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Loïc Wacquant

9780719079740_C04.qxd 4 22/2/10 15:10 Page 71 Loïc Wacquant The use and abuse of the prison in the age of social insecurity In this essay, I draw selectively on my three books on the nexus of penality, poverty and politics to present the skeleton of an argument explaining the expansion and glorification of the penal mission of the state in the early twenty-first century as part and parcel of the neoliberal revolution and an exercise in state-crafting.1 The prison boom we are witnessing around the world today, qualifying as the ‘third age’ of carceral

in Incarceration and human rights
The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2007

This book examines the intersection between incarceration and human rights. It is about why independent inspection of places of custody is a necessary part of human rights protection, and how that independence is manifested and preserved in practice. Immigration and asylum policies ask crucial questions about national identity, about human rights, and about our values as compassionate citizens in an era of increasingly complex international challenges. The book deals with the future of prisons and shows how the vulnerable population has been unconscionably treated. To arrive at a proper diagnosis of the expansive use and abuse of the prison in the age of economic deregulation and social insecurity, it is imperative that we effect some analytic breaks with the gamut of established approaches to incarceration. The book explores the new realities of criminal confinement of persons with mental illness. It traces the efforts of New Right think-tanks, police chiefs and other policy entrepreneurs to export neoliberal penality to Europe, with England and Wales acting as an 'acclimatization chamber'. In a series of interventions, of which his Oxford Amnesty Lecture is but one, Loic Wacquant has in recent years developed an incisive and invaluable analysis of the rise and effects of what he calls the penal state.

Place, space and discourse
Editors: Christine Agius and Dean Keep

Identity is often regarded as something that is possessed by individuals, states, and other agents. In this edited collection, identity is explored across a range of approaches and under-explored case studies with a view to making visible its fractured, contingent, and dynamic features. The book brings together themes of belonging and exclusion, identity formation and fragmentation. It also examines how identity functions in discourse, and the effects it produces, both materially and in ideational terms. Taking in case studies from Asia-Pacific, Europe, the Middle East and Latin America, the various chapters interrogate identity through formal governing mechanisms, popular culture and place. These studies demonstrate the complex and fluid nature of identity and identity practices, as well as implications for theorising identity.

Author: Luke de Noronha

Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.

Race and nation in twenty-first-century Britain

Nationalism has reasserted itself today as the political force of our times, remaking European politics wherever one looks. Britain is no exception, and in the midst of Brexit, it has even become a vanguard of nationalism's confident return to the mainstream. Brexit, in the course of generating a historically unique standard of sociopolitical uncertainty and constitutional intrigue, tore apart the two-party compact that had defined the parameters of political contestation for much of twentieth-century Britain. This book offers a wide-ranging picture of the different theoretical accounts relevant to addressing nationalism. It briefly repudiates the increasingly common attempts to read contemporary politics through the lens of populism. The book explores the assertion of 'muscular liberalism' and civic nationalism. It examines more traditional, conservative appeals to racialised notions of blood, territory, purity and tradition as a means of reclaiming the nation. The book also examines how neoliberalism, through its recourse to discourses of meritocracy, entrepreneurial self and individual will, alongside its exaltation of a 'points-system' approach to the ills of immigration, engineers its own unique rendition of the nationalist crisis. There are a number of important themes through which the process of liberal nationalism can be documented - what Arun Kundnani captured, simply and concisely, as the entrenchment of 'values racism'. These include the 'faux-feminist' demonisation of Muslims.

Lan Loader

ago treated as a failed and waning institution, ‘returns to the forefront of the societal stage’ – its purpose in a world of insecure employment to discipline and contain the precarious poor and renew the authority of the state. These processes, Wacquant argues, are most developed in the place in which they were forged for home consumption and then for export, the USA. But Europe too is now finding its own path towards the penal government of social insecurity. What makes Wacquant a useful guide on any journey into the world of neoliberal penality is his highlighting

in Incarceration and human rights
Self-policing as ethical development in North Manchester
Katherine Smith

rhetorical force and the micro-politics of intentionality in a North Manchester town”. In Rhetoric in British Politics and Society. A.F.J. Atkins, J. Martin, and N. Turnbull, eds. pp. 160–172. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Tyler, Katharine. 2007. “Race, genetics and inheritance: reflections upon the birth of ‘black’ twins to a ‘white’ IVF mother”. In Race, Ethnicity and Nation: Perspectives From Kinship and Genetics. P. Wade, ed. pp. 33–51: Oxford: Berghahn Books. Wacquant, Loïc. 2009. Punishing the poor: the neoliberal government of social ­insecurity. London: Duke

in Realising the city
Internal displacement, the urban periphery and belonging to the city
Helen Berents

Suecia & ASDI, Bogotá. Richani, N. 2002. Systems of Violence: The Political Economy of War and Peace in Colombia. New York: State University of New York Press. Rojas, C. 2009. “Securing the State and Developing Social Insecurities: The Securitisation of Citizenship in Contemporary Colombia.” Third World Quarterly 30 (1): 227–45. Romero, S. 2008. “Colombian Army Is Accused of Killing Poor Civilians and Labeling Them Insurgents.” New York Times, 29 October. Rotker, S., ed. 2002. Citizens of Fear: Urban Violence in Latin America, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press

in The politics of identity
Shakespeare and Scott
Lidia Garbin

product of and disrupter of his age. His genius is by no means recognized, even by himself. His application for a coat of arms seems in retrospect evidence of a banal social insecurity. The quarrels surrounding bear-baiting place Shakespeare in the context of an entertainer, avid for an audience. His introduction as the Player implies an almost knowing duplicity in his role as a normal flesh

in Shakespeare and Scotland
Nonconformist religion in nineteenth-century pacifism
Heloise Brown

attitudes to their social position and their feelings of social (in)security are much harder to determine. Socio-economic explanations must form only part of the picture, as religion and the role pacifism played within it were also highly important elements in the motivations of those who worked for peace. The Peace Society’s second wave of popularity in the late 1840s led to a renewed interest from women, and it was at this time that the Olive Leaf Circles were founded. Almost mythical in their status during the late nineteenth century, the Circles have frequently been

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’