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Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

Most mainstream discourses on humanitarian security would not consider the community engagement of a team of anthropologists in three West African countries during the Ebola epidemic of 2014–16 as directly related to security – and their article in this special issue on ‘Security and Protection’ hardly touches on security as its own topic. Instead, it provides a detailed account of the need for a thorough understanding of social relationships when defining, and thus securing, humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rethinking Digital Divides by Linda Leung
Antonio Díaz Andrade

characterise the social relationships of asylum seekers in refugee camps and detention centres. Supported by impactful quotes from asylum seekers who survived violence and war, she elaborates on how strong community ties – largely face-to-face – give way to the formation of weak ties in the face of forced migration. To some extent these interactions allow refugees to restore connections and obtain vital information for their life in an unfamiliar environment. Her findings suggest that these weak ties

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
If walls could talk

Northern Ireland is regarded as one of the most successful 'post conflict' societies in the world. The reimaging of Belfast as a 'post conflict' city tends to gloss over these persistent divisions. This book provides a thought provoking and comprehensive account of teenagers' perceptions and experiences of the physical and symbolic divisions that exist in 'post conflict' Belfast. Despite Northern Ireland's new status as one of the most successful examples of the resolution of what was once seen as an intractable conflict, the peace walls which separate Protestant and Catholic areas remain in place. The book examines the micro-geographies of young people and draws attention to the social practices, discourses and networks that directly or indirectly (re)shape how they make sense of and negotiate life in Belfast. It focuses is on the physical landscape enclosing interface areas and the impact that it has on the perceptions and actions of young people living in these areas. The book explores how physical divisions are perceived and experienced by young people who live in interface areas and how they view the architecture of division. It pays attention to the impact of place on teenagers' social relations within and between the localities in which they reside. The city centre of Belfast epitomises the city's status as a 'post conflict' city. A recurring argument is that identity does not exist 'out there'. The book shows how social relationships are inherently spatial and how identities are influenced by place and impact on it.

Pratik Chakrabarti

slaves who used these in their daily lives. The exchange of knowledge was conditioned by the plantation system, which was a unique agricultural system that required a close knowledge of plants and the art of growing them. It also involved labour, which engendered the institutions of slavery and its modes of coercion, violence and cultural displacement. This chapter studies British medical botany of Jamaica as a product of the rationalization of the resources of the island and the social relationships that were formed in the process

in Materials and medicine
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Rethinking patriarchy
Katie Barclay

with women, promoted patriarchy as the ideal model for social relationships, reinforcing masculinity through the negative depictions of men who failed to control their wives. As a system that influenced not only relationships between men and women, but between different social classes and age-groups, patriarchy shaped people’s experiences before marriage as well as within it. Courtship practices in Scotland between 1650 and 1850 highlight the importance of family in helping select and vet partners as well as ensuring the economic stability of the match. e role that

in Love, intimacy and power
Geoffrey Cubitt

’. By shifting credit from a past that was retained in the minds of ordinary people to one that had to be anchored in written documentation, the agents of royal authority enhanced the power and prestige of their own bureaucratic operations, and began to separate the accredited public perception of a collective past from the mnemonic processes of individuals and local communities.3 The operations of power leave their mark not just on the representations of the past that are produced within society, but on the social relationships that govern transmission. Even at a

in History and memory
Rees Davies

in the court of the kindred; and even in its obligation to select a member to serve in the lord’s army. 16 Such obligations and opportunities suggest that communal activities in Wales, and elsewhere in the west, operated in good part through the channels of kinship ties. Nor was that all. In societies which constructed social relationships so predominantly in kin terms, it was inevitable that the processes of peace-keeping, dispute resolution and the maintenance of social order should be grounded in a measure in the community of kinsmen. Most spectacularly it

in Law, laity and solidarities
Michaela Benson

their everyday practices. Such contradictions characterized their lives long after migration and cannot be ascribed purely to anxieties over settlement. Irrespective of the length of their residency, my respondents in the Lot experienced uncertainty in a range of situations from their social relationships, their experiences of French bureaucracy and their shift from one lifestyle to another. In this respect, it becomes clear, building on the argument presented in the previous chapter, that many aspects of life following migration are subject to continual negotiation

in The British in rural France
Michael Parker and Micaela Ghisleni

characterised by reason giving and justification. Jean Piaget,3 Lawrence Kohlberg and John Rawls for example all argue that people’s moral development, and indeed their ability to engage in any social relationships at all, are dependent upon, and follow in the wake of, their broader cognitive development, which is itself characterised by a progressive ‘decentring’ from an initial state in which the understanding and perception of the child are profoundly ‘egocentric’. For Rawls, for example, a very young child: ‘Has not yet mastered the art of perceiving the person of others

in From reason to practice in bioethics
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Moving beyond segregated localities
Madeleine Leonard

, shifting and ambiguous relationships to local space. Chapter 6 moved to the city centre of Belfast, further illuminating that young people’s sense of place is not homogeneous but multi-dimensional as they demonstrate their spatial and embodied attachment to different landscapes. Collectively, the chapters have shown how social relationships are inherently spatial and how

in Teens and territory in ‘post-conflict’ Belfast