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Darrell M. Newton

3658 Paving the empire road:Layout 1 30/6/11 08:45 Page 51 2 Television programming and social impact Without question, we should have avoided the coloured man’s songs to the white girl. There have been a number of letters complaining about this point, even though some of the correspondents are badly confused by the lightness of some of the coloured artists. It is not too much to say that the production of Black Magic lowered the whole standard of the Service. (Controller, Television, Norman Collins, 1 February 1950)1 As the post-war Television Service

in Paving the empire road
T. M. Devine

7 THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF PROTESTANT EVANGELICALISM In many parts of the early eighteenth century Highlands the established presbyterian church of Scotland had limited impact. Areas of catholic loyalty existed in the islands of Barra and South Uist and in the western mainland districts of Arisaig, Moidart and Morar and indeed, in the early 1700s, the presbyterians thought that popery was intent on expanding from these districts into other enclaves. In many other parts, episcopalianism was dominant and even, although subjected to persecution by both church and state

in Clanship to crofters’ war
Intermediating the Internet Economy in Digital Livelihoods Provision for Refugees
Andreas Hackl

Is Not Listed’, 2019, on the Upwork website). Even those Syrians in Lebanon who were supported by social impact enterprises struggled to get paid for the work they did. One US-based enterprise offering online language services, which had refugee workers based in Lebanon, transferred payments to a local NGO, which then paid refugees in cash or by cheque. At one point, when this option was no longer feasible, the enterprise had to bring in some US$30,000 in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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From 1348 to 1350 Europe was devastated by an epidemic that left between a third and one half of the population dead. This book traces, through contemporary writings, the calamitous impact of the Black Death in Europe, with a particular emphasis on its spread across England from 1348 to 1349. It charts the social and psychological impact of the plague, and its effect on the late-medieval economy. Focusing on England, an exceptionally well documented region, the book then offers a wide range of evidence for the plague's variegated repercussions on the economy and, no less complex, on social and religious conduct. It is concerned with the British experience of plague in the fourteenth century. Students of intellectual history will find a wealth of pseudo-scientific explanations of the plague ranging from astrological conjunctions, through earthquakes releasing toxic vapours, to well poisoning by Jews. From narrative accounts, often of heartrending immediacy, the book further proceeds to a variety of contemporary responses, drawn from many parts of Christian Europe. It then explains contemporary claims that the plague had been caused by human agency. The book attempts to explain the plague, which was universally regarded as an expression of divine vengeance for the sins of humankind.

Sruti Bala

schemes. Perhaps both the quest for the positive social impact of the arts as well as scepticism towards the imperative of ‘usefulness’ can be traced to the ascendancy of ‘participation’ in the context of international development.4 The political economist and development ­theorist Pablo Alejandro Leal explains the rise of the term ‘participation’ as ‘a new battle horse for official development’ as coinciding with the so-called structural adjustment programmes imposed on most countries of the Global South by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund beginning

in The gestures of participatory art
A world turned upside-down?
John Walter

Chapter 6 . The impact of the English Civil War on society: a world turned upside-down? I F or many contemporaries, the social impact of the 1640s could be captured in the image of the world turned upside-down. The decade began with elections to Parliament in which, it was complained, ‘fellows without shirts, challenge as good a voice as [gentlemen]’. As the decade progressed, Parliament’s destruction of the structures of Charles I’s authoritarian government was paralleled by popular destruction of enclosures and challenges to the authority of the landed

in Crowds and popular politics in early modern England
Open Access (free)
A never-ending story of mutual attraction and estrangement
Nikos Frangakis
Antonios D. Papayannides

early years of Euroscepticism. Foreign policy considerations and the social impact of the protracted stabilisation policies needed to open the way to Euro participation are the main sources of elite scepticism. The press and electronic media provide mainly pro-European coverage. Greek participation in the third stage of EMU in 2001 was generally touted as the paramount policy objective. Constitutional changes and political adaptations to accommodate the EU legal system The ratification of the Treaty of Accession of Greece to the (then) European Communities was based

in Fifteen into one?
Spectacle, legacy and public culture

The spectacle of major cultural and sporting events can preoccupy modern societies. This book is concerned with contemporary mega-events, like the Olympics and Expos. Contemporary twenty-first-century macro-social changes are different from these first-phase modernisation processes, and thus they pose different problems of interpretation in relation to the mega-events they contextualise. The contemporary changes include the digital revolution, the global ecological crisis and qualitatively new and more complex forms of globalisation. Media related aspects of contemporary mega-events, particularly sports mega-events, in the context of the wider social impacts of the digital revolution are discussed in the first part of the book. The second part talks about urban and environmental aspects of mega-events, in a period of rapid urbanisation in many parts of the world and also of ecological crisis. It outlines how mega-events can be understood as being material as well as performative spectacles which are physically 'embedded' in cities as legacies Looking into mega-events' simultaneous record of creating new public spaces in modern cities. The second part also highlights the association of contemporary mega-events with urban impacts and legacies which are both green and space-making. The final part reflects on the contemporary global shift in mega-event locations and the wider context of this in complex globalisation and the changing geopolitical relations between the West and non-Western world regions. The focus is on main non-Western region of East Asia, and specifically on its core, the People's Republic of China.

Abstract only
Labour, design and culture
Jesse Adams Stein

This introductory chapter first establishes the disciplinary spectrum within which Hot Metal operates. It outlines how recent studies of design and material culture have focused less on production and labour, and more on consumption, interpretation and professional design, and examines the place of material culture in labour history. The Introduction opens the path to demonstrating a more effective way to interweave studies of working life, labour and design, while retaining the voices of the workers (through oral history), without aestheticising or sentimentalising labour experience. The chapter also introduces Sydney’s Government Printing Office as a rich and revealing case study that holds valuable lessons for those examining the cultural and social impacts of deindustrialisation in late capitalist economies. Finally, the Introduction sets the economic and political scene in Sydney between the 1960s and the 1980s: important background for understanding the changes that the print-workers experienced.

in Hot metal
Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.