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Series: Politics Today
Author: David Arter

This book analyses the contemporary politics of the nation states of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden and the Home Rule territories of Greenland, Faeroes and Åland that together make up the Nordic region. It covers Scandinavia past and present, parties in developmental perspective, the Scandinavian party system model, the Nordic model of government, the Nordic welfare model, legislative-executive relations in the region, and the changing security environment. The Nordic states have a shared history, common linguistic bonds and a common state Lutheran religion. Of the six Scandinavian languages, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish are mutually intelligible, whilst Swedish is an official national language in Finland. Turning to a brief overview of nation-building and state-building in the Nordic region, an obvious distinction can be drawn between those 'stateless nations' which went on to achieve statehood and the territories that have not achieved independence. The book presents a brief chronology of events in Norden up to 1922, when Åland achieved autonomy. In Sweden the historic phase of party-building produced a basic two-plus-three configuration and a party system based on five 'isms': communism, social democracy, agrarianism, liberalism and conservatism. By 1930 there was a bifurcated parliamentary left and a fragmented nonsocialist bloc consisting of essentially town-based Liberal and Conservative parties and a farmer-based Agrarian Party. Whilst acknowledging the limitations inherent in the periodisation of party system change, the book focuses on the extent of party system change since the 'earthquake elections' of 1970-73.

Author: Karen Fricker

This book explores the development of Robert Lepage’s distinctive approach to stage direction in the early (1984–94) and middle (1995–2008) stages of his career, arguing that globalisation had a defining effect in shaping his aesthetic and professional trajectory. It combines examination of Lepage’s theatremaking techniques with discussion of his work’s effects on audiences, calling on Lepage’s own statements as well as existing scholarship and critical response. In addition to globalisation theory, the book draws on cinema studies, queer theory, and theories of affect and reception. As such, it offers an unprecedented conceptual framework, drawing together what has previously been a scattered field of research. Each of six chapters treats a particular aspect of globalisation, using this as a means to explore one or more of Lepage’s productions. These aspects include the relationship of the local (in Lepage’s case, his background in Québec) to the global; the place of individual experience within global late modernity; the effects of screen media on human perception; the particular affect of ‘feeling global’; the place of branding in contemporary creative systems; and the relationship of creative industries to neoliberal economies. Making theatre global: Robert Lepage’s original stage productions will be of interest to scholars of contemporary theatre, advanced-level undergraduates with an interest in the application of theoretical approaches to theatrical creation and reception, and arts lovers keen for new perspectives on one of the most talked-about theatre artists of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

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Author: Rachael Gilmour

At a time when monolingualist claims for the importance of ‘speaking English’ to the national order continue louder than ever, even as language diversity is increasingly part of contemporary British life, literature becomes a space to consider the terms of linguistic belonging. Bad English examines writers including Tom Leonard, James Kelman, Suhayl Saadi, Raman Mundair, Daljit Nagra, Xiaolu Guo, Leila Aboulela, Brian Chikwava, and Caroline Bergvall, who engage multilingually, experimentally, playfully, and ambivalently with English’s power. Considering their invented vernaculars and mixed idioms, their dramatised scenes of languaging – languages learned or lost, acts of translation, scenes of speaking, the exposure and racialised visibility of accent – it argues for a growing field of contemporary literature in Britain pre-eminently concerned with language’s power dynamics, its aesthetic potentialities, and its prosthetic strangeness. Drawing on insights from applied linguistics and translation studies as well as literary scholarship, Bad English explores contemporary arguments about language in Britain – in debates about citizenship or education, in the media or on Twitter, in Home Office policy and asylum legislation – as well as the ways they are taken up in literature. It uncovers both an antagonistic and a productive interplay between language politics and literary form, tracing writers’ articulation of linguistic alienation and ambivalence, as well as the productivity and making-new of radical language practices. Doing so, it refutes the view that language difference and language politics are somehow irrelevant to contemporary Britain and instead argues for their constitutive centrality to the work of novelists and poets whose inside/outside relationship to English in its institutionalised forms is the generative force of their writing.

