Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,062 items for :

  • "social reform" x
  • Refine by access: All content x
Clear All
Himani Bannerji

to legitimise itself through self-characterisation as rule of law and social reform. 2 Significant legislation pertaining to social reform which sought to penetrate deeply into the everyday life and culture of Indians (in particular of Bengal) marked the passage of British rule in India. This legislation involved such intimate and private aspects of life as marriage, motherhood

in Gender and imperialism
Housing, tradition, and German modernism
Author: Isabel Rousset

This book constitutes the first major study of tradition as a field of political and cultural contestation in modern architectural culture. Examining German-language design theory from 1848 to 1918, Rousset traces the diverse and fascinating efforts by architectural reformists to confront class antagonism through the provision of simple, traditionally minded domestic design. Based on extensive original research and copiously illustrated, The architecture of social reform introduces readers to a host of modern architects, urbanists, reform experts, and art critics, including Gottfried Semper, Wilhelm Heinrich Riehl, Karl Henrici, Josef Stübben, Camillo Sitte, Rudolf Eberstadt, Walter Curt Behrendt, Werner Hegemann, Karl Scheffler, Hermann Muthesius, Paul Schultze-Naumburg, Albert Gessner, Albert E. Brinckmann, and Paul Mebes, who sought to reform housing along traditionalist lines from the scale of the living room to that of the city-region.

Countering the narrative that tradition signified the last breath of an eclectic and defunct historicism, The architecture of social reform breaks new ground in the assessment of modern architecture by revealing how architects and other design experts engaged with tradition in order to stake out a socially progressive position for themselves while learning from the past.

Readers interested in continuing debates over the future of architecture, housing, and politics will find this book essential reading.

Indrani Sen

prolific author of numerous works of fiction. While research on her has generally tended to focus only on her ‘Mutiny’ novel, On the Face of the Waters (1896) – although this is slowly changing – she also wrote a number of rather neglected short stories in which she addressed social reform issues with which she was intensely involved. 3 It is some of these short stories

in Gendered transactions
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

responsible for the crash rewarded themselves with hefty bonuses, those experiencing the worst of its rippling social consequences rebelled against systemic injustices. Left-leaning protest movements of indignados took to the streets. They rejected economic austerity and promoted progressive social reform. But they soon became marginal to the spreading politics of anger. In the main, the global backlash is now directed against progressive neoliberalism – the dominant ideological variant of late liberalism – with its ‘flexibilisation’ of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

time when scientific methods and evidence were reshaping the epistemology of social welfare and charity work. In the decade before the war, Hine had worked with the National Child Labor Committee (NCLC) and for the popular sociological magazine The Survey . His photography was influential in the campaign against child labor and in support of social reform supporting immigration, labor, and housing. Hine had become known for his skill in creating ‘photographs of revelation’ that drew attention to politically contentious issues such as labor reforms and xenophobia

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Medical culture and identity in provincial England, c.1760–1850
Author: Michael Brown

This book talks about late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century English medical culture, a study of what it meant to be a doctor and how this changed over time. It presents a brief overview of the social, economic and cultural landscape of late eighteenth-century York. Medical culture and identity in late eighteenth-century York took shape within a social landscape shaped by the values of gentility, polite sociability and civic belonging. The book examines the role of intellectual liberality, demonstrating how public displays of polite and 'ornamental' learning were central to the performance of medico-gentility. It explores the incipient demise of this culture. Through a close reading of a scandal which enveloped the York Lunatic Asylum, it also explores the ways in which medical identities founded upon gentility and politeness were critically undermined by the political and social factionalism. The book looks at medical involvement in the provincial scientific movement, examining how local medical men positioned themselves relative to the so-called 'march of intellect', the cultural and ideological alignment between science and social reform. It continues this analysis in relation to the cholera epidemic of 1832 and other medico-political activities. The book considers how the professional dominion over healthcare was forged by the dual processes of inclusion and exclusion. It discusses the foundation of the Medical School in 1834 against the trial, in the same year, of a local salesman for James Morison's 'Universal Vegetable Medicine'.

Sagarika Dutt

promoted the interests of the lower castes whom he called Harijans. Some social reformers found him a touch patronizing but Gandhi sincerely tried to root out this evil. It is worth noting that the fundamental right dealing with the Right to Equality also abolishes untouchability (Article 17) and its practise in any form is made an offence punishable under the law. Pylee (1994: 81) asserts that ‘no article in the Constitution was adopted with such unanimity and so great an acclamation and enthusiasm as this article. It was the only one which had the special distinction

in India in a globalized world
The quest for a great Labour Party
Andrew Gamble

effective opposition, an inherent ambiguity of purpose and a persistent inability to adjust to new circumstances. For him, Labourism was a barrier preventing the Labour Party developing as a socialist party. Those progressive intellectuals who wanted a socialist transformation of Britain were repeatedly frustrated and disappointed by the timidity and conservatism of the Labour Party. Those, like David Marquand, who wanted a social democratic transformation of Britain, constitutional and social reform and a new social democratic citizenry, were also often despairing of the

in Making social democrats
Jurgette Honculada and Rosalinda Pineda Ofreneo

matter how minimal, would be better than vague rhetoric about an ‘amorphous thing’ called a Gender and Development (GAD) budget devoid of clear and attainable targets. The NCRFW and global feminism The GO–NGO partnership proved a winning combination in three major undertakings during Ramos’ term: the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) and the Social Reform Agenda. The NCRFW was at the forefront of three years of preparations of Philippine GO and NGO women for the global women’s conference and

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Colonial encounters in Indian women’s English writings in late nineteenth-century western India
Indrani Sen

important perspective on social and cultural issues, appeared in the 1890s and were written not in any regional language as most contemporary writings were, but in English. Written against the backdrop of female social reform, both these texts addressed many of the issues which, as we saw in the first chapter, had been raised by missionary novels authored by European evangelicals

in Gendered transactions