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Across the early decades of the seventeenth century, Englishmen and women moved through a physical, social, and mental world organised into a carefully maintained balance of motion and pause. This book examines how seventeenth-century English architectural theorists and designers rethought the domestic built environment in terms of mobility, as motion became a dominant mode of articulating the world across discourses. These discourses encompassed philosophy, political theory, poetry, and geography. From mid-century, the house and estate that had evoked staccato rhythms became triggers for mental and physical motion-evoking travel beyond England's shores, displaying vistas, and showcasing changeable wall surfaces. The book sets in its cultural context a strand of historical analysis stretching back to the nineteenth century Heinrich Wolfflin. It brings together the art, architectural, and cultural historical strands of analysis by examining why seventeenth-century viewers expected to be put in motion and what the effects were of that motion. Vistas, potentially mobile wall surface, and changeable garden provided precisely the essential distraction that rearticulated social divisions and assured the ideal harmony. Alternately feared and praised early in the century for its unsettling unpredictability, motion became the most certain way of comprehending social interactions, language, time, and the buildings that filtered human experience. At the heart of this book is the malleable sensory viewer, tacitly assumed in early modern architectural theory and history whose inescapable responsiveness to surrounding stimuli guaranteed a dependable world from the seventeenth century.

Musicking in social space
Nick Crossley

Contemporary societies are divided along lines of race, gender, class, age, sexuality and disability, to name only the most obvious, and the effects of these divisions are numerous. I have already touched upon them in this book in relation to a number of themes, including the operation of the music industry, musical meaning, taste and identity. In this chapter I introduce a way of thinking about social divisions which integrates them more centrally into my approach, reflecting both upon their impact on musicking and the ways in which musicking might act

in Connecting sounds
Jamie Heckert

talk about sex all the time. Unfortunately, constructive dialogue about the personal and political issues of sexuality is disproportionately limited in relation to our everyday discourse. Anarchism needs to move beyond its traditional focus on the State and the market in order to address hierarchy throughout society, not just in the public sphere. Sexuality is constructed into hierarchies and is interconnected with other forms of social divisions including gender, sexual orientation, class and ethnicity. Any efforts to build a society that includes among its values

in Changing anarchism
Alan Warde
Jessica Paddock
, and
Jennifer Whillans

Introduction Variety is appreciated for its own sake and also appropriated for making hierarchical social statements. However, looked at overall, it makes for a very diverse landscape, with many alternatives; hence restaurants have different clienteles and different groups perform identity in different ways. Less an instantiation of a postmodern heaven, rather more a structured platform of eating out where meaning and aesthetic value can be internalised and communicated. This chapter begins by looking at expressions of social divisions other than class. We

in The social significance of dining out
Claire Mitchell

political life in Northern Ireland? Finally, it asks whether social divisions really have anything to do with religion? Both these questions explore what Northern Ireland was like during violent conflict, and whether the situation is any different ‘after the troubles’. How religious is contemporary Northern Irish society, and in what ways? While the pattern of religious change in Northern Ireland is complex and varied, the region clearly continues to exhibit high levels of religiosity. First of all, we can look at religious affiliations and see that only 14 per cent of

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Abstract only
Segregation and daily life in Northern Ireland
Neil Jarman
John Bell

of any process of conflict transformation is to address the structural factors that underpin the conflict and thus help to reproduce the enmity, fear and mistrust that sustain social division. The peace agreement sought to provide a framework for integrating rival political aspirations, while the subsequent peace-building programme (heavily funded by the European Union and

in Everyday life after the Irish conflict
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Rooting the future
Laurent Bonnefoy
Myriam Catusse

on. The shaping of social, ‘ethnic’, political, gender-based and generational ‘echo chambers’ reproduces identities, inequalities and forms of domination and submission that are often internalised and sometimes co-opted. Beyond the need to be entertained, to keep busy, or even to ‘fill the void’ while waiting for ‘youth to pass’, the leisure activities of young Arabs reflect the social divisions and

in Arab youths
Renegotiating Chilean identity in Alicia Scherson’s Play (2005)
Sarah Wright

surveying Santiago from a high vantage point. Here, I consider the ways in which this film reflects on identity in post-Pinochet Chile. By centring on the experiences of a marginalised Mapuche woman, the film contemplates the ways that present-day Santiago reflects or refutes social divisions. Through the image of the flâneur , the walker in the city, the film meditates on the possibilities of social

in Hispanic and Lusophone women filmmakers
Kimberley Skelton

writers both argued, humans responded involuntarily to sensory stimuli; reason and social expectation no longer dependably governed human actions, and so humans could readily wander into unpredictable actions unless one held their attention. Vistas, potentially mobile wall surface, and changeable garden provided precisely this essential distraction that, in actual experience and theoretical discussion, rearticulated social divisions and assured the ideal harmony. The vista as invitation to motion Inside the mid-century house, guests suddenly found themselves pushed

in The paradox of body, building and motion in seventeenth-century England
Jolien Gijbels
Kaat Wils

abroad. 3 The debate of 1875 not only offers an excellent insight in prevailing male opinions on the issue, but it also constitutes a good introduction in the many ways in which gender, health and medicine have been intertwined over the past two centuries. In a first, very explicit way, the discussion dealt with the social division of medical labour. Power

in Medical histories of Belgium