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Sara Wong

tangible structural issues when co-producing within academic settings, and the desire to produce research-based work (i.e. outputs based directly on fieldwork), bring up its own challenges of sharing narrative ownership. The trick is to find the right balance between anonymising personal testimony, maintaining the integrity of the research findings and creating space for creative collaborators to cultivate shared ownership over the story. At times, these different considerations

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned from an Intervention by Médecins Sans Frontières
Maria Ximena Di Lollo
Elena Estrada Cocina
Francisco De Bartolome Gisbert
Raquel González Juarez
, and
Ana Garcia Mingo

the ones that have died? We contacted the authorities so that these patients could be transferred immediately to more specialised centres. Some of them died waiting, others were referred – it seemed so unfair. Coordinator, MSF care home intervention, Catalonia Poor Coordination between Different Actors The first months of the pandemic also exposed important structural issues. The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Response to the Journal of Humanitarian Affairs Special Issue on Innovation in Humanitarian Action (JHA, 1:3)
Anna Skeels

barriers to the success of humanitarian innovation at scale, as do Finnigan and Farkas. For Currion, unless we innovate a new financial model for the sector that will include mechanisms for generating financial returns, humanitarian innovation as it is currently structured is fundamentally unsustainable. For Finnigan and Farkas, substantive challenges exist around the meaning of innovation, the changing global context of emergencies, the need for an integrated structure to deliver innovation and how innovation is financed. It is to these more structural issues that I now

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The international relations of a South American giant

This book contributes to the construction of an integrated analysis of Brazilian foreign policy by focusing on the country's insertion into both the regional and global system over the roughly twenty-five years through to the end of Dilma's first term as president in 2014. An attempt is made to order the discussion through exploration of a series of themes, which are further broken down into key component parts. The first section presents the context, with chapters on institutional structures and the tactical behaviours exhibited by the country's diplomacy, which will be used to guide the analysis in subsequent chapters. The second focuses on issues, taking in trade policies, the rise of Brazilian foreign direct investment, security policy and multilateralism. Key relationships are covered in the final section, encompassing Latin America, the Global South, the US and China. A central contradiction is the clear sense that Brazilian foreign policy makers want to position their country as leader, but are almost pathologically averse to explicitly stating this role or accepting the implicit responsibilities. The recurrent theme is the rising confusion about what Brazil's international identity is, what it should be, and what this means Brazil can and should do. A repeated point made is that foreign policy is an important and often overloooked aspect of domestic policies. The Dilma presidency does hold an important place in the analytical narrative of this book, particularly with respect to the chapters on trade, Brazil Inc., security policy and bilateral relations with the US and China.

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Urban legends and their adaptation in horror cinema
Mikel J. Koven

will take a step backwards, and explore the adaptive processes these largely formless narratives (Georges, 1971 : 18) have undergone to be made into mainstream cinematic horror narratives. I will expand on Paul Smith’s typology (1999) by considering some of the structural issues of the urban legend film – that is, films based primarily or largely on orally circulated belief narratives. Much of my previous

in Monstrous adaptations
Open Access (free)
Paul Latawski
Martin A. Smith

which such interventions in international affairs may be considered justifiable and legitimate. Reflecting their importance in most assessments of the Kosovo crisis, these issues are examined here in Chapter 1 . Chapter 2 considers structural issues and looks at the impact of the conduct of Operation Allied Force – the NATO bombing campaign of March–June 1999 – on both the

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Clara R. Jørgensen
Julie Allan

centred on structural issues, such as location and admissions, and therefore little is known about the daily practices of the schools, how they use their freedoms, and how this is experienced by teachers, parents and students. In this chapter, we have begun to address this gap, by highlighting the endeavour of one particular free school in developing inclusive strategies and the

in Inside the English education lab
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Partisan politics, carte blanche and policy variation
Robert Mason

OPEC and its financial clout, and Democrats, who have tended to be more circumspect on human rights, Middle East conflicts and US arms sales. 1 There is also a structural issue in US policy about the extent to which Saudi Arabia still represents vital US interests or petro-alignment in terms of it being a swing producer in OPEC. As Robert Vitalis notes, the oil-for-security bargain is based on a myth of scarcity and how moving beyond fossil fuels will have major implications for the US–Saudi relationship going forward

in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
Austerity, Brexit and leadership woes
David Cutts
Andrew Russell
, and
Joshua Townsley

demise of left-wing populism, the political entrenchment of independence in Holyrood, the proroguing of the Westminster parliament and the populist rebranding of the Conservative party under Johnson as the one to ‘Get Brexit done’. Amidst this upheaval and turmoil, the Liberal Democrats sought to survive and then rebuild. In this chapter we explore this process. We assess whether the longstanding structural issues that had bedevilled the party since its formation ultimately limited meaningful electoral progress. We also

in The Liberal Democrats
Reimagining the ‘failing state’ problem through the international PVE agenda
Jan Daniel

The chapter explores how the international agenda and local implementation of preventing violent extremism (PVE) identify vulnerabilities in a target country, transforming the framing of what is wrong and what needs to be done. It specifically focuses on shifting problematisations of the Lebanese state and society in international security discourses and ensuing interventions. Lebanon has, in the past, frequently been labelled as a weak or failing state, with international reaction to its perceived problems foregrounding lacking capabilities of state institutions. The emergence of the PVE agenda and its focus on vulnerable social groups has moved the focus to issues such as missing social cohesion and marginalisation – both supposedly contributing to the appeal of violent extremist groups. While the PVE agenda identified new forms of potential risk and danger, it at the same time gave new meaning to some of the previously identified deficiencies, reinterpreting them along the lines of the PVE discourse. Drawing on interviews with UN officers, Western diplomats and non-governmental organisation workers – alongside documentary analysis – the chapter analyses this shift by focusing on two international security discourses. First, it focuses on concerns about failing states in the mid-2000s, then the transformation of these discourses into worries about radicalisation and violent extremism in the mid-2010s. The chapter highlights how the PVE agenda elevated a set of new problems in Lebanon to the attention of the international community, yet how the reactions to these problems still ignores the wider structural issues that Lebanon faces.

in Vulnerability