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Kate Soper

6 Thompson and socialist humanism Kate Soper Introduction My first encounter with the writings of E. P. Thompson was not The Making of the English Working Class, but The Poverty of Theory and other Essays. As a graduate student of Marxist philosophy at the time, taught and surrounded by convinced Althusserians and feeling much peer pressure to conform, though unpersuaded by structuralist antihumanism myself, I remember the pleasure and relief with which I read this work (and the chiding I received in some quarters for my enthusiasm). It was not that I could

in E. P. Thompson and English radicalism
Matt Perry

1 Socialist ideas and movements Wilkinson’s relationship with socialism and Communism has divided contemporary and historical opinion. For Betty Vernon, while not denying her ideas, Wilkinson was largely a pragmatist who passed through apprenticeships in the suffrage movement, in the CPGB (briefly) and in her trade union before maturing as a campaigning, but reformist, socialist. Stressing continuities and gradualism, Vernon’s account fits with Labourist narratives of Wilkinson.1 Accordingly, Wilkinson quit the CPGB alongside intellectuals such as Frank Horrabin

in ‘Red Ellen’ Wilkinson
The end of the Cold War and the breakdown of Holocaust metanarratives
Tom Lawson

Lawson 05_Lawson 08/09/2010 13:39 Page 154 5 ‘National Socialist Extermination Policies’: the end of the Cold War and the breakdown of Holocaust metanarratives When the communist bloc disintegrated from the end of the 1980s, everything changed. The American sociologist Francis Fukyama claimed at the time that the collapse of the Berlin Wall represented the ‘end of history’, the triumph of liberal capitalism.1 It appears now that Fukyama was very wrong. The certainties of life in a bipolar Cold War world disappeared at the end of the 1980s, something to which

in Debates on the Holocaust
The political campaigns of early labour leader
Marcus Morris

13 Class, performance and socialist politics: the political campaigns of early labour leaders Marcus Morris T he political world of late Victorian Britain was in many ways a dramatic show, with politicians’ campaign performances appealing to a disparate audience. Many politicians conceptualised themselves as performers, including labour and socialist politicians, who are the focus of this chapter. They deliberately sought character types and roles for themselves to play, often along class lines. The use of theatrical techniques, including the manipulation of

in Politics, performance and popular culture
continuity, innovation and renewal
Paul Kennedy

5 The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party: continuity, innovation and renewal Paul Kennedy The Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español – PSOE) was founded in Madrid in 1879. It was the largest party on the left during the Second Republic (1931–36), and provided the Republic with two prime ministers during the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Largo Caballero (1936–37) and Juan Negrín (1937–39). Brutally repressed by the Franco regime (1939–75), the PSOE almost disappeared as a significant political force within Spain. Nevertheless, under the

in In search of social democracy
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Mary Bridges Adams and the fight for knowledge and power, 1855–1939

This book revisits the history of British socialism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the light of the life and work of Mary Bridges Adams. Mary's activities within the Labour movement, and as a campaigner for improvements in working-class education, challenged established elites in ways that are important for understanding of this watershed period. The book first contains an overview of Mary's life with a focus on her route into the socialist movement. Then, the book presents micro-histories and uses prosopography to show that socialism is both lifestyle and a form of organised political activism. It puts these elements together to provide a bridge between the social, political and education history. The discussion of the issue of parental choice, considered in relation to her son's education biography, acts as mediator between the personal and the political, to examine the importance of education to the pioneering generation of British socialists. The book also contains a discussion of different aspects of Mary's political practice, in an attempt to formulate a new interpretation of the making of the British welfare state. It injects a gendered dimension into the analysis of the independent working-class education movement and examines Mary's social action and milieu in the First World War.

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Remaking the British left in 1980s Sheffield

Socialist Republic is a detailed account of left-wing politics in 1980s Britain. The 1980s is considered a time of crisis for left-wing politics but this book demonstrates the persistence of social democracy in localities like Sheffield. Drawing on archival research and oral history interviews it examines how Sheffield City Council developed a left-wing agenda to counter Thatcherism and renew the British left. Stepping back from the Council, it then explores how the city’s wider activism of the labour movement, women’s groups, peace, environmentalism, anti-apartheid, anti-racism, Black community organising, and lesbian and gay politics interacted with the ‘Socialist Republic’, and how these movements were embraced, supported, restricted, or ignored by the local authority. By bringing a wide range of movements together and examining them in the context of a vibrant local government, this book uses the local to offer a methodological challenge to the study of new social movements while providing a road map for how left-wing politics can be studied in other cities. Offering a timely focus on regional politics, it demonstrates how histories of local political cultures can enrich our understanding of political developments on a national and international level.

Alistair Cole

This chapter, on the fortunes of the French Socialists, is written at two levels of analysis. First, from the narrow perspective of the 2017 presidential competition, it considers the PS primary and the historic defeat of the PS candidate Benoît Hamon in that years's election. More broadly, the chapter discusses the decline and possible demise of the party once described as the natural party of government. The Parti Socialiste primaries and the Belle Alliance Populaire In the previous chapter, I argued that the generalisation of the

in Emmanuel Macron and the two years that changed France
Not revolutionaries, not luminaries, just ‘normal’ guys amidst the tempest
Christophe Bouillaud

9 The French Socialist Party (2008–13): not revolutionaries, not luminaries, just ‘normal’ guys amidst the tempest Christophe Bouillaud Introduction With François Hollande’s election to the presidency on 6 May 2012, the Parti socialiste (PS) seized national power after ten years in opposition in the middle of an economic crisis presented by French media as being by far the worst the western world has known since the Great Crisis of the 1930s. Seizing power in such a desperate situation was not something new for the French socialists. In 1936, the direct

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Satnam Virdee
Brendan McGeever

rule. Unprecedented fissures as well as unexpected solidarities would become distinctive features of this period, as men and women from all backgrounds were thrust into the struggle over the future direction of society. This chapter documents the new utopian projects of socialist transformation that emerged, and the infrastructures and ideas that animated them. At times, these projects moved well beyond the logic of

in Britain in fragments