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How control of nature shaped the international order
Author: Joanne Yao

Environmental politics has traditionally been a peripheral concern for IR theory, but increasing alarm over global environmental challenges has elevated international society’s relationship with the natural world into the theoretical limelight. IR theory’s engagement with environmental politics, however, has largely focused on interstate cooperation in the late twentieth century, with few works exploring the longstanding historical links between the management of natural resources and the foundations of the modern international order. This book examines nineteenth-century efforts to establish international commissions on three transboundary rivers – the Rhine, the Danube, and the Congo. It charts how the ambition to tame nature (both the natural world and human nature) became an international standard of rational and civilized authority and informed our geographical imagination of the international. This notion of domination over nature was central to the emergence of the early international order in the way it shaped three core IR concepts: the territorial sovereign state, imperial hierarchies, and international organizations. The book contributes to environmental politics and IR by highlighting how the relationship between society and nature, rather than being a peripheral concern, has always lain at the heart of international politics.

Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

liberal states in action. As Duncan Bell observes: ‘Self-declared liberals have supported extensive welfare states and their abolition; the imperial civilizing mission and its passionate denunciation; the necessity of social justice and its outright rejection; the perpetuation of the sovereign state and its transcendence; massive global redistribution of wealth and the radical inequalities of the existing order’ ( Bell, 2014 : 683). 2 Norms can also be supported by the idea that a world of rules and norms has benefits for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

underpin increased insecurity for aid organisations are mostly seen as beyond the remit of the ‘apolitical’ provision of security for ‘apolitical’ aid actors. Aid installations’ often superior telecommunications, private transport and security practices position them as sovereign, state-like presences within host countries, further entrenching the colonial relationship between aid actors and beneficiaries ( Edkins, 2003 ). Alongside the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Josefina A. Echavarria

purpose, I focus on the following points to highlight the main pillars of security discussions in IR: 1) defining the concept of security, 2) the anarchical international system, 3) the state of nature, 4) the sovereign state and 5) threats and vulnerabilities. My main argument is that conventional and alternative security studies remain trapped in interrogations about ‘how to

in In/security in Colombia
Abstract only
Philip Hammond

’t empty’ (22 March) and to prove the ‘credibility of the Western alliance’ (25 March). As noted earlier, the Times acknowledged ‘widespread uneasiness about departing from Nato’s defence-orientated doctrine, to attack a sovereign state which has not directly threatened the security of an Alliance member’ (20 March). Yet the paper was in no doubt that intervention was needed and

in Framing post-Cold War conflicts
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Saul Newman

loose networks, and constitutes, through the use of all sorts of surveillance technology, a form of seamless monitoring and free-floating control. Secondly, this [ 44 ] Power ‘soft’ form of control works in tandem with more coercive forms of juridical power: an endless array of laws designed to regulate and normalise behaviour and punish transgression. Lastly, there is the sovereign state of exception, in which the two previous forms of ‘governing’ reach their ultimate conclusion. It is sovereignty, in other words, which coordinates all the decentralised techniques

in Unstable universalities
Politics and law
Evgeny Roshchin

place in early modern political and legal thought. As I shall demonstrate, the concept of political friendship was rearticulated in theories of the internal arrangement of and relations between political communities. This casts a new light on the political and social order at the dawn of the sovereign state and modern international regimes. The ‘Aristotelian’ idea of friendship ‘in a political sense’, or friendship as a basic agreement about the nature of a polity and co-existence, is an easily identifiable trope in Humanist discourses on the constitution of polities

in Friendship among nations
Katherine Fierlbeck

). But the contrary position argues that it is precisely the trend towards ‘globalization’ which undermines the likelihood of democratization in developing countries. Modern democracy appeared originally within the context of a sovereign state system and, on this account, requires state autonomy in order to preserve democratic institutions (e.g. Guéhenno 1995 ). The global pessimists argue that, to the extent that democracy is

in Globalizing democracy
The dead body, the individual and the limits of medicine
Órla O’Donovan

human body as private property, thereby tapering the destructive and pervasive individualism that is a feature of contemporary Western societies. I consider these debates in light of the ideas of Foucault about the construction and government of the modern individual. Central to Foucault’s conceptualisation of governmentality is that the modern sovereign state and the modern autonomous individual, homo economicus, co-determined each other’s emergence. Using the Joint Committee on Health and Children’s public consultation process and 2013 report, I have drawn on these

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
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David E. Omissi

command; in December the Italian advance was successfully resumed. The Abyssinians fought hard, but were badly beaten, and in May 1936 Badoglio’s men entered Adis Ababa in triumph. 39 British air policing operations in their Middle Eastern territories differed in kind from the Italian war of conquest against the sovereign state of Abyssinia. They also a differed in scale. The Regia Aeronautica deployed huge

in Air power and colonial control