David Ranc

, on rare occasions, to the very local publication in Arsenal’s vicinity, the Islington Gazette. Scotland: the ‘semi-autonomous’ press of a ‘stateless nation’ Though superficially similar to England’s, the press in Scotland has peculiar characteristics. Alex Law has talked about ‘a “stateless nation” like Scotland, served by a semi-autonomous media’.24 The English press is available throughout Scotland in special editions but a national Scottish press exists. Law insists on its comparative weight: Scotland’s biggest selling daily, the tabloid Daily Record, is read by

in Foreign players and football supporters
Images of female suicide bombers in the Middle East
Verena Straub

Fate of Art in the Age of Terror.’ In The Aesthetics of Terror, edited by Manon Slome and Simon Joshua, 54–​9. Milan: Charta. Guthrie, Basma. 2012. ‘Embodying a Stateless Nation: A Closer Look at Representations of Palestinian Women in Nationalist Posters –​1960’s–​1980’s.’ The Palestine Poster Project. Accessed 24 October 2014.​poster/​embodying-​a-​ stateless-​nation-​a-​closer-​look-​at-​representations-​of-​palestinian-​women-​in. 149 The making and gendering of a martyr Harrison, Mark. 2006. ‘An Economist Looks at Suicide

in Image operations
David Arter

civil servants in Helsinki were Swedish- not Finnish-speaking and worked for the Russian czar. Turning to a brief overview of nation-building and state-building in the Nordic region, an obvious distinction can be drawn between those ‘stateless nations’ which went on to achieve statehood (Finland, Norway and Iceland) and the territories that have not achieved independence (the Faeroes, Green­ land and Åland). Table 2.1 presents a brief chronology of events in Norden up to 1922, when Åland achieved autonomy. Finland: nationalism under czarism The basic structures of the

in Scandinavian politics today
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Angela K. Bourne

and in a way that need not contradict chacterisation of Basques as a national community. Minority or stateless nations form a distinctive, but nevertheless integral subcategory of the regional experience in Europe, especially when they possess their own political institutions. Overall, twenty-eight interviews were conducted during field trips in the Basque Country (August and September 1999 and December 2006); in Madrid (September 2000 and December 2006); and Brussels (September 2000 and February 2004). Interviewees were: representatives from all main Basque and

in The European Union and the accommodation of Basque difference in Spain
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A new Scotland in a changing Europe
Paolo Dardanelli

European Convention the so-called ‘constitutional regions’ have largely failed to have their demands for greater input into the EU’s decision-making process accepted with the result that the Constitutional treaty leaves the status quo virtually unaltered. 8 This, as already mentioned, gives a theoretical advantage to statehood versus ‘region-hood’ for stateless nations such as Scotland but the advantage still appears to be dwarfed by the obstacles secession faces both in the European arena and in terms of SNP’s abilities. Foreign policy is, to some extent, an area where

in Between two Unions
Total infringement of citizenship

are stateless nations (Keating, 2001 ). However, they are not legally stateless as they possess citizenship of the UK and Spain respectively. Roma, Kurds and Palestinians are similarly categorised as stateless nations in political terms, and often they are also stateless legally or are at least lack effective citizenship that would secure their rights (Jenne, 2000 ; Molavi, 2013 ; Fiddian-Qasmiyeh, 2015 ). 2 The second puzzle around the definition of statelessness arises

in The Fringes of Citizenship
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Alexander Smith

and the discursive instruments constitutive of electioneering, Conservative activists found powerful tools for reworking knowledge about themselves and rebuilding politically in the aftermath of failure. A stateless nation Prior to devolution, sociologists and other scholars often described Scotland as a ‘stateless nation’ (McCrone 1992). That Scotland is a nation has been largely undisputed since the nineteenth century (Alter 1994: 6), particularly by Scottish Banal activism 3 observers. For example, McCrone (1992: 3) has argued that ‘[it] is indubitably clear

in Devolution and the Scottish Conservatives