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Author: Ian Connor

At the end of the Second World War, some 12 million German refugees and expellees fled or were expelled from their homelands in Eastern and Central Europe into what remained of the former Reich. The task of integrating these dispossessed refugees and expellees in post-war Germany was one of the most daunting challenges facing the Allied occupying authorities after 1945. The early post-war years witnessed the publication of many works on the refugee problem in the German Federal Republic (FRG). This book explores the origins of the refugee problem and shows that the flight and expulsion of the refugees and expellees from their homelands from 1944 onwards was a direct consequence of National Socialist policies. It outlines the appalling conditions under which the expulsions were carried out. The book then examines the immensity of the refugee problem in the Western Occupation Zones in economic and social terms. An analysis of the relations between the refugee and native populations in the Western Occupation Zones of Germany in the period 1945-1950 follows. The book also focuses on the attitude of the political parties towards the refugees and expellees in the early post-war years and analyses the newcomers' voting behaviour up to 1950. It argues that while economic and political integration had been largely accomplished by the late 1960s, social integration turned out to be a more protracted process. Finally, the book examines political radicalisation: despite disturbances in refugee camps in 1948-1949 and the emergence of expellee trek associations in 1951-1952.

The great American film critic Manny Farber memorably declared space to be the most dramatic stylistic entity in the visual arts. He posited three primary types of space in fiction cinema: the field of the screen, the psychological space of the actor, and the area of experience and geography that the film covers. This book brings together five French directors who have established themselves as among the most exciting and significant working today: Bruno Dumont, Robert Guediguian, Laurent Cantet, Abdellatif Kechiche, and Claire Denis. It proposes that people think about cinematographic space in its many different forms simultaneously (screenspace, landscape, narrative space, soundscape, spectatorial space). Through a series of close and original readings of selected films, it posits a new 'space of the cinematic subject'. Dumont's attraction to real settings and locality suggests a commitment to realism. New forms and surfaces of spectatorship provoke new sensations and engender new kinds of perception, as well as new ways of understanding and feeling space. The book interrogates Guediguian's obsessive portrayal of one particular city, Marseilles. Entering into the spaces of work and non-work in Cantet's films, it asks what constitutes space and place within the contemporary field of social relations. The book also engages with cultural space as the site of social integration and metissage in the work of Kechiche, his dialogues with diasporic communities and highly contested urban locales. Denis's film work contains continually shifting points of passage between inside and outside, objective and subjective, in the restless flux.

Margret Fine-Davis

. Their research in the US using the first two waves of the National Survey of Families and Households found that the similarities between marriage and cohabitation were more striking than the differences. Indeed, entering into any union improved psychological well-being, although the authors found that while marriage conferred certain well-being outcomes, notably better health, cohabitation conferred others, i.e. happiness and self-esteem. 162 The effect of family status on well-being Measures of well-being and social integration Well-being is a broad and

in Changing gender roles and attitudes to family formation in ireland
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Towards a just Europe
João Labareda

have the potential to alienate national support for EU membership, thus posing a real threat to the survival of the Union as we know it. To conclude, it is worth reviewing the three tensions presented in the Introduction of this book, explaining how my proposals would help to address them. Recall that these tensions were (i) a discrepancy between the degrees of political integration and social integration in the Union; (ii) the contrast between the existing legal grounds for an (at least thin) EU social citizenship and the lack of mechanisms to provide and enforce

in Towards a just Europe
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James Whidden

meant that the British government failed to commit itself to the new policy of cultural diplomacy, social integration, and bilateral relations. The undying idea of a British imperial race compromised collaboration; the imperial narrative weakened the position of the Egyptian elites whose bargain with British power had been strategic, founded on the idea of Egyptian national autonomy. In an unexpected turn

in Egypt
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The problem of distributive justice in the EU
João Labareda

I. Robert Schuman revisited Robert Schuman famously predicted that economic integration in the European Union (EU) would be followed by social integration. 1 Yet has this been the case? In recent years, distributive claims at the EU level have become more stringent than ever. In contrast with the so-called convergence thesis, the socioeconomic gap between centre and periphery in the EU shows no tendency to decrease substantially. Levels of material deprivation are, indeed, very high in a number of member states. More strikingly, the dramatic deterioration

in Towards a just Europe
The coronation of 1953
Norman Bonney

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/05/2013, SPi 4 What a day for England! The coronation of 1953 What a day for England and the traditional forces of the world. Shall we ever see like again? ‘Chips Cannon’, Conservative Party MP, quoted by Strong (2005: 490) Shils and Young’s (1953) interpretation of the 1953 coronation is one of the best-known sociological essays about twentieth-century Britain and the nature of social integration and conflict in a large and complex industrial society. It was subject to strong criticism shortly after its publication and has

in Monarchy, religion and the state
James S. Williams

cohesion, is their profound commitment to exploring different types of external space and topography, including rural and natural landscape (Dumont), the city as metropolis (Guédiguian), the workplace (and its converse) Williams, Space and being in contemporary French cinema.indd 28 11/01/2013 15:18:31 Space, cinema, being 29 (Cantet), marginal sites of social integration and cultural assimilation (Kechiche), and border zones of postcolonial relations and kinship (Denis). We can be more precise: northern France and the Californian desert (Dumont), the metropolitan

in Space and being in contemporary French cinema
S. Karly Kehoe

wonder what hads me frae kicking you.66 Collective assertions like this were welcomed by a Catholic leadership whose growing confidence was helping them to capitalise upon the situation and agitate more publicly for emancipation and social integration. Conscious of the support Catholics provided to Britain during a period of intense warfare, the clergy, led by the tenacious Vicar Apostolic, George Hay, engaged actively in debates for the extension of relief by publishing pastoral addresses, pamphlets and, later, open letters to the people of Britain. Such public

in Creating a Scottish Church
Practical consciousness knowledge, consciousness raising, the natural attitude and the social construction of reasonable/unreasonable
Mark Haugaard

The analysis of the third dimension builds upon Steven Lukes’ work, while departing from Marxist accounts of false consciousness. The foundation for this dimension of power is tacit practical knowledge, which actors use to make sense of the world. Usually, actors adopt a ‘natural attitude’ to this practical knowledge as ‘the natural-order-of-things’. Shared perceptions of practical knowledge enable actors to define each other as (so-called) ‘reasonable’. In contrast, those who do not share these interpretations become excluded as ‘unreasonable’. Most actors prefer to be perceived as reasonable, which creates an impetus towards social integration and a bias in favour of the status quo. To gain power, the (so-called) ‘unreasonable’ have to create local epistemic communities in which their particular epistemic ‘natural-order-of-things’ is dominant. This builds on Antonio Gramsci’s contrast between hegemony and counter-hegemony. Within this third-dimension epistemic conflict, social critique takes place through consciousness raising, whereby practical knowledge ceases to be tacit, and becomes discursively articulated.

in The four dimensions of power