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A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat
Elba Rahmouni
, and
Léon Salumu

dispense HIV drugs. It also allowed us to test some simplified care strategies without having to get validation by national authorities. Social Mobilisation Elba Rahmouni: The project’s success was predicated on significant behaviour changes on the part of the population. What did you do to bring about those changes, and with what successes and failures? Pierre Mendiharat: The relationship between caregivers and the cared-for is always

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis
Luisa Enria
Sharon Abramowitz
Almudena-Mari Saez
, and
Sylvain Landry B. Faye

Introduction During the 2014 West African Ebola epidemic, an estimated US$ 10 billion was spent to contain the disease in the region and globally. The response brought together multilateral agencies, bilateral partnerships, private enterprises and foundations, local governments and communities. Social mobilisation efforts were pivotal components of the response architecture ( Gillespie et al. , 2016 ; Laverack and Manoncourt, 2015 ; Oxfam International, 2015

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

the DRC, a bande dessinée on social mobilisation in North Kivu 3 and a non-fiction book on eastern Congolese fighters 4 ; my contemporaneous work as a ‘media’ journalist for the Arrêt sur images website 5 for which I inventoried and examined the practices of journalists who had worked in the DRC 6 ; my social science

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Joe Larragy

located within a wider theoretical compass. This chapter develops the wider theoretical discussion as a complement to an empirical examination. The theoretical discussion is not a set of conclusions on the nature of the Pillar but is intended to underpin the empirical analysis of the CVP in subsequent chapters. The sections of this chapter explore these broader theoretical issues, and consider the efficacy of associations and social mobilisation in a wider context of power. Wider theoretical compass Essentially, the necessity to connect wider theory to a deeper

in Asymmetric engagement
Joe Larragy

the ‘anomaly’ of the Pillar. This puzzle called for engagement with a broader range of potentially relevant theory than found in the literature on corporatism. Chapter 3 therefore provided a broad excursus into theory, particularly on the nature of associations, over a longer time span and in a broader comparative perspective than as yet has been cast up by debates on the Irish model. This survey explored the associative domain at a more general level, covering concepts of associations, civil society, social mobilisation, the demos, social movements, democracy and

in Asymmetric engagement
Matt Perry

colonial oppression (LAI, India League, Meerut Prisoners, CCC). Her support for these movements superseded her doctrinal differences with both pacifists and anti-colonial nationalists in her commitment to social mobilisation to effect change. This illustrates the compartmentalised character of her political ideas and practice. 189 ‘Red Ellen’ Wilkinson Her analysis drew on the theories of Lenin and the Plebs circle, especially Horrabin, and later Conze. Both her Marxism and her commitment to extra-parliamentary  movements meant that she could not easily assimilate into

in ‘Red Ellen’ Wilkinson
Fighting a tropical scourge, modernising the nation
Jaime Benchimol

This chapter shows how successive yellow fever vaccines, conceived as complex sociotechnical constructs, have been involved in the construction of the Brazilian nation state. Three distinct periods in the country’s political history are distinguished: the patriarchal oligarchic state (1822-1930), the national developmentalist state (1930-80), and the state which has since then oscillated between liberal dependency and national interventionism. The successful campaigns against yellow fever run by Oswaldo Cruz formed the backbone for the founding myth of scientific public health and medicine in Brazil. The trajectory of the yellow fever vaccine manufactured at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, which eventually became the biggest producer worldwide, coincides with economic, welfare, and labour policies that principally benefited urban groups. Rural populations would be the main recipients of the yellow fever vaccine, and it became an important component when national agencies tackled endemic diseases in the interior. Immunisation programmes have helped strengthen the country’s health system, disseminating a culture of prevention. The social mobilisation achieved by the yellow fever and other vaccination campaigns led to new relationships between communities and health services.

in The politics of vaccination
Abstract only
Activism and design in Italy

Precarious objects is a book about activism and design. The context is the changes in work and employment from permanent to precarious arrangements in the twenty-first century in Italy. The book presents design interventions that address precarity as a defuturing force affecting political, social and material conditions. Precarious objects shows how design objects, called here ‘orientation devices’, recode political communication and reorient how things are imagined, produced and circulated. It also shows how design as a practice can reconfigure material conditions and prefigure ways to repair some of the effects of precarity on everyday life. Three microhistories illustrate activist repertoires that bring into play design, and design practices that are grounded in activism. While the vitality, experimental nature and traffic between theory and praxis of social movements in Italy have consistently attracted the interest of activists, students and researchers in diverse fields, there exists little in the area of design research. This is a study of design activism at the intersection of design theory and cultural research for researchers and students interested in design studies, cultural studies, social movements and Italian studies.

Tracing sources of recent neo-conservatism in Poland
Agnieszka Kościańska

-gender mobilisation is not ‘another wave of backlash, but a new ideological and political configuration’ (Graff and Korolczuk 2017 : 176), although this colonial narrative was made possible by the fact that since the mid-1990s ‘gender conservatism’ has been perceived ‘as key to Poland's uniqueness in Europe’ ( 2017 : 184). 3 While the war on gender is a new phenomenon, it would not be possible without earlier social mobilisation around gender and sexuality. I would argue that the war on gender

in Intimacy and mobility in an era of hardening borders
Abstract only
Kelly-Kate Pease

, which included both intensive bilateral engagement and public pressure tactics. One notable – and particularly successful aspect – of our strategy was the engagement of civil society groups. Traditional humanitarian diplomacy activities such as bilateral meetings with a variety of stakeholders behind closed doors were complemented by civil society engagement – or social mobilisation. This decision had several motivations. Firstly, while the value of social mobilisation around accountability focusing on government responsibility to the community

in Human rights and humanitarian diplomacy