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Bryan Fanning

3 Social cohesion It would be unfortunate if a politically correct progressivism were to deny the reality of the challenge to social solidarity posed by diversity. It would be equally unfortunate if an ahistorical and ethnocentric conservatism were to deny that addressing that challenge is both feasible and desirable. (Robert Putnam) The implicit subtexts within debates about integration are often anxieties about social cohesion. Social cohesion is a term used in the social sciences to denote the bonds or ‘glue’ that hold people together in society. The focus

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Author: Bryan Fanning

In the last decade, Ireland's immigrant population grew to more than one in ten. Now in the midst of an economic crisis, the integration of immigrants has become a topical issue. This book offers a detailed account of how immigrants in Ireland are faring. Drawing extensively on demographic data and research on immigrant lives, immigrant participation in Irish politics and the experiences of immigrants living in deprived communities, it offers a thorough study of the immigrant experience in Ireland today. Chapters and case studies examine the effects of immigration on social cohesion, the role of social policy, the nature and extent of segregation in education, racism and discrimination in the labour market, and barriers faced by immigrants seeking Irish citizenship. The book contributes to the field of integration studies through its focus on the capabilities and abilities needed by immigrants to participate successfully in Irish society. It follows two previous books by the author for Manchester University Press: Racism and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2002) and Immigration and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2007).

Lessons from Naples
Enrica Morlicchio

17  Enrica Morlicchio Urban poverty and social cohesion: lessons from Naples The relationship between disadvantaged populations and the urban space in which they are located has been the subject of empirical observation since the famous investigation conducted by Charles Booth in London at the turn of the twentieth century (Booth 1902). As is well known, Booth created a series of detailed maps of the streets of London, based on a cartographic method which was already in use at that time, but which had never been applied on such a broad scale. Today, thanks to

in Western capitalism in transition
Local societies in early medieval Europe

This is an exploration of social cohesion in rural settlements in western Europe in the period 700–1050 CE, and of the extent to which settlements, or districts, constituted units of social organisation. It focuses on the interactions, interconnections and networks of people who lived side by side – neighbours. Drawing evidence from most of the current western European countries, the book plots and interrogates the very different practices of this wide range of regions in a systematically comparative framework, offering a new approach to well-known problems of the early Middle Ages by bringing together expertise from different national traditions. It examines how people in the localities of the early medieval West worked together in pursuit of shared goals beyond the level of the household, and how (and whether) they formed their own groups through that collective action. It considers the variety of local responses to the supra-local agents of landlords and rulers and the impact, such as it was, of those agents on the small-scale residential group. It also assesses the impact on local societies of the values, instructions and demands of the wider literate world of Christianity, as delivered by local priests.

Bert Ingelaere

October 1, 1990 and December 31, 1994’ , Official Gazette of the Republic of Rwanda , 26 January . Republic of Rwanda ( 2007 ), Cohésion sociale 2005–2006: sondage d’opinion ( Kigali : NURC ). Republic of Rwanda ( 2008 ), Social Cohesion in Rwanda: An Opinion Survey. Results 2005–2007 ( Kigali : NURC ). Republic of Rwanda ( 2010 ), Reconciliation Barometer . Kigali : National Unity and Reconciliation Commission . Republic of Rwanda ( 2012 ), ‘Summary of the report presented at the closing ceremony of the gacaca courts activities’ . Kigali

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva, Ann-Christin Zuntz, Ruba al Akash, Ayat Nashwan, and Areej Al-Majali

Social-Cohesion Regime in Lebanon’s Halba ’, Journal of Refugee Studies , 33 : 1 , 224 – 44 . Chalcraft , H. ( 2009 ), The Invisible Cage: Syrian Migrant Workers in Lebanon ( Stanford, CA : Stanford University Press ). Chambers

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Politics and society in Northern Ireland over half a century

After three decades of violence, Northern Ireland has experienced unprecedented peace. It is now generally accepted that the peace accord which ended the Northern Ireland conflict, the 1998 Belfast Agreement, is an exemplar of this trend. This book examines the impact of the 1998 Agreement which halted the violence on the Northern Irish people. It covers changes in public opinion across all areas of society and politics, including elections, education, community relations and national identity. The surveys presented show that despite peace, Protestants and Catholics remain as deeply divided as ever. The book examines the development of the theory of consociationalism and how it has been woven into the intellectual debate about the nature of the Northern Ireland conflict. The role of religion in conflict transformation has emerged as an important issue in Northern Ireland. Ethnonationalism in Northern Ireland is fuelled by its multifaceted and complex nature. The constitutional position of Northern Ireland has been the topic of recurring debate since partition in 1920. The role of education in promoting social cohesion in post-conflict societies is often controversial. The book explores both the nature and extent of victimhood and the main perpetrators of the political violence. The key elements of a consociational approach include a grand coalition representing the main segments of society; proportionality in representation; community (segmental) autonomy; and mutual vetoes on key decisions. The main lesson of peace-making in Northern Ireland is that political reform has to be accompanied by social change across the society as a whole.

A critical and integrative literature review
Aleksandra Grzymala-Kazlowska

societies. However, according to Kearns and Forrest ( 2000 ), social cohesion is yet another vague concept which carries different meanings related to: 1) common values and civic culture, 2) social order and social control, 3) social solidarity and wealth disparities, 4) social networks and social capital, and 5) identity/place attachment. Although social cohesion redirects attention from the ‘other’ to society in its diversity, it may still be seen as relying on similar normative and political assumptions as integration, including the fact that it may be perceived as a

in Rethinking settlement and integration
Abstract only
Uriya Shavit and Ofir Winter

from studying the Zionist enterprise Conclusion 185 highlights several points of agreement. Despite their many deep ideological differences, Islamists and liberals alike have identified social cohesion, political realism and activism, long-term planning, scientific and technological development, gender equality and pluralistic democracy as important factors in Israel’s success. These are valuable lessons for the Arab world. They are just as valuable for Israelis when debating the future of their state.

in Zionism in Arab discourses
Bryan Fanning

conditions that would nurture and sustain individual adaptability, flexibility and risk-taking; a ‘sustainable balance between dynamism and security’.12 In this context it was unsurprising that the Fanning_01_Text.indd 17 23/11/2010 14:05 18 Immigration and social cohesion major statements since then about immigration and integration policy that are examined here have de-emphasised ethno-cultural rules of belonging. From blocking coalitions to competitive corporatism In answering the title question of his 2004 book Preventing the Future: Why Was Ireland so Poor for so

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland