Chinese puzzles and global challenges

Bayly 04_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:20 Page 103 4 Historical lessons about contemporary social welfare: Chinese puzzles and global challenges R. Bin Wong Explaining China’s past to find approaches to our common future We look out at the world around us and see problems and possibilities created by our social practices. We have some basic ideas about where conditions are better and where they are worse, on the basis of which our thinking about development seeks to create the traits found in good conditions elsewhere. The history that typically matters to

in History, historians and development policy
Catholicism, gender and ethnicity in nineteenth-century Scotland

This book examines the changing nature of Catholicism in modern Scotland by placing a significant emphasis on women religious. It highlights the defining role they played in the transformation and modernisation of the Catholic Church as it struggled to cope with unprecedented levels of Irish migration. The institutions and care-networks that these women established represented a new age in social welfare that served to connect the church with Scotland's emerging civil society. The book examines how the church reacted to liberalism, legislative reform, the rise of evangelicalism and the continued growth of Irish migration between the late 1820s and the late 1850s. A mutual aversion to the Irish and a loyalty to nation and state inspired a recusant and ultramontane laity to invest heavily in a programme of church transformation and development. The recruitment of the Ursulines of Jesus, the first community of nuns to return to Scotland since the Reformation, is highlighted as a significant step towards legitimising Catholic respectability. The book focuses on the recruitment and influence of women religious. It also focuses on the issue of identity by considering how gender and ethnicity influenced the development of these religious communities and how this was connected with the broader campaign to transform Catholic culture in Scotland. The book also examines the development of Catholic education in Scotland between the late 1840s and 1900 and prioritises the role played by women religious in this process.

providing for social welfare in late medieval England, and that this was always a secondary role of canons, nuns and monks. The nature, extent and changing face of monastic hospitality, education and charity are illustrated below, and also in several other documents in this collection (see the cross-references in the introductions to individual sources). 40. Monastic hospitality: Henry

in Monasticism in late medieval England, c. 1300–1535
Domesticity and the women’s movement in England, 1928–64

This book explores the contribution that five conservative, voluntary and popular women’s organisations made to women’s lives and to the campaign for women’s rights throughout the period 1928 to 1964. The five groups included in this study are: the Mothers’ Union, the Catholic Women’s League, the National Council of Women, the National Federation of Women’s Institutes and the National Union of Townswomen’s Guilds. The book challenges existing histories of the women’s movement that suggest the movement went into decline during the inter-war period only to be revived by the emergence of the Women’s Liberation Movement in the late 1960s. It is argued that the term women’s movement must be revised to allow a broader understanding of female agency encompassing feminist, political, religious and conservative women’s groups who campaigned to improve the status of women throughout the twentieth century.

This book provides an analysis of the way in which these five voluntary women’s organisations adopted the concept of democratic citizenship, with its rights and duties, to legitimate their demands for reform. Their involvement in a number of campaigns relating to social, welfare and economic rights is explored and assessed. The book provides a radical re-assessment of this period of women’s history and in doing so makes a significant contribution to on-going debates about the shape and the impact of the women’s movement in twentieth century Britain. The book is essential reading for those interested in modern British history and the history of the women’s movement.

Maternity care, social welfare benefits and family allowances

4 Welfare rights for women: maternity care, social  welfare benefits and family allowances A lthough the MU, the CWL and NCW devoted considerable time and energy dealing with the contentious issues of divorce, birth control and abortion throughout the 1920s and 1930s, they never lost sight of the importance of other areas of social policy which had the potential to enhance the lives of women. Along with the WI and TG, these societies played an important and active role in highlighting the welfare needs of women, in particular wives and mothers. Campaigning for

in Housewives and citizens

security provision and the manner in which it became an object of both political debate and social scientific analysis in the early 1960s. The official response to this ferment was a Social Development Programme to which the ESRI was seen as a provider of vital inputs. During the 1960s a Save the West movement challenged both programmers and governing politicians. The official response to this challenge involved new structures for rural development with which the social sciences interacted as well as expanded social welfare provision to a class of smallholders whose

in Church, state and social science in Ireland

welfare ), a book about the social welfare clientele in Stockholm. 1 Gunnar Inghe was a professor of social medicine who had conducted several investigations into marginalised social groups and the labour reserves in the 1960s. Unfinished welfare was a fitting title, one that was in direct conflict with the social democratic rhetoric of ‘left-over needs’ and an almost finished welfare state

in Between growth and security

nineteenth century acquired ‘pathological’ overtones in the twentieth as the ‘maternal instinct’ was subordinated to the expertise of child-guidance and social welfare experts and sentimental, over-protective mothers were blamed for the emotional and sexual ‘disturbances’ of adult masculinity, particularly in relation to homosexuality.98 Despite a certain • TEBBUTT 9780719066139 PRINT.indd 87 87 • 06/02/2012 15:00 being boys blurring in the ‘emotional cultures’ of boys and girls in the inter-war years, clinicians emphasised the need to ensure that little boys

in Being boys
What really ended in 1989?

had recently happened in the UK, that embraced pragmatism at least as much as principle, and became the doppelgänger of its rival. More than the UK and the US, however, in Germany the two major political rivals, the CDU and the SPD converged in many of their policies – both accepting the basic structure of the social democratic state and the need for government provision of social welfare. The SPD, while still acknowledging the Grand Narrative, had largely and intentionally abandoned it in practice decades earlier. Which only made it more difficult to specify

in The great forgetting

chap 5 27/5/03 11:55 am Page 163 5 Financing the federal system Introduction According to the official English translation of Article 20, para. 1, of the Basic Law, the Federal Republic of Germany is a “democratic and social federal state.” A better translation might be “a democratic and federal social welfare state.” “Social” in German usually means socially fair, or just, and generally equal. Therefore, this concept provides a constitutional basis for the German welfare state. A European-type welfare state is under strong unitary pressures, because

in The Länder and German federalism