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Editor: Saul Dubow

The history and sociology of science has not been well developed in southern Africa as compared to India, Australia or Latin America. This book deals with case studies drawn from South Africa, Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia), Mozambique and Mauritius, and examines the relationship between scientific claims and practices, and the exercise of colonial power. European intellectuals saw in Africa images of their own prehistory and societal development. The book reveals the work of the Swiss naturalist and anthropologist Henri Junod. The relative status of Franco-Mauritian, Creoles and Indo-Mauritian peasants was an important factor in gaining knowledge of and access to canes. After the Boer War, science was one of the regenerating forces, and the British Association found it appropriate to hold its 1905 meetings in the Southern African subcontinent. White farmers in the Cape Colony in the late nineteenth century often greeted with suspicion the enumeration of livestock and crop. The book focuses on the connections between the apartheid state's capacity to count and to control. Apartheid statecraft included aspirations of totalising modes of racialised knowledge. Included in the theme of state rationality and techniques of domination is the specialized use of dogs by police in apprehending black alleged criminals. The book discusses the Race Welfare Society, which turned to eugenics for a blueprint on how to cultivate a healthy and productive white population. However, George Gale and Sidney and Emily Kark advocated socialised medicine, and had a genuine desire to promote the broad health needs of Africans.

John M. MacKenzie

Until the nineteenth century the fauna of southern Africa was richly diverse, highly prolific, and widely dispersed. Humans had interacted with animals throughout the region’s history exploiting them as a food source and defending their stock and crops against predators, carnivorous

in The Empire of Nature
Edward M. Spiers

improvising, as Corporal Thomas Davies (2/24th) did, by using gunpowder as ink. 9 Their correspondence forms the core of this Chapter’s review of campaigning in southern Africa. Several of the regiments who fought the Zulus had already served in southern Africa. The 1/24th (of the 2nd Warwickshires, later South Wales Borderers) and the 1/13th (Somerset Light Infantry) had served in

in The Victorian soldier in Africa
Neil Parsons

Queen Labotsibeni of the Swazi in 1894. My discussion concentrates on the evidence of direct contact between Queen Victoria and the Indigenous rulers from southern Africa who visited her, seen against prior and subsequent knowledge of her as a symbol of British imperial rule. Among southern African rulers, a woman as sovereign was unusual but no fundamental problem – at least for

in Mistress of everything
Henry Dee

syndicalist black trade union active between 1917 and 1920, sharpening their ideas about capitalism and class. 8 This chapter, however, demonstrates that influences worked both ways. Through its socialist rhetoric and mass mobilisation of up to 250,000 members, the ICU had a transformative effect, not only on the CPSA, Southern African trade unions and the ANC, but also at a global level. In 1927, Nikolai Bukharin, Comintern’s general secretary in Russia, insisted that Communists in South Africa should ‘only ask one

in Revolutionary lives of the Red and Black Atlantic since 1917
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Landscape, exploration and empire in southern Africa, 1780–1870
Author: John McAleer

Southern Africa played a varied but vital role in Britain's maritime and imperial stories. The region was one of the most intricate pieces in the British imperial strategic jigsaw, and representations of southern African landscape and maritime spaces reflect its multifaceted position. This book examines the ways in which British travellers, explorers and artists viewed southern Africa in a period of evolving and expanding British interest in the region. Cape Town occupied in the visual and cultural understanding of British people in the 1760s. It is a representation of southern Africa. The book presents a study that examines and contextualises such representations of southern African landscapes, seascapes and settlements by British officials, travellers and artists. It interrogates how and why these descriptions and depictions came about, as well as the role they played in the British imagining and understanding of southern African spaces. The focus is on a period of evolving and expanding British interest and intervention in southern Africa, its impact on peoples and their environs, and the expression in contemporary landscape and seascape representation. British formal control at the Cape of Good Hope brought European aesthetic frameworks to bear on the viewing of landscapes. Exploration and imperialism were defining features of the British experience in southern Africa. Drawing on a wide range of archival sources, contemporary travelogues and visual images, the book posits landscape as a useful prism through which to view changing British attitudes towards Africa.

Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

: Voices from South Sudan , https://plan-international.org/uploads/2022/01/voicesfromsouthsudan_may2018.pdf (accessed 10 November 2021 ). Plan International ( 2019 ), 18+ Ending Child Marriage and Teen Pregnancy in Eastern and Southern Africa, Learning for Change , https://plan-international.org/uploads/2021/12/plan_international_18_resa_learning_for_change_3mb.pdf (accessed 7 August 2021 ). Rahman , M. and Daniel , E. E. ( 2010 ), A Reproductive Health Communication Model That Helps Improve Young Women’s Reproductive

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
John McAleer

European interaction with Asia. The image also bears witness to the maritime umbilical cord connecting southern Africa to the surrounding seas, bringing ships, goods and people from northern Europe, the Indian Ocean and the Far East. Indeed, by including the marine picture in the portrait, Penny may have had an opportunity to paint from a real example. The image he depicted was of a kind readily available to

in Representing Africa
Abstract only
John McAleer

This study has attempted to show how changing patterns of exploration in southern Africa and evolving British imperial concerns were closely entwined and how, consequently, they affected the ways in which British travellers engaged with non-European landscapes in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The representation of such spaces was one of the ways in which empire was

in Representing Africa
John McAleer

passing through the English imagination of the reader.’ 1 British formal control at the Cape of Good Hope not only brought more Europeans and Britons to the area, it also brought European aesthetic frameworks to bear on the viewing of landscapes. The features, characteristics and peculiarities of southern African topographies were increasingly filtered through such aesthetic formulae as the

in Representing Africa