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Kirsti Bohata
Alexandra Jones
Mike Mantin
, and
Steven Thompson

4 THE SOCIAL RELATIONS OF DISABILITY While disabled people in mining communities worked, sought medical care and received welfare, they also existed in a complex web of social relations. Such social relations were varied and complex, were determined by a broad array of social, cultural and other factors and had profound consequences for experiences and understandings of disability. But just as existing social relations helped influence the experiences of disabled people, so disability brought about new social relations between individuals, groups and agencies

in Disability in industrial Britain
John Gurney

Chapter 1 Parish, community and social relations in Cobham T he parish of Cobham, where the Digger movement had its origins, was a large, irregularly shaped parish of a little under 5,300 acres, with a population in 1649 of around five hundred. It lay in a central position in midSurrey between the North Downs and the River Thames, and administratively it belonged to Elmbridge hundred and the middle division of Surrey. The parish occupied an important position on the London to Portsmouth Road, a road that not only linked the capital to England’s major naval

in Brave community
Share and share alike

Since spousal and child-parent relationships have undergone enormous changes, they are subject to weighty legal and religious control, and exert a powerful influence on people's cultural imagination. The emphasis on marriage and parents and children has generated a rich and deep historiography. This book outlines the contours of Georgian siblinghood to understand its specific advantages and disadvantages because it was in this period that lived siblinghood began to lose the public recognition of its meaning and function while fictive siblinghood increased its abstract reach. It suggests that couples and parents had other important and demanding family relations, relations they had to negotiate and combine with spousal and parental duties. In particular, it draws attention to the sibling relationships that supported, supplemented, and even supplanted marital and parental relations. The book considers siblings as children and how they learned the role of sibling in both familial and social settings. Parental advice literature and parents' own accounts demonstrate that mothers and fathers were expected to teach morals and class- and gender-specific behaviour and to treat their children fairly. The book explores injunctions about friendship, affection, and love between siblings, revealing that that for siblings, love, affection, and friendship meant ideas of unity, solidarity, and unwavering support. Discussing sibling economics, the book focuses on the familial, material, social, and financial work done by siblings, particularly within and between households. Shifting attention to sibling relations reveals the essential labour of and contribution of siblings to early modern family economics and politics.


This book is an analysis of the complex links between social relations—including notions of class, nationality and gender—and spatial relations, landscape, architecture and topography—in post-colonial contexts. Arguing against the psychoanalytic focus of much current post-colonial theory, it aims to set out in a new direction, drawing on a wide range of literary and non-literary texts to develop a more materialist approach. The book foregrounds gender in this field where it has often been marginalised by the critical orthodoxies, demonstrating its importance not only in spatial theorising in general, but in the post-colonial theorising of space in particular. Concentrating on the period of ‘high’ British colonialism at the close of the nineteenth century, it examines a range of colonial contexts, such as India, Africa, America, Canada, Australia and Britain, illustrating how relations must be analysed for the way in which different colonial contexts define and constitute each other.

Open Access (free)
Phoebe Shambaugh

’ rights and education opportunities, does not sufficiently engage with the expectations of appropriate masculinity, which create ‘demand’. They suggest that these gendered expectations are themselves contributing to the continuation of inter-group conflict in the region through cattle raiding for the purpose of acquiring ‘bride price’. As such, the article echoes the call from Pacoma et al. to the importance of local understandings and meanings embedded in social relations of conflict and disaster settings. It also indicates the extent to which the discourses of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lisette R. Robles

the community’s social fabric, and to an extent, it damages a community’s norms, values and social relations, thereby affecting sustainable peace, stability and prosperity ( Colletta and Cullen, 2000 ; Jacoby, 2012 ). In conflict-affected settings, ties with diverse social actors are valuable assets to access and use (often) scarce resources. The engagements and interactions built during the stay in the refugee settlement contribute to the formation of the refugees’ lived experiences

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dominique Marshall

’ projects, traveled towards the postal locker of the federal agency where Marc Rockbrune worked, and his collection contains fragments for the study of these local uses of media. As a result, the Rockbrune collection helps gauge how the CIDA visual productions were used in classrooms, where the teaching and learning visual practices occurred. The regularity of the subscriptions managed by Rockbrune’s service, the teaching of the materials within the structure of public schools, the attention to the social relations within which the pictures were taken, their publication

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

Introduction Recent interventions in visual theory claim the camera affords the disenfranchised a form of political participation through the civil space opened up by the medium, a space where creator, subject, and spectator intersect ( Azoulay, 2008 ; de Laat, 2019 ). Beyond merely being a technology for producing pictures, the camera is understood as mediating social relations, and as such is an inherently political medium. Crucial to this formulation is visibility: being seen enables participation in a political community, even if only through a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Cathrine Brun
Cindy Horst

-cultural proximity, is established by long-term social relations with accompanying social contracts, institutions and responsibilities, or a sense of shared community, identity and belonging. Second, witnessing, where a ‘third party’ feels responsible to provide humanitarian aid based on seeing the other suffer, is commonly based on long-term physical closeness but can also be extended to newcomers in the community. Having been in need of assistance oneself, recognising oneself in the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

renewed discussions. Existing technical and ethical guidelines have been rewritten to address the audiences and creators of social media and they have been distributed more widely. The principles and advice revolve around the composition, clarity and interest of the pictures, and warn against alterations of visual assets ( CRC, 2018b : 86). They gauge the appropriateness of the content in the light of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms ( MCoS, 2017 : 4). When it comes to social relations around the images, they underline the importance of proper consent and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs