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The genesis of Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control towards the Palestinian minority

Widely regarded as expert in techniques of surveillance and political control, Israel has been successful in controlling a native population for a long time. Despite tremendous challenges, it has maintained a tight grip over a large Palestinian population in the territories it occupied in the 1967 war. Moreover, it has effectively contained the Palestinian minority inside its 1948 borders. This book discusses the foundation of an Israeli discourse about the Palestinian minority, which Israeli leaders called birour or clarification, and the circumstances of its emergence and crystallization. It talks about the policy of constructing the Palestinians both as non-Jews and as an assortment of insular minorities. The fate of this minority was not only an Israeli internal affair but also an issue of concern to the international community. An analysis of the legal and institutional frameworks, and the role of state power in categorizing the Palestinians, follows. The book also analyses the ways state control and surveillance were implemented at the level of the locality. The book highlights the way state educational policy not just fostered the segmentation described earlier but promoted among students and educators. It then takes up the question of political rights and their meaning under the rule of Military Government. It concludes with personal reflections on the thousands of minutes, protocols, reports, plans and personal messages.

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Ahmad H. Sa’di

Palestinians by ethnicity, religion and blood, the Israeli state sought to shape Palestinian consciousness through educational policies. Thus, in chapter 6, entitled ‘The power of mind over mind’,3 I analyse the way state educational policy not just fostered the segmentation described earlier but promoted among students and educators what Syed Hussein Alatas (1974) has called a ‘captive mind’. Alatas argues that in colonial situations, what has been produced is the ‘uncritical and imitative mind dominated by an external source, whose thinking is deflected from an independent

in Thorough surveillance
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Patrick Thornberry

. In step with increasing international concern about indigenous issues, significant changes in reports to the ILO on State educational policies are recorded throughout the 1970s and 1980s.117 The trend has been manifested through recognition of the independent value of indigenous languages and a positive assessment of bilingualism, constitutional recognition of indigenous languages and cultures, caught up in a generally enhanced valuation of cultural and linguistic diversity.118 Views have also developed in line with newer thinking reflected in ILO 169, lending a new

in Indigenous peoples and human rights