarily as an
– ordinary men who
displayed extraordinary talent in their chosen recreation; men who
commanded respect and support from within their local community as
they took on the challenge of all comers. Bradford stoneworker and
darts player Harold Barker will be used to illustrate the few opportunities
Darts in England
afforded to a small number of darts players to make a living from the
The devil’s decade
Despite its being a period of great economic and socialupheaval, leisure
expanded during the 1930s. Andrew Thorpe has suggested that, in recent
years, the social
and quality of life, you know
there’d be loads of stuff happening’. However, the reality of the project has had
an opposite effect and Corrib gas has become synonymous with socialupheaval,
remaining unproduced nearly twenty years after discovery.
Early days of the project
On 15 November 2001 a petroleum lease permitting the production of Corrib gas
was granted to a consortium of companies comprising Enterprise Energy Ireland
(EEI) (45 per cent share), Statoil (36. 5 per cent) and Marathon (18.5 per cent). As
the first production lease granted in thirty years
Separate but equal? Schools and the politics of religion and diversity in the Republic of Ireland focuses on the historical and current place of religion in the Irish education system from the perspective of children’s rights and citizenship. It offers a critical analysis of the political, cultural and social forces that have perpetuated the patronage system, looks at the ways in which the denominational model has been adapted to increased religious and cultural diversity in Irish society and shows that recent changes have failed to address persistent discrimination and the absence of respect for freedom of conscience. It relates current debates on the denominational system and the role of the State in education to Irish political thought and conceptions of national identity in Ireland, showing the ways in which such debates reflect a tension between nationalist-communitarian and republican political outlooks. There have been efforts towards accommodation and against instances of discrimination within the system, but Irish educational structures still privilege communal and private interests and hierarchies over equal rights, either in the name of a de facto ‘majority’ right to religious domination or by virtue of a deeply flawed and limited view of ‘parental choice’.
This collection explores how concepts of intellectual or learning disability evolved from a range of influences, gradually developing from earlier and decidedly distinct concepts, including ‘idiocy’ and ‘folly’, which were themselves generated by very specific social and intellectual environments. With essays extending across legal, educational, literary, religious, philosophical, and psychiatric histories, this collection maintains a rigorous distinction between historical and contemporary concepts in demonstrating how intellectual disability and related notions were products of the prevailing social, cultural, and intellectual environments in which they took form, and themselves performed important functions within these environments. Focusing on British and European material from the middle ages to the late nineteenth century, this collection asks ‘How and why did these concepts form?’ ‘How did they connect with one another?’ and ‘What historical circumstances contributed to building these connections?’ While the emphasis is on conceptual history or a history of ideas, these essays also address the consequences of these defining forces for the people who found themselves enclosed by the shifting definitional field.
No political system directly commands all resources and, by the
same token, none eschews public ownership completely. Nevertheless,
China is a noteworthy case in which the underlying balance between
the public and private has changed remarkably in recent decades. As an
overarching theme, the political economy of China is discussed in this
book in terms of the broad choices available to the government of the
PRC for regulating economic activity. The success of the Chinese
economy is in many ways extraordinary but the balance between the
146 Harold Temperley, The Foreign Policy of Canning, 1822–1827 (London: G. Bell
and Sons, 1925), 193.
147 Kissinger, Diplomacy, 222.
148 Amry Vandenbosch, Dutch Foreign Policy Since 1815: A Study in Small Power
Politics (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1959).
149 Langer, Political and SocialUpheaval, 283.
150 Morgenthau, Politics among Nations, 185.
151 Langer, Political and SocialUpheaval, 283–285; Cruttwell, A History of
Peaceful Change, 4- 5, 110–114.
152 Sheehan, The Balance of Power, 126; Langer, Political and SocialUpheaval,
153 Cruttwell, A
Politics: a revolutionary idea and a practical problem
circumstantial developments that
shaped how individuals, groups, and institutions responded to political
and socialupheaval. It pushes revolutionary proposals and plans back
into the material and political circumstances of their creation. And it
prompts us to recognize citizens’ efforts to understand and contribute to
the pursuit of participatory, representative, and revolutionary politics, in
situ and without a script.
The range of sources upon which this study draws – including philosophical treatises, legislative debates, and formal proposals for reform;