David Luesink

6 State power, governmentality, and the (mis)remembrance of Chinese medicine David Luesink Introduction: anatomo-medicine and the body of Yuan Shikai On June 6, 1916 at ten o’clock in the morning, President Yuan Shikai died in Beijing. Attending were his two western-style physicians, Drs. Wong Wen-tso and J. A. Bussière, but also present were the Chinese-style physicians of his many wives, concubines, children, and servants.1 Here the stage was set for a battle of two therapeutic forms over the body of the most powerful man in the very fragile Republic: between

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Fabrice Weissman

challenges to state power: ‘Kidnapping is an archetypal challenge to state authority: it is a crime against a person that, if unchecked, makes it clear that “people” (and not the state) rule. The ascent of the snatch racket marks a moment when opportunities for criminals outstripped both the capacity and perception of state power, and its diminution signals a significant reordering of that perspective and structure of state power

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

even those inspired by anti-communism were cautious about structural integration into Western security strategies. At the beginning of the 1990s, NGOs shrugged off their scepticism for the morality of state power, working more closely with Western military forces. Private and government funding for humanitarian operations increased. With the help of news media, humanitarian agencies boosted their political capital, presenting themselves as providers of public moral conscience for the West. A new political economy of humanitarian aid developed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

. 2). This is the realm of Carl Schmitt, where opposition must be eradicated not just defeated. Once the structure of ‘the political’ is settled, through blood and iron, everyday politics can take place safe in the knowledge that it cannot change the fundamental political structures that underwrite it. The principle of neutrality targets ‘the political’ sphere. It aims to set a concrete limit on what states can legitimately do to their own citizens, most importantly in terms of ending their lives and destroying their potential to challenge state

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The genesis of Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control towards the Palestinian minority

Widely regarded as expert in techniques of surveillance and political control, Israel has been successful in controlling a native population for a long time. Despite tremendous challenges, it has maintained a tight grip over a large Palestinian population in the territories it occupied in the 1967 war. Moreover, it has effectively contained the Palestinian minority inside its 1948 borders. This book discusses the foundation of an Israeli discourse about the Palestinian minority, which Israeli leaders called birour or clarification, and the circumstances of its emergence and crystallization. It talks about the policy of constructing the Palestinians both as non-Jews and as an assortment of insular minorities. The fate of this minority was not only an Israeli internal affair but also an issue of concern to the international community. An analysis of the legal and institutional frameworks, and the role of state power in categorizing the Palestinians, follows. The book also analyses the ways state control and surveillance were implemented at the level of the locality. The book highlights the way state educational policy not just fostered the segmentation described earlier but promoted among students and educators. It then takes up the question of political rights and their meaning under the rule of Military Government. It concludes with personal reflections on the thousands of minutes, protocols, reports, plans and personal messages.

Reading colonialism through children’s books and magazines
Author: Kathryn Castle

Many European countries, their imperial territories, and rapidly Europeanising imitators like Japan, established a powerful zone of intellectual, ideological and moral convergence in the projection of state power and collective objectives to children. This book is an introduction to the 'imperial' images of the Indian, African and Chinese, created for the youth of Britain through their history textbooks and popular periodicals. Focusing on materials produced for children, by textbook historians and the popular press, it provides a study of both the socialization of the young and the source of race perceptions in 20th-century British society. Against a backdrop of promoting the 'wonderful development of the Anglo-Saxon race', textbook historians approached British India as the primary example of imperial achievement. Chinese characters continued to feature in the periodicals in a variety of situations, set both in China and the wider world. Africa was a favoured setting for adventure in the years between the world wars, and African characters of long standing retained their popularity. While much of the 'improving' material began to disappear, reflecting the move toward a youth-centred culture, Indian, African and Chinese characters still played an important role in stories and features. The images of race continued into the inter-war years. The book shows how society secures the rising generation in the beliefs of the parent society, and how the myths of race and nationality became an integral part of Britain's own process of self identification.

Philip Cunliffe

innocuous and inoffensive to genuinely threaten abusive regimes. Here, I want to advance a different possibility – namely, that the global acceptance of the Outcome Document revealed instead 159 Cosmopolitan Dystopia.indb 159 06/01/2020 16:21:43 Cosmopolitan dystopia the deep complementarity between state power and the responsibility to protect doctrine. This is the argument developed in the remainder of this chapter. The purpose of the doctrine (as discussed in chapter 3) was, in Alex Bellamy’s words, to help us avoid the choice of ‘sending in the Marines or doing

in Cosmopolitan dystopia
Abstract only
Freedom, laissez-faire and the state after Britain’s abolition of slavery
Richard Huzzey

Borthwick put it in 1844.3 Recent research into the connections between anti-slavery ideas, the expansion of state activity and the extension of formal empire highlights the complex legacies of slavery for British politics long after West Indian emancipation. This essay explores how debates over the proper use of state power turned on conceptions of what the ‘freedom’ championed by anti-slavery campaigners should mean in practice.4 Historians of emancipation in Britain and other countries have been rightly sceptical of the ‘horrible gift of freedom’ bestowed on former

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
Abstract only
Kirsty Reid

thus with the creation of hierarchies of class, it was also always associated with prescriptive ideas about sexual morality and gender roles and so with the belief that men and women belonged in particular places and spaces. Family and state power were associated, in particular, with the expression of masculine authority. Although repeatedly imagined as natural, state strategies and imperial and

in Gender, crime and empire
Instituting the Capital–Labour Exchange in the United Kingdom
Mark Harvey

economically ‘natural fit’, the presumed default option, of capitalist political economies. New forms of coercion enrolling state power for the criminalisation and imprisonment of labour were as much a major invention of industrial capitalism as the steam engine. Exchange was politically and legally coerced exchange for much of the nineteenth century. And so-called ‘free labour’ of capitalist employer–employee equality before the law was a political (fiscal and legal) institution Making People Work for Wages 127 that arose after much conflict, and only following the

in Inequality and Democratic Egalitarianism