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Fabrice Weissman

. : 23). 9 Based on examples from the United States in the 1930s, historian Kathleen J. Frydl argues that there is a close relationship between kidnapping practices and the structure of and challenges to state power: ‘Kidnapping is an archetypal challenge to state authority: it is a crime against a person that, if unchecked, makes it clear that “people” (and not the state

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

caught up in or active in conflicts, and threatens a worsening human rights outlook for those who would challenge state authority (both of which are illustrated by the unending misery of the people of Syria). But it also raises an important question about the international system as a whole. If liberal order has provided the right environment for humanitarian action focused on individual suffering, presumably the ubiquity and longevity of that action suggests it has also fulfilled some sort of function for the international system in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

consequence of the legal and institutional modernisation of the customary practice, what I label as the Truth-with-a-Capital-T – being the influence of the state, authority and the regime, the effectual truth – a notion referring to the consequentialist ethics animating the gacaca from below and finally the moral truth – referring to the socio-cultural and primarily non-discursive exploration of one’s moral character through everyday practices and interactions in the aftermath of violence. The design of the gacaca system was, at best, aimed at establishing the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Empire of Clouds in north-east India
Author: Andrew J. May

In 1841, the Welsh sent their first missionary, Thomas Jones, to evangelise the tribal peoples of the Khasi Hills of north-east India. This book follows Jones from rural Wales to Cherrapunji, the wettest place on earth and now one of the most Christianised parts of India. It is about the piety and practices, the perceptions and prejudices of people in early nineteenth century Wales. The book is also about the ways in which the religious ambitions of those same people operated upon the lives and ideas of indigenous societies of the distant Khasi Hills of north-eastern India. It foregrounds broader political, scientific, racial and military ideologies that mobilised the Khasi Hills into an interconnected network of imperial control. Its themes are universal: crises of authority, the loneliness of geographical isolation, sexual scandal, greed and exploitation, personal and institutional dogma, individual and group morality. In analysing the individual lives that flash in and out of this history, the book is a performance within the effort to break down the many dimensions of distance that the imperial scene prescribes. It pays attention to a 'networked conception of imperial interconnection'. The book discusses Jones's evangelising among the Khasis as well as his conflicts with church and state authority. It also discusses some aspects of the micro-politics of mission and state in the two decades immediately following Thomas Jones's death. While the Welsh missionary impact was significant, its 'success' or indeed its novelty, needs to be measured against the pre-existing activities of British imperialists.

Eric Klingelhofer

political and social changes in the last generations of Irish autonomy. It analyzes architectural types and techniques associated with the late Elizabethan colonization of Munster, which may be applicable to early modern Ireland in general. The chapter concludes with a study of the tower-house, which was used widely by both Irish aristocracy and English colonial landowners. A key period in Irish history, the reign of Elizabeth began with a medieval, semi-feudal society and ended with a central state authority and displaced populations. The Privy

in Castles and Colonists
Philip Cunliffe

could, in the Orwellian language of international statebuilders, be accused of undermining their [own] sovereignty’.12 Chandler went further than exposing the shallowness and disingenuous character of international policy attached to develop­ment and conflict, arguing that it represented an un­ accountable exercise of power. Chandler attributed this to a flight from power and responsibility, partly as a retrospective response to the destabilising consequences of degrading state authority, capacity and legitimacy through military intervention in the immediate aftermath

in Cosmopolitan dystopia
Philip Lynch

identity. It supports constitutional reform, devolution, constructive engagement in the EU and government action to improve race relations. One Nation Conservatives embraced a similar vision in the 1970s, but this perspective is now most clearly associated with New Labour. The second is an authoritarian individualist perspective, primarily associated with Thatcherite Conservatives, which views enterprise, individual liberty and state authority as the key attributes of British identity. It supports the Union but in seeking to safeguard parliamentary sovereignty and the

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Abstract only
Duncan Watts

federal one. Parliament at Westminster makes laws for all parts of the United Kingdom, whereas under federal arrangements the power to make laws is divided between central and state authority. In bygone days, royal authority was extended to the component parts of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, either by conquest (in the case of Wales) or by agreed union (subsequently regretted by a section of the population) in the cases of Scotland and Northern Ireland. It was a long time before recognition was given to their separate identities within the context of the United

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
A world turned upside-down?
John Walter

seizure of the estates for political delinquency. This shifted power in favour of the tenants; one result was widespread rent strikes. It was such threats that encouraged a committed Parliamentarian like Sir Robert Harley to put properties before political interests and instruct his tenants to pay rents to the royalists in possession of his estates. New structures of state authority were created by the Civil War, but these, with their heavy demands, were seen as further sources of disorder. Moreover, in their recruitment of personnel from outside the ranks of the

in Crowds and popular politics in early modern England
Abstract only
Helen Thompson

empire and situates its analysis historically both in terms of the practical development of the international economy over time and in an earlier language of political analysis, reason of state, that stressed the importance of the external world to the endurance of state authority and power. The book is concerned with what states have been able to do under different kinds of international economic conditions, as much of the debate about globalisation is, but concentrates on the consequences of the degree of their discretion for the authority and power of democratic

in Might, right, prosperity and consent